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Entrepreneurial origin, technological knowledge, and the growth of spin-off companies

Bart Clarysse UGent, Mike Wright UGent and Els Van de Velde UGent (2011) JOURNAL OF MANAGEMENT STUDIES. 48(6). p.1420-1442
abstract
We contribute to the literature on corporate spin-offs and university spin-offs by exploring how different characteristics in the technological knowledge base at start-up influence spin-off performance. We investigate how the technological knowledge characteristics endowed at start-up predict growth, taking into account whether the knowledge/technology is transferred from a corporation or university. We use a novel, hand-collected dataset involving 48 corporate and 73 university spin-offs, comprising the population of spin-offs in Flanders during 1991-2002. We find corporate spin-offs grow most if they start with a specific narrow-focused technology sufficiently distinct from the technical knowledge base of the parent company and which is tacit. University spin-offs benefit from a broad technology which is transferred to the spin-off. Novelty of the technical knowledge does not play a role in corporate spin-offs, but has a negative impact in university spin-offs unless universities have an experienced technology transfer office to support the spin-off.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
journalArticle (original)
publication status
published
subject
keyword
START-UPS, ABSORPTIVE-CAPACITY, MODERATING ROLE, FIRMS, PERFORMANCE, CORPORATE, MARKET, STRATEGIES, VENTURE, COMMERCIALIZATION
journal title
JOURNAL OF MANAGEMENT STUDIES
J. Manage. Stud.
volume
48
issue
6
pages
1420 - 1442
Web of Science type
Article
Web of Science id
000293068800012
JCR category
BUSINESS
JCR impact factor
4.255 (2011)
JCR rank
5/113 (2011)
JCR quartile
1 (2011)
ISSN
0022-2380
DOI
10.1111/j.1467-6486.2010.00991.x
language
English
UGent publication?
yes
classification
A1
copyright statement
I have transferred the copyright for this publication to the publisher
id
2039309
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-2039309
date created
2012-02-21 15:35:24
date last changed
2015-06-17 09:57:47
@article{2039309,
  abstract     = {We contribute to the literature on corporate spin-offs and university spin-offs by exploring how different characteristics in the technological knowledge base at start-up influence spin-off performance. We investigate how the technological knowledge characteristics endowed at start-up predict growth, taking into account whether the knowledge/technology is transferred from a corporation or university. We use a novel, hand-collected dataset involving 48 corporate and 73 university spin-offs, comprising the population of spin-offs in Flanders during 1991-2002. We find corporate spin-offs grow most if they start with a specific narrow-focused technology sufficiently distinct from the technical knowledge base of the parent company and which is tacit. University spin-offs benefit from a broad technology which is transferred to the spin-off. Novelty of the technical knowledge does not play a role in corporate spin-offs, but has a negative impact in university spin-offs unless universities have an experienced technology transfer office to support the spin-off.},
  author       = {Clarysse, Bart and Wright, Mike and Van de Velde, Els},
  issn         = {0022-2380},
  journal      = {JOURNAL OF MANAGEMENT STUDIES},
  keyword      = {START-UPS,ABSORPTIVE-CAPACITY,MODERATING ROLE,FIRMS,PERFORMANCE,CORPORATE,MARKET,STRATEGIES,VENTURE,COMMERCIALIZATION},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {6},
  pages        = {1420--1442},
  title        = {Entrepreneurial origin, technological knowledge, and the growth of spin-off companies},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-6486.2010.00991.x},
  volume       = {48},
  year         = {2011},
}

Chicago
Clarysse, Bart, Mike Wright, and Els Van de Velde. 2011. “Entrepreneurial Origin, Technological Knowledge, and the Growth of Spin-off Companies.” Journal of Management Studies 48 (6): 1420–1442.
APA
Clarysse, B., Wright, M., & Van de Velde, E. (2011). Entrepreneurial origin, technological knowledge, and the growth of spin-off companies. JOURNAL OF MANAGEMENT STUDIES, 48(6), 1420–1442.
Vancouver
1.
Clarysse B, Wright M, Van de Velde E. Entrepreneurial origin, technological knowledge, and the growth of spin-off companies. JOURNAL OF MANAGEMENT STUDIES. 2011;48(6):1420–42.
MLA
Clarysse, Bart, Mike Wright, and Els Van de Velde. “Entrepreneurial Origin, Technological Knowledge, and the Growth of Spin-off Companies.” JOURNAL OF MANAGEMENT STUDIES 48.6 (2011): 1420–1442. Print.