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The influence of environmental changes on local and regional vegetation patterns at Rieme (NW Belgium): implications for final palaeolithic habitation

Johanna Bos, Frederike Verbruggen, Stefan Engels and Philippe Crombé UGent (2013) VEGETATION HISTORY AND ARCHAEOBOTANY. 22(1). p.17-38
abstract
Late-glacial vegetation changes were studied at Rieme, NW Belgium. Human occupation of this cover sand area occurred from the Final Palaeolithic onwards. The research area is situated on the northern side of a large cover sand ridge in an undulating landscape with small ridges and depressions. The past landscape was reconstructed using a multi-disciplinary approach, including geomorphological, sedimentological, loss-on-ignition, botanical (micro- and macrofossil) and zoological analyses. AMS C-14 dating provided an accurate chronology for the sediments. Analyses were performed on three sequences located 200-300 m apart. Our study shows that during the Bolling (GI-1e) wet meadows developed on the sandy soils and groundwater levels increased probably as result of permafrost melting. Shallow pools formed in depressions. During the Older Dryas (GI-1d) shrubs with juniper, sea-buckthorn and willow developed. Many shallow depressions were overblown with sand and deposition of organic material almost ceased. In the early Allerod (GI-1c) open birch woodlands developed. Due to the final melting of permafrost, groundwater levels rose further and ponds with floating-leaved open water vegetation developed. Large water level fluctuations occurred in one of the ponds. Accumulation of organic deposits ceased during the mid-Allerod. Indirect evidence for human occupation during the Allerod (GI-1c) was found in indications of burning of the reed-swamps in combination with the presence of large herbivores. Final Palaeolithic people probably used the northern side of the cover sand ridge as hunting area, while they settled their temporary (base) camps on the steep southern side along the extensive and deeper Moervaart lake.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
journalArticle (original)
publication status
published
subject
keyword
Lake-level fluctuations, Climate change, Late-glacial, Multi-proxy, Macroremains, Pollen, Chironomids, LOI, Small-scale vegetation patterns, LAKE-LEVEL FLUCTUATIONS, NORTH-ATLANTIC REGION, LAST TERMINATION, SOUTHERN NETHERLANDS, HOLOCENE TRANSITION, INTIMATE GROUP, POLLEN, RECONSTRUCTION, STRATIGRAPHY, RECORDS
journal title
VEGETATION HISTORY AND ARCHAEOBOTANY
Veg. Hist. Archaeobot.
volume
22
issue
1
pages
17 - 38
Web of Science type
Article
Web of Science id
000312059400002
JCR category
PALEONTOLOGY
JCR impact factor
2.061 (2013)
JCR rank
8/49 (2013)
JCR quartile
1 (2013)
ISSN
0939-6314
DOI
10.1007/s00334-012-0356-0
language
English
UGent publication?
yes
classification
A1
copyright statement
I have transferred the copyright for this publication to the publisher
id
2069891
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-2069891
date created
2012-03-20 11:03:13
date last changed
2014-04-17 10:20:32
@article{2069891,
  abstract     = {Late-glacial vegetation changes were studied at Rieme, NW Belgium. Human occupation of this cover sand area occurred from the Final Palaeolithic onwards. The research area is situated on the northern side of a large cover sand ridge in an undulating landscape with small ridges and depressions. The past landscape was reconstructed using a multi-disciplinary approach, including geomorphological, sedimentological, loss-on-ignition, botanical (micro- and macrofossil) and zoological analyses. AMS C-14 dating provided an accurate chronology for the sediments. Analyses were performed on three sequences located 200-300 m apart. Our study shows that during the Bolling (GI-1e) wet meadows developed on the sandy soils and groundwater levels increased probably as result of permafrost melting. Shallow pools formed in depressions. During the Older Dryas (GI-1d) shrubs with juniper, sea-buckthorn and willow developed. Many shallow depressions were overblown with sand and deposition of organic material almost ceased. In the early Allerod (GI-1c) open birch woodlands developed. Due to the final melting of permafrost, groundwater levels rose further and ponds with floating-leaved open water vegetation developed. Large water level fluctuations occurred in one of the ponds. Accumulation of organic deposits ceased during the mid-Allerod. Indirect evidence for human occupation during the Allerod (GI-1c) was found in indications of burning of the reed-swamps in combination with the presence of large herbivores. Final Palaeolithic people probably used the northern side of the cover sand ridge as hunting area, while they settled their temporary (base) camps on the steep southern side along the extensive and deeper Moervaart lake.},
  author       = {Bos, Johanna and Verbruggen, Frederike and Engels, Stefan and Cromb{\'e}, Philippe},
  issn         = {0939-6314},
  journal      = {VEGETATION HISTORY AND ARCHAEOBOTANY},
  keyword      = {Lake-level fluctuations,Climate change,Late-glacial,Multi-proxy,Macroremains,Pollen,Chironomids,LOI,Small-scale vegetation patterns,LAKE-LEVEL FLUCTUATIONS,NORTH-ATLANTIC REGION,LAST TERMINATION,SOUTHERN NETHERLANDS,HOLOCENE TRANSITION,INTIMATE GROUP,POLLEN,RECONSTRUCTION,STRATIGRAPHY,RECORDS},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {17--38},
  title        = {The influence of environmental changes on local and regional vegetation patterns at Rieme (NW Belgium): implications for final palaeolithic habitation},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00334-012-0356-0},
  volume       = {22},
  year         = {2013},
}

Chicago
Bos, Johanna, Frederike Verbruggen, Stefan Engels, and Philippe Crombé. 2013. “The Influence of Environmental Changes on Local and Regional Vegetation Patterns at Rieme (NW Belgium): Implications for Final Palaeolithic Habitation.” Vegetation History and Archaeobotany 22 (1): 17–38.
APA
Bos, Johanna, Verbruggen, F., Engels, S., & Crombé, P. (2013). The influence of environmental changes on local and regional vegetation patterns at Rieme (NW Belgium): implications for final palaeolithic habitation. VEGETATION HISTORY AND ARCHAEOBOTANY, 22(1), 17–38.
Vancouver
1.
Bos J, Verbruggen F, Engels S, Crombé P. The influence of environmental changes on local and regional vegetation patterns at Rieme (NW Belgium): implications for final palaeolithic habitation. VEGETATION HISTORY AND ARCHAEOBOTANY. 2013;22(1):17–38.
MLA
Bos, Johanna, Frederike Verbruggen, Stefan Engels, et al. “The Influence of Environmental Changes on Local and Regional Vegetation Patterns at Rieme (NW Belgium): Implications for Final Palaeolithic Habitation.” VEGETATION HISTORY AND ARCHAEOBOTANY 22.1 (2013): 17–38. Print.