Ghent University Academic Bibliography

Advanced

Patterns of mortality rates in Darfur conflict

Olivier Degomme UGent and Debarati Guha-Sapir (2010) LANCET. 375(9711). p.294-300
abstract
Background Several mortality estimates for the Darfur conflict have been reported since 2004, but few accounted for conflict dynamics such as changing displacement and causes of deaths. We analyse changes over time for crude and cause-specific mortality rates, and assess the effect of displacement on mortality rates. Methods Retrospective mortality surveys were gathered from an online database. Quasi-Poisson models were used to assess mortality rates with place and period in which the survey was done, and the proportions of displaced people in the samples were the explanatory variables. Predicted mortality rates for five periods were computed and applied to population data taken from the UN's series about Darfur to obtain the number of deaths. Findings 63 of 107 mortality surveys met all criteria for analysis. Our results show significant reductions in mortality rates from early 2004 to the end of 2008, although rates were higher during deployment of fewer humanitarian aid workers. In general, the reduction in rate was more important for violence-related than for diarrhoea-related mortality. Displacement correlated with increased rates of deaths associated with diarrhoea, but also with reduction in violent deaths. We estimated the excess number of deaths to be 298 271 (95% CI 178 258-461 520). Interpretation Although violence was the main cause of death during 2004, diseases have been the cause of most deaths since 2005, with displaced populations being the most susceptible. Any reduction in humanitarian assistance could lead to worsening mortality rates, as was the case between mid 2006 and mid 2007.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
journalArticle (original)
publication status
published
subject
keyword
death, war
journal title
LANCET
Lancet
volume
375
issue
9711
pages
294 - 300
Web of Science type
Article
Web of Science id
000274069300030
JCR category
MEDICINE, GENERAL & INTERNAL
JCR impact factor
33.633 (2010)
JCR rank
2/151 (2010)
JCR quartile
1 (2010)
ISSN
0140-6736
DOI
10.1016/S0140-6736(09)61967-X
language
English
UGent publication?
no
classification
A1
copyright statement
I have transferred the copyright for this publication to the publisher
id
2039180
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-2039180
date created
2012-02-21 15:26:20
date last changed
2016-12-19 15:42:02
@article{2039180,
  abstract     = {Background Several mortality estimates for the Darfur conflict have been reported since 2004, but few accounted for conflict dynamics such as changing displacement and causes of deaths. We analyse changes over time for crude and cause-specific mortality rates, and assess the effect of displacement on mortality rates. 
Methods Retrospective mortality surveys were gathered from an online database. Quasi-Poisson models were used to assess mortality rates with place and period in which the survey was done, and the proportions of displaced people in the samples were the explanatory variables. Predicted mortality rates for five periods were computed and applied to population data taken from the UN's series about Darfur to obtain the number of deaths. 
Findings 63 of 107 mortality surveys met all criteria for analysis. Our results show significant reductions in mortality rates from early 2004 to the end of 2008, although rates were higher during deployment of fewer humanitarian aid workers. In general, the reduction in rate was more important for violence-related than for diarrhoea-related mortality. Displacement correlated with increased rates of deaths associated with diarrhoea, but also with reduction in violent deaths. We estimated the excess number of deaths to be 298 271 (95\% CI 178 258-461 520). 
Interpretation Although violence was the main cause of death during 2004, diseases have been the cause of most deaths since 2005, with displaced populations being the most susceptible. Any reduction in humanitarian assistance could lead to worsening mortality rates, as was the case between mid 2006 and mid 2007.},
  author       = {Degomme, Olivier and Guha-Sapir, Debarati},
  issn         = {0140-6736},
  journal      = {LANCET},
  keyword      = {death,war},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {9711},
  pages        = {294--300},
  title        = {Patterns of mortality rates in Darfur conflict},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(09)61967-X},
  volume       = {375},
  year         = {2010},
}

Chicago
Degomme, Olivier, and Debarati Guha-Sapir. 2010. “Patterns of Mortality Rates in Darfur Conflict.” Lancet 375 (9711): 294–300.
APA
Degomme, O., & Guha-Sapir, D. (2010). Patterns of mortality rates in Darfur conflict. LANCET, 375(9711), 294–300.
Vancouver
1.
Degomme O, Guha-Sapir D. Patterns of mortality rates in Darfur conflict. LANCET. 2010;375(9711):294–300.
MLA
Degomme, Olivier, and Debarati Guha-Sapir. “Patterns of Mortality Rates in Darfur Conflict.” LANCET 375.9711 (2010): 294–300. Print.