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Fast channel switching based on SVC in IPTV environments

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Abstract
In Internet Protocol TeleVision (IPTV) systems, the use of video compression results in a trade-off between random access and bandwidth consumption. Most of the time, priority is given to compression efficiency, resulting in low channel switching performance. In this paper, a Scalable Video Coding (SVC) configuration is proposed, wherein base and enhancement layer are coded in such a way that fast channel switching can be offered without impacting the access network bandwidth consumption. This is achieved by encoding a full quality slow channel switching version of the video stream in the base layer extended with a reduced quality fast switching enhancement layer. Additionally, this configuration offers backward compatibility with H.264/AVC, enabling a gradual upgrade of the IPTV system from H.264/AVC to SVC. When comparing this technique to single layer H.264/AVC, 25.0% bandwidth reduction on the access network is obtained without impacting channel switching speed, but only at the cost of a slightly reduced quality ( -1 dB PSNR) during a short transition period (maximum 48 frames). If a comparison is made with a regular SVC configuration, 39.4% bandwidth reduction on the access network during steady state is obtained. Compared to simulcast H.264/AVC, 32.0% bandwidth reduction on the core network is observed.
Keywords
SVC, zapping speed, IPTV, Channel switching time, ALGORITHM, ZAPPING TIME

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MLA
Van Wallendael, Glenn, et al. “Fast Channel Switching Based on SVC in IPTV Environments.” IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON BROADCASTING, vol. 58, no. 1, 2012, pp. 57–65, doi:10.1109/TBC.2011.2170610.
APA
Van Wallendael, G., Van Lancker, W., De Cock, J., Lambert, P., Macq, J. F., & Van de Walle, R. (2012). Fast channel switching based on SVC in IPTV environments. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON BROADCASTING, 58(1), 57–65. https://doi.org/10.1109/TBC.2011.2170610
Chicago author-date
Van Wallendael, Glenn, Wim Van Lancker, Jan De Cock, Peter Lambert, Jean Francois Macq, and Rik Van de Walle. 2012. “Fast Channel Switching Based on SVC in IPTV Environments.” IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON BROADCASTING 58 (1): 57–65. https://doi.org/10.1109/TBC.2011.2170610.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Van Wallendael, Glenn, Wim Van Lancker, Jan De Cock, Peter Lambert, Jean Francois Macq, and Rik Van de Walle. 2012. “Fast Channel Switching Based on SVC in IPTV Environments.” IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON BROADCASTING 58 (1): 57–65. doi:10.1109/TBC.2011.2170610.
Vancouver
1.
Van Wallendael G, Van Lancker W, De Cock J, Lambert P, Macq JF, Van de Walle R. Fast channel switching based on SVC in IPTV environments. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON BROADCASTING. 2012;58(1):57–65.
IEEE
[1]
G. Van Wallendael, W. Van Lancker, J. De Cock, P. Lambert, J. F. Macq, and R. Van de Walle, “Fast channel switching based on SVC in IPTV environments,” IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON BROADCASTING, vol. 58, no. 1, pp. 57–65, 2012.
@article{2076325,
  abstract     = {{In Internet Protocol TeleVision (IPTV) systems, the use of video compression results in a trade-off between random access and bandwidth consumption. Most of the time, priority is given to compression efficiency, resulting in low channel switching performance. In this paper, a Scalable Video Coding (SVC) configuration is proposed, wherein base and enhancement layer are coded in such a way that fast channel switching can be offered without impacting the access network bandwidth consumption. This is achieved by encoding a full quality slow channel switching version of the video stream in the base layer extended with a reduced quality fast switching enhancement layer. Additionally, this configuration offers backward compatibility with H.264/AVC, enabling a gradual upgrade of the IPTV system from H.264/AVC to SVC. When comparing this technique to single layer H.264/AVC, 25.0% bandwidth reduction on the access network is obtained without impacting channel switching speed, but only at the cost of a slightly reduced quality ( -1 dB PSNR) during a short transition period (maximum 48 frames). If a comparison is made with a regular SVC configuration, 39.4% bandwidth reduction on the access network during steady state is obtained. Compared to simulcast H.264/AVC, 32.0% bandwidth reduction on the core network is observed.}},
  author       = {{Van Wallendael, Glenn and Van Lancker, Wim and De Cock, Jan and Lambert, Peter and Macq, Jean Francois and Van de Walle, Rik}},
  issn         = {{0018-9316}},
  journal      = {{IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON BROADCASTING}},
  keywords     = {{SVC,zapping speed,IPTV,Channel switching time,ALGORITHM,ZAPPING TIME}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  number       = {{1}},
  pages        = {{57--65}},
  title        = {{Fast channel switching based on SVC in IPTV environments}},
  url          = {{http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/TBC.2011.2170610}},
  volume       = {{58}},
  year         = {{2012}},
}

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