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Does country-context matter?: a cross-national analysis of gender and leisure time physical inactivity in Europe

Charlotte Van Tuyckom UGent, Sarah Van de Velde UGent and Piet Bracke UGent (2013) EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PUBLIC HEALTH. 23(3). p.452-457
abstract
Background: It is well known that European women are less physically active in their leisure time than European men. Attempts to explain this gender difference often do not succeed in raising the problem above the individual level. However, the size of the disadvantage for women varies considerably across countries, proving that leisure time physical (in)activity takes place in a broader societal context and must also be approached as such. In this sense, some authors have explained women's lack of leisure time physical activity in terms of gendered power relations in society. Therefore, the present article postulates that over and above the individual effect of gender, there is an additional impact of a society's gender-based (in)equality distribution. Methods: By means of the 2005 Eurobarometer survey (comprising 25 745 adults from 27 European countries), gender differences in leisure time physical inactivity (LTPI) were analysed by means of multilevel logistic regression analysis. National gender-based (in)equality was measured by the Gender Empowerment Measure and the Gender Gap Index. Results: Controlled for compositional effects, gender differences in LTPI varied as a function of gender-related characteristics at the macro-level. In particular, in countries characterized by high levels of gender-based equality, LTPI differences between men and women even disappeared. Conclusion: The findings underscore the need to adopt a society-level approach and to incorporate socio-contextual factors in the study of gender disparities in LTPI.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
journalArticle (original)
publication status
published
subject
keyword
MULTILEVEL ANALYSIS, STRATIFICATION, UNION
journal title
EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PUBLIC HEALTH
Eur. J. Public Health
volume
23
issue
3
pages
452 - 457
Web of Science type
Article
Web of Science id
000319468600024
JCR category
PUBLIC, ENVIRONMENTAL & OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH
JCR impact factor
2.459 (2013)
JCR rank
49/162 (2013)
JCR quartile
2 (2013)
ISSN
1101-1262
DOI
10.1093/eurpub/cks009
language
English
UGent publication?
yes
classification
A1
copyright statement
I have transferred the copyright for this publication to the publisher
id
2056269
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-2056269
date created
2012-03-02 08:27:28
date last changed
2015-06-17 09:59:04
@article{2056269,
  abstract     = {Background: It is well known that European women are less physically active in their leisure time than European men. Attempts to explain this gender difference often do not succeed in raising the problem above the individual level. However, the size of the disadvantage for women varies considerably across countries, proving that leisure time physical (in)activity takes place in a broader societal context and must also be approached as such. In this sense, some authors have explained women's lack of leisure time physical activity in terms of gendered power relations in society. Therefore, the present article postulates that over and above the individual effect of gender, there is an additional impact of a society's gender-based (in)equality distribution.
Methods: By means of the 2005 Eurobarometer survey (comprising 25 745 adults from 27 European countries), gender differences in leisure time physical inactivity (LTPI) were analysed by means of multilevel logistic regression analysis. National gender-based (in)equality was measured by the Gender Empowerment Measure and the Gender Gap Index.
Results: Controlled for compositional effects, gender differences in LTPI varied as a function of gender-related characteristics at the macro-level. In particular, in countries characterized by high levels of gender-based equality, LTPI differences between men and women even disappeared.
Conclusion: The findings underscore the need to adopt a society-level approach and to incorporate socio-contextual factors in the study of gender disparities in LTPI.},
  author       = {Van Tuyckom, Charlotte and Van de Velde, Sarah and Bracke, Piet},
  issn         = {1101-1262},
  journal      = {EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PUBLIC HEALTH},
  keyword      = {MULTILEVEL ANALYSIS,STRATIFICATION,UNION},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {3},
  pages        = {452--457},
  title        = {Does country-context matter?: a cross-national analysis of gender and leisure time physical inactivity in Europe},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/eurpub/cks009},
  volume       = {23},
  year         = {2013},
}

Chicago
Van Tuyckom, Charlotte, Sarah Van de Velde, and Piet Bracke. 2013. “Does Country-context Matter?: a Cross-national Analysis of Gender and Leisure Time Physical Inactivity in Europe.” European Journal of Public Health 23 (3): 452–457.
APA
Van Tuyckom, C., Van de Velde, S., & Bracke, P. (2013). Does country-context matter?: a cross-national analysis of gender and leisure time physical inactivity in Europe. EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PUBLIC HEALTH, 23(3), 452–457.
Vancouver
1.
Van Tuyckom C, Van de Velde S, Bracke P. Does country-context matter?: a cross-national analysis of gender and leisure time physical inactivity in Europe. EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PUBLIC HEALTH. 2013;23(3):452–7.
MLA
Van Tuyckom, Charlotte, Sarah Van de Velde, and Piet Bracke. “Does Country-context Matter?: a Cross-national Analysis of Gender and Leisure Time Physical Inactivity in Europe.” EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PUBLIC HEALTH 23.3 (2013): 452–457. Print.