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Dietary fatty acid intake, its food sources and determinants in European adolescents: the HELENA (Healthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition in Adolescence) study

Krishna Vyncke UGent, Lars Libuda, Tineke De Vriendt UGent, Luis A Moreno, Myriam Van Winckel UGent, Yannis Manios, Frederic Gottrand, Denes Molnar, BARBARA VANAELST UGent and Michael Sjöström, et al. (2012) BRITISH JOURNAL OF NUTRITION. 108(12). p.2261-2273
abstract
Dietary fatty acids (FA) play a role in several (patho)physiological processes at any age, and different FA have different effects on lipid status and health outcome. The present study aims to describe the FA intake and its main food sources in a population of healthy European adolescents and to assess the variation in intake as a function of non-dietary factors. FA intake was assessed with 24 h recall interviews in 1804 adolescents aged 12·5–17·5 years. Usual intakes were calculated using the multiple source method. Multilevel analyses, adjusting for study centre, were used to investigate the influence of non-dietary factors. The mean total fat intake was 33·3 (SD 1·2)% of total energy intake (%E). The mean SFA intake was 13·8 (SD 1·2) %E, with 99·8% of the population exceeding the recommendations. SFA was mainly delivered by meat and cake, pies and biscuits. In most adolescents, the PUFA intake was too low, and 35·5% of the population did not achieve the minimum recommended intake for a-linolenic acid (ALA). The main determinants of FA intake in the present study population were age and sex, as well as physical activity in the male subgroup. No contributions of body composition, socio-economic status or sexual maturation to the variance in FA intake were observed. In conclusion, the most important public health concerns regarding FA intake in this adolescent population were the low intake of ALA and the high intake of SFA, mainly seen in the younger-aged boys. In this group the major contributor to SFA was meat.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
journalArticle (original)
publication status
published
subject
keyword
Fatty acids, Dietary intake, Food sources, Adolescents, CORONARY-HEART-DISEASE, GREAT FAT, PHYSICAL-ACTIVITY, CARDIOVASCULAR HEALTH, BELGIAN ADOLESCENTS, SATURATED FAT, DEBATE, CHILDREN, CHOLESTEROL, RISK
journal title
BRITISH JOURNAL OF NUTRITION
Br. J. Nutr.
volume
108
issue
12
pages
2261 - 2273
Web of Science type
Article
Web of Science id
000312459300017
JCR category
NUTRITION & DIETETICS
JCR impact factor
3.302 (2012)
JCR rank
18/75 (2012)
JCR quartile
1 (2012)
ISSN
0007-1145
DOI
10.1017/S000711451200030X
language
English
UGent publication?
yes
classification
A1
additional info
article on behalf of the HELENA consortium
copyright statement
I have transferred the copyright for this publication to the publisher
id
2074507
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-2074507
date created
2012-03-27 10:32:09
date last changed
2015-06-17 10:00:05
@article{2074507,
  abstract     = {Dietary fatty acids (FA) play a role in several (patho)physiological processes at any age, and different FA have different effects on lipid status and health outcome. The present study aims to describe the FA intake and its main food sources in a population of healthy European adolescents and to assess the variation in intake as a function of non-dietary factors. FA intake was assessed with 24 h recall interviews in 1804 adolescents aged 12{\textperiodcentered}5--17{\textperiodcentered}5 years. Usual intakes were calculated using the multiple source method. Multilevel analyses, adjusting for study centre, were used to investigate the influence of non-dietary factors. The mean total fat intake was 33{\textperiodcentered}3 (SD 1{\textperiodcentered}2)\% of total energy intake (\%E). The mean SFA intake was 13{\textperiodcentered}8 (SD 1{\textperiodcentered}2) \%E, with 99{\textperiodcentered}8\% of the population exceeding the recommendations. SFA was mainly delivered by meat and cake, pies and biscuits. In most adolescents, the PUFA intake was too low, and 35{\textperiodcentered}5\% of the population did not achieve the minimum recommended intake for a-linolenic acid (ALA). The main determinants of FA intake in the present study population were age and sex, as well as physical activity in the male subgroup. No contributions of body composition, socio-economic status or sexual maturation to the variance in FA intake were observed. In conclusion, the most important public health concerns regarding FA intake in this adolescent population were the low intake of ALA and the high intake of SFA, mainly seen in the younger-aged boys. In this group the major contributor to SFA was meat.},
  author       = {Vyncke, Krishna and Libuda, Lars and De Vriendt, Tineke and Moreno, Luis A and Van Winckel, Myriam and Manios, Yannis and Gottrand, Frederic and Molnar, Denes and VANAELST, BARBARA and Sj{\"o}str{\"o}m, Michael and Gonz{\'a}lez-Gross, Marcela and Censi, Laura and Widhalm, Kurt and Michels, Nathalie and Gilbert, Chantal C and Xatzis, Christos and Cuenca Garc{\'i}a, Magdalena and P{\'e}rez de Heredia, F{\'a}tima and De Henauw, Stefaan and Huybrechts, Inge},
  issn         = {0007-1145},
  journal      = {BRITISH JOURNAL OF NUTRITION},
  keyword      = {Fatty acids,Dietary intake,Food sources,Adolescents,CORONARY-HEART-DISEASE,GREAT FAT,PHYSICAL-ACTIVITY,CARDIOVASCULAR HEALTH,BELGIAN ADOLESCENTS,SATURATED FAT,DEBATE,CHILDREN,CHOLESTEROL,RISK},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {12},
  pages        = {2261--2273},
  title        = {Dietary fatty acid intake, its food sources and determinants in European adolescents: the HELENA (Healthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition in Adolescence) study},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S000711451200030X},
  volume       = {108},
  year         = {2012},
}

Chicago
Vyncke, Krishna, Lars Libuda, Tineke De Vriendt, Luis A Moreno, Myriam Van Winckel, Yannis Manios, Frederic Gottrand, et al. 2012. “Dietary Fatty Acid Intake, Its Food Sources and Determinants in European Adolescents: The HELENA (Healthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition in Adolescence) Study.” British Journal of Nutrition 108 (12): 2261–2273.
APA
Vyncke, Krishna, Libuda, L., De Vriendt, T., Moreno, L. A., Van Winckel, M., Manios, Y., Gottrand, F., et al. (2012). Dietary fatty acid intake, its food sources and determinants in European adolescents: the HELENA (Healthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition in Adolescence) study. BRITISH JOURNAL OF NUTRITION, 108(12), 2261–2273.
Vancouver
1.
Vyncke K, Libuda L, De Vriendt T, Moreno LA, Van Winckel M, Manios Y, et al. Dietary fatty acid intake, its food sources and determinants in European adolescents: the HELENA (Healthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition in Adolescence) study. BRITISH JOURNAL OF NUTRITION. 2012;108(12):2261–73.
MLA
Vyncke, Krishna, Lars Libuda, Tineke De Vriendt, et al. “Dietary Fatty Acid Intake, Its Food Sources and Determinants in European Adolescents: The HELENA (Healthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition in Adolescence) Study.” BRITISH JOURNAL OF NUTRITION 108.12 (2012): 2261–2273. Print.