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Genetic engineering of oxidative stress resistance in higher plants

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Abstract
Many environmental conditions induce an oxidative stress in plant cells by the generation of abnormal concentrations of reactive-oxygen intermediates (ROI) such as superoxide radicals, hydrogen peroxide and hydroxyl radicals. To protect themselves against these potentially damaging molecules, plants have evolved several enzymic mechanisms including superoxide dismutases (SODs), peroxidases and catalases. Recent molecular studies in Nicotiana species showed that the genes coding for the different ROI-scavenging enzymes are differentially regulated in response to environmental stress. Transgenic plants which overexpressed SOD genes in chloroplasts are more tolerant to treatment with the superoxide-generating herbicide paraquat and to ozone fumigation. Strategies to engineer plants with high resistance to oxidative stress are discussed.
Keywords
ESCHERICHIA-COLI, ASCORBATE PEROXIDASE, CATALASE CDNA, CONYZA-BONARIENSIS, PARAQUAT RESISTANCE, ARABIDOPSIS-THALIANA, GLUTATHIONE-PEROXIDASE, MOLECULAR-CLONING, MANGANESE SUPEROXIDE-DISMUTASE, NUCLEOTIDE-SEQUENCE

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Chicago
Hérouart, Didier, Chris Bowler, Hilde Willekens, Wim Van Camp, Luit Slooten, Marc Van Montagu, and Dirk Inzé. 1993. “Genetic Engineering of Oxidative Stress Resistance in Higher Plants.” Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London Series B-biological Sciences 342 (1301): 235–240.
APA
Hérouart, D., Bowler, C., Willekens, H., Van Camp, W., Slooten, L., Van Montagu, M., & Inzé, D. (1993). Genetic engineering of oxidative stress resistance in higher plants. PHILOSOPHICAL TRANSACTIONS OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY OF LONDON SERIES B-BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES, 342(1301), 235–240.
Vancouver
1.
Hérouart D, Bowler C, Willekens H, Van Camp W, Slooten L, Van Montagu M, et al. Genetic engineering of oxidative stress resistance in higher plants. PHILOSOPHICAL TRANSACTIONS OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY OF LONDON SERIES B-BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES. 1993;342(1301):235–40.
MLA
Hérouart, Didier, Chris Bowler, Hilde Willekens, et al. “Genetic Engineering of Oxidative Stress Resistance in Higher Plants.” PHILOSOPHICAL TRANSACTIONS OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY OF LONDON SERIES B-BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES 342.1301 (1993): 235–240. Print.
@article{203942,
  abstract     = {Many environmental conditions induce an oxidative stress in plant cells by the generation of abnormal concentrations of reactive-oxygen intermediates (ROI) such as superoxide radicals, hydrogen peroxide and hydroxyl radicals. To protect themselves against these potentially damaging molecules, plants have evolved several enzymic mechanisms including superoxide dismutases (SODs), peroxidases and catalases. Recent molecular studies in Nicotiana species showed that the genes coding for the different ROI-scavenging enzymes are differentially regulated in response to environmental stress. Transgenic plants which overexpressed SOD genes in chloroplasts are more tolerant to treatment with the superoxide-generating herbicide paraquat and to ozone fumigation. Strategies to engineer plants with high resistance to oxidative stress are discussed.},
  author       = {Hérouart, Didier and Bowler, Chris and Willekens, Hilde and Van Camp, Wim and Slooten, Luit and Van Montagu, Marc and Inzé, Dirk},
  issn         = {0962-8436},
  journal      = {PHILOSOPHICAL TRANSACTIONS OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY OF LONDON SERIES B-BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES},
  keywords     = {ESCHERICHIA-COLI,ASCORBATE PEROXIDASE,CATALASE CDNA,CONYZA-BONARIENSIS,PARAQUAT RESISTANCE,ARABIDOPSIS-THALIANA,GLUTATHIONE-PEROXIDASE,MOLECULAR-CLONING,MANGANESE SUPEROXIDE-DISMUTASE,NUCLEOTIDE-SEQUENCE},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1301},
  pages        = {235--240},
  title        = {Genetic engineering of oxidative stress resistance in higher plants},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rstb.1993.0152},
  volume       = {342},
  year         = {1993},
}

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