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Child's and parent's catastrophizing about pain is associated with procedural fear in children: a study in children with diabetes and their mothers

Tine Vervoort (UGent) , Liesbet Goubert (UGent) , Heidi Vandenbossche, Sara Van Aken (UGent) , Dirk Matthys (UGent) and Geert Crombez (UGent)
(2011) PSYCHOLOGICAL REPORTS. 109(3). p.879-895
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Abstract
The contribution of the child's and parents' catastrophizing about pain was explored in explaining procedural pain and fear in children. Procedural fear and pain were investigated in 44 children with Type I diabetes undergoing a finger prick. The relationships between parents' catastrophizing and parents' own fear and estimates of their child's pain were also investigated. The children and their mothers completed questionnaires prior to a routine consultation with the diabetes physician. Children completed a situation-specific measure of the Pain Catastrophizing Scale for Children (PCS-C) and provided ratings of their experienced pain and fear on a 0-10 numerical rating scale (NRS). Parents completed a situation-specific measure of the Pain Catastrophizing Scale For Parents (PCS-P) and provided estimates of their child's pain and their own experienced fear on a 0-10 NRS. Analyses indicated that higher catastrophizing by children was associated with more fear and pain during the finger prick. Scores for parents' catastrophizing about their children's pain were positively related to parents' scores for their own fear, estimates of their children's pain, and child-reported fear, but not the amount of pain reported by the child. The findings attest to the importance of assessing for and targeting child and parents' catastrophizing about pain. Addressing catastrophizing and related fears and concerns of both parents and children may be necessary to assure appropriate self-management. Further investigation of the mechanisms relating catastrophizing to deleterious outcomes is warranted.
Keywords
DISTRESS, ATTENTION, RESPONSES, SCHOOL-CHILDREN, PEDIATRIC-PATIENTS, THINKING, ANXIETY, QUESTIONNAIRE, VALIDATION, PERSPECTIVES

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Chicago
Vervoort, Tine, Liesbet Goubert, Heidi Vandenbossche, Sara Van Aken, Dirk Matthys, and Geert Crombez. 2011. “Child’s and Parent's Catastrophizing About Pain Is Associated with Procedural Fear in Children: a Study in Children with Diabetes and Their Mothers.” Psychological Reports 109 (3): 879–895.
APA
Vervoort, T., Goubert, L., Vandenbossche, H., Van Aken, S., Matthys, D., & Crombez, G. (2011). Child’s and parent's catastrophizing about pain is associated with procedural fear in children: a study in children with diabetes and their mothers. PSYCHOLOGICAL REPORTS, 109(3), 879–895.
Vancouver
1.
Vervoort T, Goubert L, Vandenbossche H, Van Aken S, Matthys D, Crombez G. Child’s and parent's catastrophizing about pain is associated with procedural fear in children: a study in children with diabetes and their mothers. PSYCHOLOGICAL REPORTS. 2011;109(3):879–95.
MLA
Vervoort, Tine, Liesbet Goubert, Heidi Vandenbossche, et al. “Child’s and Parent's Catastrophizing About Pain Is Associated with Procedural Fear in Children: a Study in Children with Diabetes and Their Mothers.” PSYCHOLOGICAL REPORTS 109.3 (2011): 879–895. Print.
@article{2072020,
  abstract     = {The contribution of the child's and parents' catastrophizing about pain was explored in explaining procedural pain and fear in children. Procedural fear and pain were investigated in 44 children with Type I diabetes undergoing a finger prick. The relationships between parents' catastrophizing and parents' own fear and estimates of their child's pain were also investigated. The children and their mothers completed questionnaires prior to a routine consultation with the diabetes physician. Children completed a situation-specific measure of the Pain Catastrophizing Scale for Children (PCS-C) and provided ratings of their experienced pain and fear on a 0-10 numerical rating scale (NRS). Parents completed a situation-specific measure of the Pain Catastrophizing Scale For Parents (PCS-P) and provided estimates of their child's pain and their own experienced fear on a 0-10 NRS. Analyses indicated that higher catastrophizing by children was associated with more fear and pain during the finger prick. Scores for parents' catastrophizing about their children's pain were positively related to parents' scores for their own fear, estimates of their children's pain, and child-reported fear, but not the amount of pain reported by the child. The findings attest to the importance of assessing for and targeting child and parents' catastrophizing about pain. Addressing catastrophizing and related fears and concerns of both parents and children may be necessary to assure appropriate self-management. Further investigation of the mechanisms relating catastrophizing to deleterious outcomes is warranted.},
  author       = {Vervoort, Tine and Goubert, Liesbet and Vandenbossche, Heidi and Van Aken, Sara and Matthys, Dirk and Crombez, Geert},
  issn         = {0033-2941},
  journal      = {PSYCHOLOGICAL REPORTS},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {3},
  pages        = {879--895},
  title        = {Child's and parent's catastrophizing about pain is associated with procedural fear in children: a study in children with diabetes and their mothers},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.2466/07.15.16.21.PR0.109.6.879-895},
  volume       = {109},
  year         = {2011},
}

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