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# The influence of Jacques Bertin

Rasha Deeb (UGent) , Kristien Ooms (UGent) and Philippe De Maeyer (UGent)
Author
Organization
Abstract
This paper investigates the applicability of Bertin‟s variables -both individually and combined - on texts and labels. A user study was conducted in which two types of map users had to express their preference towards the applicability of these variables on texts and labels. The first group consists out of participants who have been trained in cartography and who use maps on a daily basis. The second group of users are non-experts who have not gotten any previous education in cartography. The obtained data is analyzed statistically to compare the level of agreement in the user‟s preferences regarding the applicability of Bertin‟s variables between both user groups. Using the Kappa test as a measure of agreement shows a significant marginal agreement (κ < 0.4).
Keywords
Bertin‟s variables. User preference. Typeface variations

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## Citation

Chicago
Deeb, Rasha, Kristien Ooms, and Philippe De Maeyer. 2011. “The Influence of Jacques Bertin.” In Proceedings of the 25th International Cartographic Conference. International Cartographic Association (ICA).
APA
Deeb, R., Ooms, K., & De Maeyer, P. (2011). The influence of Jacques Bertin. Proceedings of the 25th International Cartographic Conference. Presented at the 25th International Cartographic Conference, International Cartographic Association (ICA).
Vancouver
1.
Deeb R, Ooms K, De Maeyer P. The influence of Jacques Bertin. Proceedings of the 25th International Cartographic Conference. International Cartographic Association (ICA); 2011.
MLA
Deeb, Rasha, Kristien Ooms, and Philippe De Maeyer. “The Influence of Jacques Bertin.” Proceedings of the 25th International Cartographic Conference. International Cartographic Association (ICA), 2011. Print.
@inproceedings{2033530,
abstract     = {This paper investigates the applicability of Bertin\unmatched{201f}s variables -both individually and combined - on texts and labels. A user study was conducted in which two types of map users had to express their preference towards the applicability of these variables on texts and labels. The first group consists out of participants who have been trained in cartography and who use maps on a daily basis. The second group of users are non-experts who have not gotten any previous education in cartography. The obtained data is analyzed statistically to compare the level of agreement in the user\unmatched{201f}s preferences regarding the applicability of Bertin\unmatched{201f}s variables between both user groups. Using the Kappa test as a measure of agreement shows a significant marginal agreement (\ensuremath{\kappa} {\textlangle} 0.4).},
articleno    = {CO-081},
author       = {Deeb, Rasha and Ooms, Kristien and De Maeyer, Philippe},
booktitle    = {Proceedings of the 25th International Cartographic Conference},
isbn         = {9781907075056},
language     = {eng},
location     = {Paris, France},
pages        = {8},
publisher    = {International Cartographic Association (ICA)},
title        = {The influence of Jacques Bertin},
year         = {2011},
}