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Coming out and AIDS-related high-risk sexual behavior

(1993) ARCHIVES OF SEXUAL BEHAVIOR. 22(6). p.559-586
Author
Organization
Abstract
How the withdrawal of social support associated with the coming out of gay men influences AIDS-related sexual risk-taking among Flemish (Belgian) gay men is analyzed. Recruited via key persons, the 379 gay men in this nonclinical cohort completed a lengthy, computerized questionnaire dealing with diverse aspects of gay life and culture. Independent variables include demographic characteristics, AIDS knowledge, coming-out histories, six social support dimensions, and personal resources. The dependent variables were insertive and receptive anal intercourse with and without a condom. Stepwise regression explained, respectively, 41.2 38.4, 18.4, and 14.2% of the variance. Absence of appraisal (the view that others approve of the way one does things or feels about things) led to higher frequencies of insertive anal sex (both with and without a condom). The experience of emotional conflict lowered the use of condoms by the insertive partner in anal intercourse. Disapproval by significant others of being gay also led to higher levels of receptive anal intercourse without a condom. Subjects with a high belief in mastery had higher frequencies of risk-taking, suggesting that the combination of the experience of negative reactions and high mastery lead to greater involvement in risky sexual behavior. Findings are interpreted within the theoretical framework of the coming-out process and gay identity formation.
Keywords
SOCIAL SUPPORT, COMING OUT, GAY IDENTITY FORMATION, AIDS-RELATED RISK BEHAVIOR, GAY MEN, DRUG-USE, SOCIAL SUPPORT, GAY MEN, ALCOHOL, HEALTH, ADOLESCENTS, PREVENTION, STRESS, HIV

Citation

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Chicago
Vincke, Johny, R Bolton, Rudolf Mak, and S Blank. 1993. “Coming Out and AIDS-related High-risk Sexual Behavior.” Archives of Sexual Behavior 22 (6): 559–586.
APA
Vincke, J., Bolton, R., Mak, R., & Blank, S. (1993). Coming out and AIDS-related high-risk sexual behavior. ARCHIVES OF SEXUAL BEHAVIOR, 22(6), 559–586.
Vancouver
1.
Vincke J, Bolton R, Mak R, Blank S. Coming out and AIDS-related high-risk sexual behavior. ARCHIVES OF SEXUAL BEHAVIOR. 1993;22(6):559–86.
MLA
Vincke, Johny, R Bolton, Rudolf Mak, et al. “Coming Out and AIDS-related High-risk Sexual Behavior.” ARCHIVES OF SEXUAL BEHAVIOR 22.6 (1993): 559–586. Print.
@article{203855,
  abstract     = {How the withdrawal of social support associated with the coming out of gay men influences AIDS-related sexual risk-taking among Flemish (Belgian) gay men is analyzed. Recruited via key persons, the 379 gay men in this nonclinical cohort completed a lengthy, computerized questionnaire dealing with diverse aspects of gay life and culture. Independent variables include demographic characteristics, AIDS knowledge, coming-out histories, six social support dimensions, and personal resources. The dependent variables were insertive and receptive anal intercourse with and without a condom. Stepwise regression explained, respectively, 41.2 38.4, 18.4, and 14.2\% of the variance. Absence of appraisal (the view that others approve of the way one does things or feels about things) led to higher frequencies of insertive anal sex (both with and without a condom). The experience of emotional conflict lowered the use of condoms by the insertive partner in anal intercourse. Disapproval by significant others of being gay also led to higher levels of receptive anal intercourse without a condom. Subjects with a high belief in mastery had higher frequencies of risk-taking, suggesting that the combination of the experience of negative reactions and high mastery lead to greater involvement in risky sexual behavior. Findings are interpreted within the theoretical framework of the coming-out process and gay identity formation.},
  author       = {Vincke, Johny and Bolton, R and Mak, Rudolf and Blank, S},
  issn         = {0004-0002},
  journal      = {ARCHIVES OF SEXUAL BEHAVIOR},
  keyword      = {SOCIAL SUPPORT,COMING OUT,GAY IDENTITY FORMATION,AIDS-RELATED RISK BEHAVIOR,GAY MEN,DRUG-USE,SOCIAL SUPPORT,GAY MEN,ALCOHOL,HEALTH,ADOLESCENTS,PREVENTION,STRESS,HIV},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {6},
  pages        = {559--586},
  title        = {Coming out and AIDS-related high-risk sexual behavior},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF01543301},
  volume       = {22},
  year         = {1993},
}

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