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Semivolatile behaviour and filter sampling artifacts for dicarboxylic acids during summer campaigns at three forested sites in Europe

Willy Maenhaut (UGent) , Wan Wang (UGent) and Xuguang Chi (UGent)
(2011) BOREAL ENVIRONMENT RESEARCH. 16(4). p.273-287
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Abstract
The sampling artifacts for C(2)-C(5) dicarboxylic acids (DCAs) were studied by collecting high-volume PM(2.5) samples using front and back quartz-fibre filters. The filters were analysed for carbonaceous components, and for inorganic cationic and anionic and organic anionic species. Back/front filter ratios were determined for the C(2)-C(5) DCAs, but also for methanesulphonate (MSA(-)), the various inorganic species, and the carbonaceous components. The sampling artifacts for the inorganic species were small (< 5%) with the exception of those for nitrate. The median back/front filter ratios for MSA(-) and the C(2)-C(5)DCAs increased in the following order: oxalate (1.5%)-succinate (3%)-MSA(-) (4%)-malonate (2%-9%)-glutarate (7%-26%). Most of these ratios are smaller than those that were obtained for organic carbon, total carbon, and especially water-soluble organic carbon. Our back/front ratios for the C(2)-C(5) DCAs are lower to much lower than those found in other studies.
Keywords
ORGANIC-CARBON, CHEMICAL-COMPOSITION, RURAL BACKGROUND SITE, ELEMENTAL CARBON CONCENTRATIONS, ATMOSPHERIC AEROSOL, VAPOR-PRESSURES, BOREAL FOREST, K-PUSZTA, HUNGARY, IDENTIFICATION

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Chicago
Maenhaut, Willy, Wan Wang, and Xuguang Chi. 2011. “Semivolatile Behaviour and Filter Sampling Artifacts for Dicarboxylic Acids During Summer Campaigns at Three Forested Sites in Europe.” Boreal Environment Research 16 (4): 273–287.
APA
Maenhaut, W., Wang, W., & Chi, X. (2011). Semivolatile behaviour and filter sampling artifacts for dicarboxylic acids during summer campaigns at three forested sites in Europe. BOREAL ENVIRONMENT RESEARCH, 16(4), 273–287.
Vancouver
1.
Maenhaut W, Wang W, Chi X. Semivolatile behaviour and filter sampling artifacts for dicarboxylic acids during summer campaigns at three forested sites in Europe. BOREAL ENVIRONMENT RESEARCH. 2011;16(4):273–87.
MLA
Maenhaut, Willy, Wan Wang, and Xuguang Chi. “Semivolatile Behaviour and Filter Sampling Artifacts for Dicarboxylic Acids During Summer Campaigns at Three Forested Sites in Europe.” BOREAL ENVIRONMENT RESEARCH 16.4 (2011): 273–287. Print.
@article{2073695,
  abstract     = {The sampling artifacts for C(2)-C(5) dicarboxylic acids (DCAs) were studied by collecting high-volume PM(2.5) samples using front and back quartz-fibre filters. The filters were analysed for carbonaceous components, and for inorganic cationic and anionic and organic anionic species. Back/front filter ratios were determined for the C(2)-C(5) DCAs, but also for methanesulphonate (MSA(-)), the various inorganic species, and the carbonaceous components. The sampling artifacts for the inorganic species were small ({\textlangle} 5\%) with the exception of those for nitrate. The median back/front filter ratios for MSA(-) and the C(2)-C(5)DCAs increased in the following order: oxalate (1.5\%)-succinate (3\%)-MSA(-) (4\%)-malonate (2\%-9\%)-glutarate (7\%-26\%). Most of these ratios are smaller than those that were obtained for organic carbon, total carbon, and especially water-soluble organic carbon. Our back/front ratios for the C(2)-C(5) DCAs are lower to much lower than those found in other studies.},
  author       = {Maenhaut, Willy and Wang, Wan and Chi, Xuguang},
  issn         = {1239-6095},
  journal      = {BOREAL ENVIRONMENT RESEARCH},
  keyword      = {ORGANIC-CARBON,CHEMICAL-COMPOSITION,RURAL BACKGROUND SITE,ELEMENTAL CARBON CONCENTRATIONS,ATMOSPHERIC AEROSOL,VAPOR-PRESSURES,BOREAL FOREST,K-PUSZTA,HUNGARY,IDENTIFICATION},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {4},
  pages        = {273--287},
  title        = {Semivolatile behaviour and filter sampling artifacts for dicarboxylic acids during summer campaigns at three forested sites in Europe},
  url          = {http://www.borenv.net/BER/pdfs/ber16/ber16-273.pdf},
  volume       = {16},
  year         = {2011},
}

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