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Policies to promote healthy eating in Europe: a structured review of policies and their effectiveness

(2012) NUTRITION REVIEWS. 70(3). p.188-200
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Abstract
This review provides a classification of public policies to promote healthier eating as well as a structured mapping of existing measures in Europe. Complete coverage of alternative policy types was ensured by complementing the review with a selection of major interventions from outside Europe. Under the auspices of the Seventh Framework Programme's Eatwell Project, funded by the European Commission, researchers from five countries reviewed a representative selection of policy actions based on scientific papers, policy documents, grey literature, government websites, other policy reviews, and interviews with policy-makers. This work resulted in a list of 129 policy interventions, 121 of which were in Europe. For each type of policy, a critical review of its effectiveness was conducted, based on the evidence currently available. The results of this review indicate a need exists for a more systematic and accurate evaluation of government-level interventions as well as for a stronger focus on actual behavioral change rather than changes in attitude or intentions alone. The currently available evidence is very heterogeneous across policy types and is often incomplete.
Keywords
behavior, fat tax, information, obesity, policy evaluation, public policy, INCREASING FRUIT, CHRONIC DISEASES, VEGETABLE INTAKE, SNACK FOODS, FAT TAX, OBESITY, EDUCATION, PROGRAM, COST, IMPLEMENTATION

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MLA
Capacci, Sara, et al. “Policies to Promote Healthy Eating in Europe: A Structured Review of Policies and Their Effectiveness.” NUTRITION REVIEWS, vol. 70, no. 3, 2012, pp. 188–200.
APA
Capacci, S., Mazzocchi, M., Shankar, B., Brambila Macias, J., Verbeke, W., Perez Cueto Eulert, A., … Traill, W. B. (2012). Policies to promote healthy eating in Europe: a structured review of policies and their effectiveness. NUTRITION REVIEWS, 70(3), 188–200.
Chicago author-date
Capacci, Sara, Mario Mazzocchi, Bhavani Shankar, José Brambila Macias, Wim Verbeke, Armando Perez Cueto Eulert, Agnieszka Kozioł-Kozakowska, et al. 2012. “Policies to Promote Healthy Eating in Europe: A Structured Review of Policies and Their Effectiveness.” NUTRITION REVIEWS 70 (3): 188–200.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Capacci, Sara, Mario Mazzocchi, Bhavani Shankar, José Brambila Macias, Wim Verbeke, Armando Perez Cueto Eulert, Agnieszka Kozioł-Kozakowska, Beata Piórecka, Barbara Niedzwiedzka, Dina D’Addesa, Anna Saba, Aida Turrini, Jessica Aschemann-Witzel, Tino Bech-Larsen, Mathias Strand, Laura Smillie, Josephine Wills, and W Bruce Traill. 2012. “Policies to Promote Healthy Eating in Europe: A Structured Review of Policies and Their Effectiveness.” NUTRITION REVIEWS 70 (3): 188–200.
Vancouver
1.
Capacci S, Mazzocchi M, Shankar B, Brambila Macias J, Verbeke W, Perez Cueto Eulert A, et al. Policies to promote healthy eating in Europe: a structured review of policies and their effectiveness. NUTRITION REVIEWS. 2012;70(3):188–200.
IEEE
[1]
S. Capacci et al., “Policies to promote healthy eating in Europe: a structured review of policies and their effectiveness,” NUTRITION REVIEWS, vol. 70, no. 3, pp. 188–200, 2012.
@article{2032429,
  abstract     = {This review provides a classification of public policies to promote healthier eating as well as a structured mapping of existing measures in Europe. Complete coverage of alternative policy types was ensured by complementing the review with a selection of major interventions from outside Europe. Under the auspices of the Seventh Framework Programme's Eatwell Project, funded by the European Commission, researchers from five countries reviewed a representative selection of policy actions based on scientific papers, policy documents, grey literature, government websites, other policy reviews, and interviews with policy-makers. This work resulted in a list of 129 policy interventions, 121 of which were in Europe. For each type of policy, a critical review of its effectiveness was conducted, based on the evidence currently available. The results of this review indicate a need exists for a more systematic and accurate evaluation of government-level interventions as well as for a stronger focus on actual behavioral change rather than changes in attitude or intentions alone. The currently available evidence is very heterogeneous across policy types and is often incomplete.},
  author       = {Capacci, Sara and Mazzocchi, Mario and Shankar, Bhavani and Brambila Macias, José and Verbeke, Wim and Perez Cueto Eulert, Armando and Kozioł-Kozakowska, Agnieszka and Piórecka, Beata and Niedzwiedzka, Barbara and D’Addesa, Dina and Saba, Anna and Turrini, Aida and Aschemann-Witzel, Jessica and Bech-Larsen, Tino and Strand, Mathias and Smillie, Laura and Wills, Josephine and Traill, W Bruce},
  issn         = {0029-6643},
  journal      = {NUTRITION REVIEWS},
  keywords     = {behavior,fat tax,information,obesity,policy evaluation,public policy,INCREASING FRUIT,CHRONIC DISEASES,VEGETABLE INTAKE,SNACK FOODS,FAT TAX,OBESITY,EDUCATION,PROGRAM,COST,IMPLEMENTATION},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {3},
  pages        = {188--200},
  title        = {Policies to promote healthy eating in Europe: a structured review of policies and their effectiveness},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1753-4887.2011.00442.x},
  volume       = {70},
  year         = {2012},
}

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