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The influence of water availability on pastoralist's resource use in Mwingi and Kitui districts in Kenya

Francis EO Opiyo, Stephen Mwangi Mureithi UGent and Robinson K Ngugi (2011) JOURNAL OF HUMAN ECOLOGY (DELHI). 35(1). p.43-52
abstract
Understanding where pastoral livestock grazing takes place and how water availability and distribution influences resource use, is critical in planning and management of arid and semi -arid lands. This study was carried out in Mwingi and Kitui districts in Eastern Kenya. Semi-structured questionnaires were used for data collection for five months. Watering points were established through cluster sampling by considering each administrative sub- location with the help of topographical maps. Three ethnic communities, namely ,the Akamba, Oroma and Somali, utilize resources in the area. The distribution of dry season water in the area influence the distances livestock herds traveled from their homelands. There was a significant difference between number of wells and the number of households, with an overall mean number of five to eight households per well. The population of goats and camels was highest for the area, and that they walked longer and their watering frequency was low. However, diseases, predators and frequent droughts occasioned animal’s losses, with goats having the highest death (6.0%) and birth (44.8%) rates. The dry season water availability may explain why livestock routes changed over the seasons and highlight the importance and ubiquity of common utilization of the range by these communities. Therefore, common rights of access prevail, although the control and organization of shallow wells is the responsibility of the Akamba ‘well owner’. Water constraints and property right issues in the study area limit exploitation of the resources for livestock production. This paper highlights the need to integrate water development and improved livestock management in the arid and semi- arid areas to reduce poverty.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
journalArticle (original)
publication status
published
subject
keyword
Pastoralists. Rangelands. Water Scarcity. Resource Use. Kenya
journal title
JOURNAL OF HUMAN ECOLOGY (DELHI)
J. Hum. Ecol. (Delhi)
volume
35
issue
1
pages
43 - 52
ISSN
0970-9274
language
English
UGent publication?
no
classification
A2
copyright statement
I have transferred the copyright for this publication to the publisher
id
2074439
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-2074439
alternative location
http://tinyurl.com/cj9lrlt
date created
2012-03-27 10:18:12
date last changed
2018-03-26 08:18:17
@article{2074439,
  abstract     = {Understanding where pastoral livestock grazing takes place and how water availability and distribution influences resource use, is critical in planning and management of arid and semi -arid lands. This study was carried out in Mwingi and Kitui districts in Eastern Kenya. Semi-structured questionnaires were used for data collection for five months. Watering points were established through cluster sampling by considering each administrative sub- location with the help of topographical maps. Three ethnic communities, namely ,the Akamba, Oroma and Somali, utilize resources in the area. The distribution of dry season water in the area influence the distances livestock herds traveled from their homelands. There was a significant difference between number of wells and the number of households, with an overall mean number of five to eight households per well. The population of goats and camels was highest for the area, and that they walked longer and their watering frequency was low. However, diseases, predators and frequent droughts occasioned animal{\textquoteright}s losses, with goats having the highest death (6.0\%) and birth (44.8\%) rates. The dry season water availability may explain why livestock routes changed over the seasons and highlight the importance and ubiquity of common utilization of the range by these communities. Therefore, common rights of access prevail, although the control and organization of shallow wells is the responsibility of the Akamba {\textquoteleft}well owner{\textquoteright}. Water constraints and property right issues in the study area limit exploitation of the resources for livestock production. This paper highlights the need to integrate water development and improved livestock management in the arid and semi- arid areas to reduce poverty.},
  author       = {Opiyo, Francis EO and Mureithi, Stephen Mwangi and  Ngugi, Robinson K},
  issn         = {0970-9274},
  journal      = {JOURNAL OF HUMAN ECOLOGY (DELHI)},
  keyword      = {Pastoralists. Rangelands. Water Scarcity. Resource Use. Kenya},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {43--52},
  title        = {The influence of water availability on pastoralist's resource use in Mwingi and Kitui districts in Kenya},
  url          = {http://tinyurl.com/cj9lrlt},
  volume       = {35},
  year         = {2011},
}

Chicago
Opiyo, Francis EO, Stephen Mwangi Mureithi, and Robinson K Ngugi. 2011. “The Influence of Water Availability on Pastoralist’s Resource Use in Mwingi and Kitui Districts in Kenya.” Journal of Human Ecology (delhi) 35 (1): 43–52.
APA
Opiyo, F. E., Mureithi, S. M., & Ngugi, R. K. (2011). The influence of water availability on pastoralist’s resource use in Mwingi and Kitui districts in Kenya. JOURNAL OF HUMAN ECOLOGY (DELHI), 35(1), 43–52.
Vancouver
1.
Opiyo FE, Mureithi SM, Ngugi RK. The influence of water availability on pastoralist’s resource use in Mwingi and Kitui districts in Kenya. JOURNAL OF HUMAN ECOLOGY (DELHI). 2011;35(1):43–52.
MLA
Opiyo, Francis EO, Stephen Mwangi Mureithi, and Robinson K Ngugi. “The Influence of Water Availability on Pastoralist’s Resource Use in Mwingi and Kitui Districts in Kenya.” JOURNAL OF HUMAN ECOLOGY (DELHI) 35.1 (2011): 43–52. Print.