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Early detection and intervention for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder

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Abstract
Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a high-cost/high-burden disorder. Early detection and intervention may prevent or ameliorate the development of the disorder and reduce its long-term impact. In this article, we set out a rationale for an early detection and intervention program. First, we highlight the costs of the condition and second, we discuss the limitations of the current treatments. We then outline the potential value of an early detection and intervention program. We review evidence on predictors of poor outcomes for early ADHD signs and discuss how these might allow us to target early intervention more cost-effectively. We then examine potential barriers to engagement with at-risk samples. This leads to a discussion of possible intervention approaches and how these could be improved. Finally, we describe the Program for Early Detection and Intervention for ADHD (PEDIA), a 5-year program of research supported by the UK National Institute for Health Research and conducted at the University of Southampton (Southampton, UK), which aims to develop and evaluate a strategy for early intervention.
Keywords
FOLLOW-UP, CONDUCT PROBLEMS, PRESCHOOL-CHILDREN, DEFICIT HYPERACTIVITY DISORDER, HYPERKINETIC DISORDER, STIMULANT MEDICATION, EARLY-CHILDHOOD, YOUNG-CHILDREN, DISRUPTIVE BEHAVIOR, WORKING-MEMORY, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, barriers to treatment, cognitive training, developmental risk, early detection, early intervention, hard to reach, parent training, preschool, randomized controlled trial, universal screening

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Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

MLA
Barke, Edmund et al. “Early Detection and Intervention for Attention-deficit/hyperactivity Disorder.” EXPERT REVIEW OF NEUROTHERAPEUTICS 11.4 (2011): 557–563. Print.
APA
Barke, E., Koerting, J., Smith, E., McCann, D., & Thompson, M. (2011). Early detection and intervention for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. EXPERT REVIEW OF NEUROTHERAPEUTICS, 11(4), 557–563.
Chicago author-date
Barke, Edmund, J Koerting, E Smith, DC McCann, and M Thompson. 2011. “Early Detection and Intervention for Attention-deficit/hyperactivity Disorder.” Expert Review of Neurotherapeutics 11 (4): 557–563.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Barke, Edmund, J Koerting, E Smith, DC McCann, and M Thompson. 2011. “Early Detection and Intervention for Attention-deficit/hyperactivity Disorder.” Expert Review of Neurotherapeutics 11 (4): 557–563.
Vancouver
1.
Barke E, Koerting J, Smith E, McCann D, Thompson M. Early detection and intervention for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. EXPERT REVIEW OF NEUROTHERAPEUTICS. 2011;11(4):557–63.
IEEE
[1]
E. Barke, J. Koerting, E. Smith, D. McCann, and M. Thompson, “Early detection and intervention for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder,” EXPERT REVIEW OF NEUROTHERAPEUTICS, vol. 11, no. 4, pp. 557–563, 2011.
@article{2084124,
  abstract     = {Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a high-cost/high-burden disorder. Early detection and intervention may prevent or ameliorate the development of the disorder and reduce its long-term impact. In this article, we set out a rationale for an early detection and intervention program. First, we highlight the costs of the condition and second, we discuss the limitations of the current treatments. We then outline the potential value of an early detection and intervention program. We review evidence on predictors of poor outcomes for early ADHD signs and discuss how these might allow us to target early intervention more cost-effectively. We then examine potential barriers to engagement with at-risk samples. This leads to a discussion of possible intervention approaches and how these could be improved. Finally, we describe the Program for Early Detection and Intervention for ADHD (PEDIA), a 5-year program of research supported by the UK National Institute for Health Research and conducted at the University of Southampton (Southampton, UK), which aims to develop and evaluate a strategy for early intervention.},
  author       = {Barke, Edmund and Koerting, J and Smith, E and McCann, DC and Thompson, M},
  issn         = {1473-7175},
  journal      = {EXPERT REVIEW OF NEUROTHERAPEUTICS},
  keywords     = {FOLLOW-UP,CONDUCT PROBLEMS,PRESCHOOL-CHILDREN,DEFICIT HYPERACTIVITY DISORDER,HYPERKINETIC DISORDER,STIMULANT MEDICATION,EARLY-CHILDHOOD,YOUNG-CHILDREN,DISRUPTIVE BEHAVIOR,WORKING-MEMORY,attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder,barriers to treatment,cognitive training,developmental risk,early detection,early intervention,hard to reach,parent training,preschool,randomized controlled trial,universal screening},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {4},
  pages        = {557--563},
  title        = {Early detection and intervention for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1586/ERN.11.39},
  volume       = {11},
  year         = {2011},
}

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