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Risk assessment and management of Chlamydia psittaci in poultry processing plants

(2012) ANNALS OF OCCUPATIONAL HYGIENE. 56(3). p.340-349
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Abstract
Chlamydia psittaci causes respiratory disease in poultry and can be transmitted to humans. Historical outbreaks of psittacosis in poultry workers indicated the need for higher awareness and an efficient risk assessment and management. This group reviewed relevant previous research, practical guidelines, and European directives. Subsequently, basic suggestions were made on how to assess and manage the risk of psittacosis in poultry processing plants based on a classical four-step approach. Collective and personal protective measures as well as the role of occupational medicine are described. Despite the finding that exposure is found in every branch, abattoir workstations seem to be associated with the highest prevalence of psittacosis. Complete eradication is difficult to achieve. Ventilation, cleaning, hand hygiene, and personal protective equipment are the most important protective measures to limit and control exposure to C. psittaci. Adequate information, communication, and health surveillance belong to the responsibilities of the occupational physician. Future challenges lay in the rigorous reporting of infections in both poultry and poultry workers and in the development of an avian and human vaccine.
Keywords
Chlamydia psittaci, poultry, psittacosis, occupational exposure, risk analysis, CHLAMYDOPHILA-PSITTACI, TRANSMISSION, OUTBREAK, INFECTIONS, TURKEYS, SAMPLES

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Chicago
Deschuyffeleer, Thomas PG, Laurens FV Tyberghien, Veerle Dickx, Tom Geens, Jacques MMM Saelen, Daisy Vanrompay, and Lutgart Braeckman. 2012. “Risk Assessment and Management of Chlamydia Psittaci in Poultry Processing Plants.” Annals of Occupational Hygiene 56 (3): 340–349.
APA
Deschuyffeleer, T. P., Tyberghien, L. F., Dickx, V., Geens, T., Saelen, J. M., Vanrompay, D., & Braeckman, L. (2012). Risk assessment and management of Chlamydia psittaci in poultry processing plants. ANNALS OF OCCUPATIONAL HYGIENE, 56(3), 340–349.
Vancouver
1.
Deschuyffeleer TP, Tyberghien LF, Dickx V, Geens T, Saelen JM, Vanrompay D, et al. Risk assessment and management of Chlamydia psittaci in poultry processing plants. ANNALS OF OCCUPATIONAL HYGIENE. 2012;56(3):340–9.
MLA
Deschuyffeleer, Thomas PG, Laurens FV Tyberghien, Veerle Dickx, et al. “Risk Assessment and Management of Chlamydia Psittaci in Poultry Processing Plants.” ANNALS OF OCCUPATIONAL HYGIENE 56.3 (2012): 340–349. Print.
@article{2041337,
  abstract     = {Chlamydia psittaci causes respiratory disease in poultry and can be transmitted to humans. Historical outbreaks of psittacosis in poultry workers indicated the need for higher awareness and an efficient risk assessment and management. This group reviewed relevant previous research, practical guidelines, and European directives. Subsequently, basic suggestions were made on how to assess and manage the risk of psittacosis in poultry processing plants based on a classical four-step approach. Collective and personal protective measures as well as the role of occupational medicine are described. Despite the finding that exposure is found in every branch, abattoir workstations seem to be associated with the highest prevalence of psittacosis. Complete eradication is difficult to achieve. Ventilation, cleaning, hand hygiene, and personal protective equipment are the most important protective measures to limit and control exposure to C. psittaci. Adequate information, communication, and health surveillance belong to the responsibilities of the occupational physician. Future challenges lay in the rigorous reporting of infections in both poultry and poultry workers and in the development of an avian and human vaccine.},
  author       = {Deschuyffeleer, Thomas PG and Tyberghien, Laurens FV and Dickx, Veerle and Geens, Tom and Saelen, Jacques MMM and Vanrompay, Daisy and Braeckman, Lutgart},
  issn         = {0003-4878},
  journal      = {ANNALS OF OCCUPATIONAL HYGIENE},
  keyword      = {Chlamydia psittaci,poultry,psittacosis,occupational exposure,risk analysis,CHLAMYDOPHILA-PSITTACI,TRANSMISSION,OUTBREAK,INFECTIONS,TURKEYS,SAMPLES},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {3},
  pages        = {340--349},
  title        = {Risk assessment and management of Chlamydia psittaci in poultry processing plants},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/annhyg/mer102},
  volume       = {56},
  year         = {2012},
}

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