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Socio-economic and ethnic inequalities in social capital from the family among labour market entrants

(2013) EUROPEAN SOCIOLOGICAL REVIEW. 29(4). p.683-694
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Abstract
This study investigates how the socio-economic positions of the parents shape the access to social capital of their children. We examine the influence of three parental socio-economic positions on the access to three job-finding resources from the family among labour market entrants. In addition, we examine how ethnic differences in family social capital are rooted in the unequal socio-economic positions of different ethnic categories. For these purposes, we collected data from 2,176 labour market entrants in Belgium and designed an instrument to measure three types of job-finding resources: labour market information, job information, and encouragement to search for a job. Moreover, we used a multidimensional perspective on social stratification by examining the educational levels, the social class positions, and the employment statuses of the parents. Our results show substantial socio-economic inequalities in family social capital: labour market entrants whose parents are higher educated, employed and/or from the service class have more access to job-finding resources from the family. Moreover, ethnic minorities in Belgium, especially the Turks, Moroccans, and Balkans, have less access to job-finding resources from the family than natives. These findings demonstrate the powerful interplay of parental socio-ethnic influences in shaping inequalities in social capital. Moreover, it is the first crucial step to establish how socio-economic inequalities are reproduced over generations through the functioning of social capital.
Keywords
Labour markent entry, Resource Generator, Family networks, Social capital, Social networks, Ethnic inequalities, Belgium, Turks, Balkan, Moroccans, Socio-Economic inequalities, OCCUPATIONAL-STATUS, STATUS ATTAINMENT, NETWORKS, RESOURCES, MOBILITY, OUTCOMES, TIES

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Chicago
Verhaeghe, Pieter-Paul, Yaojun Li, and Bart Van de Putte. 2013. “Socio-economic and Ethnic Inequalities in Social Capital from the Family Among Labour Market Entrants.” European Sociological Review 29 (4): 683–694.
APA
Verhaeghe, P.-P., Li, Y., & Van de Putte, B. (2013). Socio-economic and ethnic inequalities in social capital from the family among labour market entrants. EUROPEAN SOCIOLOGICAL REVIEW, 29(4), 683–694.
Vancouver
1.
Verhaeghe P-P, Li Y, Van de Putte B. Socio-economic and ethnic inequalities in social capital from the family among labour market entrants. EUROPEAN SOCIOLOGICAL REVIEW. 2013;29(4):683–94.
MLA
Verhaeghe, Pieter-Paul, Yaojun Li, and Bart Van de Putte. “Socio-economic and Ethnic Inequalities in Social Capital from the Family Among Labour Market Entrants.” EUROPEAN SOCIOLOGICAL REVIEW 29.4 (2013): 683–694. Print.
@article{2068274,
  abstract     = {This study investigates how the socio-economic positions of the parents shape the access to social capital of their children. We examine the influence of three parental socio-economic positions on the access to three job-finding resources from the family among labour market entrants. In addition, we examine how ethnic differences in family social capital are rooted in the unequal socio-economic positions of different ethnic categories. For these purposes, we collected data from 2,176 labour market entrants in Belgium and designed an instrument to measure three types of job-finding resources: labour market information, job information, and encouragement to search for a job. Moreover, we used a multidimensional perspective on social stratification by examining the educational levels, the social class positions, and the employment statuses of the parents. Our results show substantial socio-economic inequalities in family social capital: labour market entrants whose parents are higher educated, employed and/or from the service class have more access to job-finding resources from the family. Moreover, ethnic minorities in Belgium, especially the Turks, Moroccans, and Balkans, have less access to job-finding resources from the family than natives. These findings demonstrate the powerful interplay of parental socio-ethnic influences in shaping inequalities in social capital. Moreover, it is the first crucial step to establish how socio-economic inequalities are reproduced over generations through the functioning of social capital.},
  author       = {Verhaeghe, Pieter-Paul and Li, Yaojun and Van de Putte, Bart},
  issn         = {0266-7215},
  journal      = {EUROPEAN SOCIOLOGICAL REVIEW},
  keyword      = {Labour markent entry,Resource Generator,Family networks,Social capital,Social networks,Ethnic inequalities,Belgium,Turks,Balkan,Moroccans,Socio-Economic inequalities,OCCUPATIONAL-STATUS,STATUS ATTAINMENT,NETWORKS,RESOURCES,MOBILITY,OUTCOMES,TIES},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {4},
  pages        = {683--694},
  title        = {Socio-economic and ethnic inequalities in social capital from the family among labour market entrants},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/esr/jcs047},
  volume       = {29},
  year         = {2013},
}

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