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The tonsils revisited: review of the anatomical localization and histological characteristics of the tonsils of domestic and laboratory animals

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Abstract
This paper gives an overview of the anatomical localization and histological characteristics of the tonsils that are present in ten conventional domestic animal species, including the sheep, goat, ox, pig, horse, dog, cat, rabbit, rat, and pigeon. Anatomical macrographs and histological images of the tonsils are shown. Six tonsils can be present in domestic animals, that is, the lingual, palatine, paraepiglottic, pharyngeal, and tubal tonsils and the tonsil of the soft palate. Only in the sheep and goat, all six tonsils are present. Proper tonsils are absent in the rat, and pigeon. In the rabbit, only the palatine tonsils can be noticed, whereas the pig does not present palatine tonsils. The paraepiglottic tonsils lack in the ox, horse, and dog. In addition, the dog and cat are devoid of the tubal tonsil and the tonsil of the soft palate.
Keywords
TERMINOLOGY, LYMPHOID-TISSUE, IMMUNOLOGY, INDUCTION, RESPONSES, IMMUNITY, NOSE

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Chicago
Casteleyn, Christophe, Sofie Breugelmans, Paul Simoens, and Wim Van Den Broeck. 2011. “The Tonsils Revisited: Review of the Anatomical Localization and Histological Characteristics of the Tonsils of Domestic and Laboratory Animals.” Clinical & Developmental Immunology 2011.
APA
Casteleyn, C., Breugelmans, S., Simoens, P., & Van Den Broeck, W. (2011). The tonsils revisited: review of the anatomical localization and histological characteristics of the tonsils of domestic and laboratory animals. CLINICAL & DEVELOPMENTAL IMMUNOLOGY, 2011.
Vancouver
1.
Casteleyn C, Breugelmans S, Simoens P, Van Den Broeck W. The tonsils revisited: review of the anatomical localization and histological characteristics of the tonsils of domestic and laboratory animals. CLINICAL & DEVELOPMENTAL IMMUNOLOGY. 2011;2011.
MLA
Casteleyn, Christophe, Sofie Breugelmans, Paul Simoens, et al. “The Tonsils Revisited: Review of the Anatomical Localization and Histological Characteristics of the Tonsils of Domestic and Laboratory Animals.” CLINICAL & DEVELOPMENTAL IMMUNOLOGY 2011 (2011): n. pag. Print.
@article{2048042,
  abstract     = {This paper gives an overview of the anatomical localization and histological characteristics of the tonsils that are present in ten conventional domestic animal species, including the sheep, goat, ox, pig, horse, dog, cat, rabbit, rat, and pigeon. Anatomical macrographs and histological images of the tonsils are shown. Six tonsils can be present in domestic animals, that is, the lingual, palatine, paraepiglottic, pharyngeal, and tubal tonsils and the tonsil of the soft palate. Only in the sheep and goat, all six tonsils are present. Proper tonsils are absent in the rat, and pigeon. In the rabbit, only the palatine tonsils can be noticed, whereas the pig does not present palatine tonsils. The paraepiglottic tonsils lack in the ox, horse, and dog. In addition, the dog and cat are devoid of the tubal tonsil and the tonsil of the soft palate.},
  articleno    = {472460},
  author       = {Casteleyn, Christophe and Breugelmans, Sofie and Simoens, Paul and Van Den Broeck, Wim},
  issn         = {1740-2522},
  journal      = {CLINICAL \& DEVELOPMENTAL IMMUNOLOGY},
  keyword      = {TERMINOLOGY,LYMPHOID-TISSUE,IMMUNOLOGY,INDUCTION,RESPONSES,IMMUNITY,NOSE},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {14},
  title        = {The tonsils revisited: review of the anatomical localization and histological characteristics of the tonsils of domestic and laboratory animals},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2011/472460},
  volume       = {2011},
  year         = {2011},
}

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