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Moisture source and diet affect development and reproduction of Orius thripoborus and Orius naivashae, two predatory anthocorids from southern Africa

Jochem Bonte UGent, Dominiek Vangansbeke UGent, Sara Maes UGent, Maarten Bonte UGent, Des Conlong and Patrick De Clercq UGent (2012) JOURNAL OF INSECT SCIENCE. 12.
abstract
The effect of moisture source and diet on the development and reproduction of the pirate bugs, Orius thripoborus (Hesse) and Orius naivashae (Poppius) (Hemiptera: Anthocoridae) was examined in the laboratory. Both species had been collected in and around sugarcane fields in South Africa. Supplementing eggs of the flour moth Ephestia kuehniella (Zeller) (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) with a green bean pod as a moisture source yielded better nymphal survival and faster development, as compared with free water encapsulated in Parafilm, suggesting that the predators may extract extra nutrients from the bean pod. The impact of two factitious foods and moist honey bee pollen on developmental and reproductive parameters of both predators was also investigated. The overall performance of both Orius species on E. kuehniella eggs and cysts of brine shrimp, Artemia franciscana Kellogg (Crustacea: Artemiidae) was better than on pollen. Nonetheless, a pollen diet alone allowed 66 and 78% of the nymphs of O. thripoborus and O. naivashae, respectively, to reach adulthood. Overall, developmental and reproductive performance of O. thripoborus on the tested diets was superior to that of O. naivashae. The implications of these findings for the mass production of these predators and their potential role in biological control programs in southern Africa are discussed.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
journalArticle (original)
publication status
published
subject
keyword
factitious prey, Hemiptera, biological control, Anthocoridae, pollinivory, South Africa, zoophytophagy, EPHESTIA-KUEHNIELLA EGGS, INSIDIOSUS HEMIPTERA, FRANKLINIELLA-OCCIDENTALIS, PODISUS-MACULIVENTRIS, LAEVIGATUS HEMIPTERA, BIOLOGICAL-CONTROL, ARTIFICIAL DIETS, FEEDING-HABITS, HETEROPTERA, OVIPOSITION
journal title
JOURNAL OF INSECT SCIENCE
J Insect Sci.
volume
12
article_number
1
pages
16 pages
Web of Science type
Article
Web of Science id
000301101500001
JCR category
ENTOMOLOGY
JCR impact factor
0.875 (2012)
JCR rank
45/87 (2012)
JCR quartile
3 (2012)
ISSN
1536-2442
language
English
UGent publication?
yes
classification
A1
copyright statement
I have retained and own the full copyright for this publication
id
2034363
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-2034363
alternative location
http://insectscience.org/12.1/
date created
2012-02-15 16:48:34
date last changed
2012-09-25 16:27:37
@article{2034363,
  abstract     = {The effect of moisture source and diet on the development and reproduction of the pirate bugs, Orius thripoborus (Hesse) and Orius naivashae (Poppius) (Hemiptera: Anthocoridae) was examined in the laboratory. Both species had been collected in and around sugarcane fields in South Africa. Supplementing eggs of the flour moth Ephestia kuehniella (Zeller) (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) with a green bean pod as a moisture source yielded better nymphal survival and faster development, as compared with free water encapsulated in Parafilm, suggesting that the predators may extract extra nutrients from the bean pod. The impact of two factitious foods and moist honey bee pollen on developmental and reproductive parameters of both predators was also investigated. The overall performance of both Orius species on E. kuehniella eggs and cysts of brine shrimp, Artemia franciscana Kellogg (Crustacea: Artemiidae) was better than on pollen. Nonetheless, a pollen diet alone allowed 66 and 78\% of the nymphs of O. thripoborus and O. naivashae, respectively, to reach adulthood. Overall, developmental and reproductive performance of O. thripoborus on the tested diets was superior to that of O. naivashae. The implications of these findings for the mass production of these predators and their potential role in biological control programs in southern Africa are discussed.},
  articleno    = {1},
  author       = {Bonte, Jochem and Vangansbeke, Dominiek and Maes, Sara and Bonte, Maarten and Conlong, Des and De Clercq, Patrick},
  issn         = {1536-2442},
  journal      = {JOURNAL OF INSECT SCIENCE},
  keyword      = {factitious prey,Hemiptera,biological control,Anthocoridae,pollinivory,South Africa,zoophytophagy,EPHESTIA-KUEHNIELLA EGGS,INSIDIOSUS HEMIPTERA,FRANKLINIELLA-OCCIDENTALIS,PODISUS-MACULIVENTRIS,LAEVIGATUS HEMIPTERA,BIOLOGICAL-CONTROL,ARTIFICIAL DIETS,FEEDING-HABITS,HETEROPTERA,OVIPOSITION},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {16},
  title        = {Moisture source and diet affect development and reproduction of Orius thripoborus and Orius naivashae, two predatory anthocorids from southern Africa},
  url          = {http://insectscience.org/12.1/},
  volume       = {12},
  year         = {2012},
}

Chicago
Bonte, Jochem, Dominiek Vangansbeke, Sara Maes, Maarten Bonte, Des Conlong, and Patrick De Clercq. 2012. “Moisture Source and Diet Affect Development and Reproduction of Orius Thripoborus and Orius Naivashae, Two Predatory Anthocorids from Southern Africa.” Journal of Insect Science 12.
APA
Bonte, J., Vangansbeke, D., Maes, S., Bonte, M., Conlong, D., & De Clercq, P. (2012). Moisture source and diet affect development and reproduction of Orius thripoborus and Orius naivashae, two predatory anthocorids from southern Africa. JOURNAL OF INSECT SCIENCE, 12.
Vancouver
1.
Bonte J, Vangansbeke D, Maes S, Bonte M, Conlong D, De Clercq P. Moisture source and diet affect development and reproduction of Orius thripoborus and Orius naivashae, two predatory anthocorids from southern Africa. JOURNAL OF INSECT SCIENCE. 2012;12.
MLA
Bonte, Jochem, Dominiek Vangansbeke, Sara Maes, et al. “Moisture Source and Diet Affect Development and Reproduction of Orius Thripoborus and Orius Naivashae, Two Predatory Anthocorids from Southern Africa.” JOURNAL OF INSECT SCIENCE 12 (2012): n. pag. Print.