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Feeding cells induced by phytoparasitic nematodes require γ-tubulin ring complex for microtubule reorganization

(2011) PLOS PATHOGENS. 7(12).
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Abstract
Reorganization of the microtubule network is important for the fast isodiametric expansion of giant-feeding cells induced by root-knot nematodes. The efficiency of microtubule reorganization depends on the nucleation of new microtubules, their elongation rate and activity of microtubule severing factors. New microtubules in plants are nucleated by cytoplasmic or microtubule-bound gamma-tubulin ring complexes. Here we investigate the requirement of gamma-tubulin complexes for giant feeding cells development using the interaction between Arabidopsis and Meloidogyne spp. as a model system. Immunocytochemical analyses demonstrate that gamma-tubulin localizes to both cortical cytoplasm and mitotic microtubule arrays of the giant cells where it can associate with microtubules. The transcripts of two Arabidopsis gamma-tubulin (TUBG1 and TUBG2) and two gamma-tubulin complex proteins genes (GCP3 and GCP4) are upregulated in galls. Electron microscopy demonstrates association of GCP3 and gamma-tubulin as part of a complex in the cytoplasm of giant cells. Knockout of either or both c-tubulin genes results in the gene dose-dependent alteration of the morphology of feeding site and failure of nematode life cycle completion. We conclude that the gamma-tubulin complex is essential for the control of microtubular network remodelling in the course of initiation and development of giant-feeding cells, and for the successful reproduction of nematodes in their plant hosts.
Keywords
MITOTIC SPINDLE FORMATION, ARABIDOPSIS-THALIANA, HIGHER-PLANTS, GIANT-CELLS, SACCHAROMYCES-CEREVISIAE, CORTICAL MICROTUBULES, ASPERGILLUS-NIDULANS, MELOIDOGYNE-INCOGNITA, CYCLE PROGRESSION, PARASITIC NEMATODES

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Citation

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Chicago
Banora, Mohamed Youssef, Natalia Rodiuc, Fabien Baldacci-Cresp, Andrei Smertenko, Teresa Bleve-Zacheo, Maria Teresa Mellilo, Mansour Karimi, et al. 2011. “Feeding Cells Induced by Phytoparasitic Nematodes Require Γ-tubulin Ring Complex for Microtubule Reorganization.” Plos Pathogens 7 (12).
APA
Banora, M. Y., Rodiuc, N., Baldacci-Cresp, F., Smertenko, A., Bleve-Zacheo, T., Mellilo, M. T., Karimi, M., et al. (2011). Feeding cells induced by phytoparasitic nematodes require γ-tubulin ring complex for microtubule reorganization. PLOS PATHOGENS, 7(12).
Vancouver
1.
Banora MY, Rodiuc N, Baldacci-Cresp F, Smertenko A, Bleve-Zacheo T, Mellilo MT, et al. Feeding cells induced by phytoparasitic nematodes require γ-tubulin ring complex for microtubule reorganization. PLOS PATHOGENS. 2011;7(12).
MLA
Banora, Mohamed Youssef, Natalia Rodiuc, Fabien Baldacci-Cresp, et al. “Feeding Cells Induced by Phytoparasitic Nematodes Require Γ-tubulin Ring Complex for Microtubule Reorganization.” PLOS PATHOGENS 7.12 (2011): n. pag. Print.
@article{2041223,
  abstract     = {Reorganization of the microtubule network is important for the fast isodiametric expansion of giant-feeding cells induced by root-knot nematodes. The efficiency of microtubule reorganization depends on the nucleation of new microtubules, their elongation rate and activity of microtubule severing factors. New microtubules in plants are nucleated by cytoplasmic or microtubule-bound gamma-tubulin ring complexes. Here we investigate the requirement of gamma-tubulin complexes for giant feeding cells development using the interaction between Arabidopsis and Meloidogyne spp. as a model system. Immunocytochemical analyses demonstrate that gamma-tubulin localizes to both cortical cytoplasm and mitotic microtubule arrays of the giant cells where it can associate with microtubules. The transcripts of two Arabidopsis gamma-tubulin (TUBG1 and TUBG2) and two gamma-tubulin complex proteins genes (GCP3 and GCP4) are upregulated in galls. Electron microscopy demonstrates association of GCP3 and gamma-tubulin as part of a complex in the cytoplasm of giant cells. Knockout of either or both c-tubulin genes results in the gene dose-dependent alteration of the morphology of feeding site and failure of nematode life cycle completion. We conclude that the gamma-tubulin complex is essential for the control of microtubular network remodelling in the course of initiation and development of giant-feeding cells, and for the successful reproduction of nematodes in their plant hosts.},
  articleno    = {e1002343},
  author       = {Banora, Mohamed Youssef and Rodiuc, Natalia and Baldacci-Cresp, Fabien and Smertenko, Andrei and Bleve-Zacheo, Teresa and Mellilo, Maria Teresa and Karimi, Mansour and Hilson, Pierre and Evrard, Jean-Luc and Favery, Bruno and Engler, Gilbert and Abad, Pierre and de Almeida Engler, Janice},
  issn         = {1553-7366},
  journal      = {PLOS PATHOGENS},
  keyword      = {MITOTIC SPINDLE FORMATION,ARABIDOPSIS-THALIANA,HIGHER-PLANTS,GIANT-CELLS,SACCHAROMYCES-CEREVISIAE,CORTICAL MICROTUBULES,ASPERGILLUS-NIDULANS,MELOIDOGYNE-INCOGNITA,CYCLE PROGRESSION,PARASITIC NEMATODES},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {12},
  pages        = {16},
  title        = {Feeding cells induced by phytoparasitic nematodes require \ensuremath{\gamma}-tubulin ring complex for microtubule reorganization},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.ppat.1002343},
  volume       = {7},
  year         = {2011},
}

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