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Dietary fatty acid intake, its food sources and determinants in European adolescents: the HELENA (Healthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition in Adolescence) study

(2012) BRITISH JOURNAL OF NUTRITION. 108(12). p.2261-2273
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Abstract
Dietary fatty acids (FA) play a role in several (patho)physiological processes at any age, and different FA have different effects on lipid status and health outcome. The present study aims to describe the FA intake and its main food sources in a population of healthy European adolescents and to assess the variation in intake as a function of non-dietary factors. FA intake was assessed with 24 h recall interviews in 1804 adolescents aged 12·5–17·5 years. Usual intakes were calculated using the multiple source method. Multilevel analyses, adjusting for study centre, were used to investigate the influence of non-dietary factors. The mean total fat intake was 33·3 (SD 1·2)% of total energy intake (%E). The mean SFA intake was 13·8 (SD 1·2) %E, with 99·8% of the population exceeding the recommendations. SFA was mainly delivered by meat and cake, pies and biscuits. In most adolescents, the PUFA intake was too low, and 35·5% of the population did not achieve the minimum recommended intake for a-linolenic acid (ALA). The main determinants of FA intake in the present study population were age and sex, as well as physical activity in the male subgroup. No contributions of body composition, socio-economic status or sexual maturation to the variance in FA intake were observed. In conclusion, the most important public health concerns regarding FA intake in this adolescent population were the low intake of ALA and the high intake of SFA, mainly seen in the younger-aged boys. In this group the major contributor to SFA was meat.
Keywords
Fatty acids, Dietary intake, Food sources, Adolescents, CORONARY-HEART-DISEASE, GREAT FAT, PHYSICAL-ACTIVITY, CARDIOVASCULAR HEALTH, BELGIAN ADOLESCENTS, SATURATED FAT, DEBATE, CHILDREN, CHOLESTEROL, RISK

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MLA
Vyncke, Krishna, Lars Libuda, Tineke De Vriendt, et al. “Dietary Fatty Acid Intake, Its Food Sources and Determinants in European Adolescents: The HELENA (Healthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition in Adolescence) Study.” BRITISH JOURNAL OF NUTRITION 108.12 (2012): 2261–2273. Print.
APA
Vyncke, Krishna, Libuda, L., De Vriendt, T., Moreno, L. A., Van Winckel, M., Manios, Y., Gottrand, F., et al. (2012). Dietary fatty acid intake, its food sources and determinants in European adolescents: the HELENA (Healthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition in Adolescence) study. BRITISH JOURNAL OF NUTRITION, 108(12), 2261–2273.
Chicago author-date
Vyncke, Krishna, Lars Libuda, Tineke De Vriendt, Luis A Moreno, Myriam Van Winckel, Yannis Manios, Frederic Gottrand, et al. 2012. “Dietary Fatty Acid Intake, Its Food Sources and Determinants in European Adolescents: The HELENA (Healthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition in Adolescence) Study.” British Journal of Nutrition 108 (12): 2261–2273.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Vyncke, Krishna, Lars Libuda, Tineke De Vriendt, Luis A Moreno, Myriam Van Winckel, Yannis Manios, Frederic Gottrand, Denes Molnar, BARBARA VANAELST, Michael Sjöström, Marcela González-Gross, Laura Censi, Kurt Widhalm, Nathalie Michels, Chantal C Gilbert, Christos Xatzis, Magdalena Cuenca García, Fátima Pérez de Heredia, Stefaan De Henauw, and Inge Huybrechts. 2012. “Dietary Fatty Acid Intake, Its Food Sources and Determinants in European Adolescents: The HELENA (Healthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition in Adolescence) Study.” British Journal of Nutrition 108 (12): 2261–2273.
Vancouver
1.
Vyncke K, Libuda L, De Vriendt T, Moreno LA, Van Winckel M, Manios Y, et al. Dietary fatty acid intake, its food sources and determinants in European adolescents: the HELENA (Healthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition in Adolescence) study. BRITISH JOURNAL OF NUTRITION. 2012;108(12):2261–73.
IEEE
[1]
K. Vyncke et al., “Dietary fatty acid intake, its food sources and determinants in European adolescents: the HELENA (Healthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition in Adolescence) study,” BRITISH JOURNAL OF NUTRITION, vol. 108, no. 12, pp. 2261–2273, 2012.
@article{2074507,
  abstract     = {Dietary fatty acids (FA) play a role in several (patho)physiological processes at any age, and different FA have different effects on lipid status and health outcome. The present study aims to describe the FA intake and its main food sources in a population of healthy European adolescents and to assess the variation in intake as a function of non-dietary factors. FA intake was assessed with 24 h recall interviews in 1804 adolescents aged 12·5–17·5 years. Usual intakes were calculated using the multiple source method. Multilevel analyses, adjusting for study centre, were used to investigate the influence of non-dietary factors. The mean total fat intake was 33·3 (SD 1·2)% of total energy intake (%E). The mean SFA intake was 13·8 (SD 1·2) %E, with 99·8% of the population exceeding the recommendations. SFA was mainly delivered by meat and cake, pies and biscuits. In most adolescents, the PUFA intake was too low, and 35·5% of the population did not achieve the minimum recommended intake for a-linolenic acid (ALA). The main determinants of FA intake in the present study population were age and sex, as well as physical activity in the male subgroup. No contributions of body composition, socio-economic status or sexual maturation to the variance in FA intake were observed. In conclusion, the most important public health concerns regarding FA intake in this adolescent population were the low intake of ALA and the high intake of SFA, mainly seen in the younger-aged boys. In this group the major contributor to SFA was meat.},
  author       = {Vyncke, Krishna and Libuda, Lars and De Vriendt, Tineke and Moreno, Luis A and Van Winckel, Myriam and Manios, Yannis and Gottrand, Frederic and Molnar, Denes and VANAELST, BARBARA and Sjöström, Michael and González-Gross, Marcela and Censi, Laura and Widhalm, Kurt and Michels, Nathalie and Gilbert, Chantal C and Xatzis, Christos and Cuenca García, Magdalena and Pérez de Heredia, Fátima and De Henauw, Stefaan and Huybrechts, Inge},
  issn         = {0007-1145},
  journal      = {BRITISH JOURNAL OF NUTRITION},
  keywords     = {Fatty acids,Dietary intake,Food sources,Adolescents,CORONARY-HEART-DISEASE,GREAT FAT,PHYSICAL-ACTIVITY,CARDIOVASCULAR HEALTH,BELGIAN ADOLESCENTS,SATURATED FAT,DEBATE,CHILDREN,CHOLESTEROL,RISK},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {12},
  pages        = {2261--2273},
  title        = {Dietary fatty acid intake, its food sources and determinants in European adolescents: the HELENA (Healthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition in Adolescence) study},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S000711451200030X},
  volume       = {108},
  year         = {2012},
}

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