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Abstract
Missense mutations (K141N and K141E) in the alpha-crystallin domain of the small heat shock protein HSPB8 (HSP22) cause distal hereditary motor neuropathy (distal HMN) or Charcot-Marie-Tooth neuropathy type 2L (CMT2L). The mechanism through which mutant HSPB8 leads to a specific motor neuron disease phenotype is currently unknown. To address this question, we compared the effect of mutant HSPB8 in primary neuronal and glial cell cultures. In motor neurons, expression of both HSPB8 K141N and K141E mutations clearly resulted in neurite degeneration, as manifested by a reduction in number of neurites per cell, as well as in a reduction in average length of the neurites. Furthermore, expression of the K141E (and to a lesser extent, K141N) mutation also induced spheroids in the neurites. We did not detect any signs of apoptosis in motor neurons, showing that mutant HSPB8 resulted in neurite degeneration without inducing neuronal death. While overt in motor neurons, these phenotypes were only very mildly present in sensory neurons and completely absent in cortical neurons. Also glial cells did not show an altered phenotype upon expression of mutant HSPB8. These findings show that despite the ubiquitous presence of HSPB8, only motor neurons appear to be affected by the K141N and K141E mutations which explain the predominant motor neuron phenotype in distal HMN and CMT2L.
Keywords
MARIE-TOOTH-DISEASE, AMYLOID PRECURSOR PROTEIN, HEAT-SHOCK PROTEINS, AXON DEGENERATION, NEUROPATHY, DOMINANT, MECHANISMS, MUTATIONS, PROGRESSION, APOPTOSIS

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Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

Chicago
Irobi, Joy, Leonardo Almeida-Souza, Bob Asselbergh, Vicky De Winter, Sofie Goethals, Ines Dierick, Jyothsna Krishnan, et al. 2010. “Mutant HSPB8 Causes Motor Neuron-specific Neurite Degeneration.” Human Molecular Genetics 19 (16): 3254–3265.
APA
Irobi, J., Almeida-Souza, L., Asselbergh, B., De Winter, V., Goethals, S., Dierick, I., Krishnan, J., et al. (2010). Mutant HSPB8 causes motor neuron-specific neurite degeneration. HUMAN MOLECULAR GENETICS, 19(16), 3254–3265.
Vancouver
1.
Irobi J, Almeida-Souza L, Asselbergh B, De Winter V, Goethals S, Dierick I, et al. Mutant HSPB8 causes motor neuron-specific neurite degeneration. HUMAN MOLECULAR GENETICS. 2010;19(16):3254–65.
MLA
Irobi, Joy, Leonardo Almeida-Souza, Bob Asselbergh, et al. “Mutant HSPB8 Causes Motor Neuron-specific Neurite Degeneration.” HUMAN MOLECULAR GENETICS 19.16 (2010): 3254–3265. Print.
@article{2022810,
  abstract     = {Missense mutations (K141N and K141E) in the alpha-crystallin domain of the small heat shock protein HSPB8 (HSP22) cause distal hereditary motor neuropathy (distal HMN) or Charcot-Marie-Tooth neuropathy type 2L (CMT2L). The mechanism through which mutant HSPB8 leads to a specific motor neuron disease phenotype is currently unknown. To address this question, we compared the effect of mutant HSPB8 in primary neuronal and glial cell cultures. In motor neurons, expression of both HSPB8 K141N and K141E mutations clearly resulted in neurite degeneration, as manifested by a reduction in number of neurites per cell, as well as in a reduction in average length of the neurites. Furthermore, expression of the K141E (and to a lesser extent, K141N) mutation also induced spheroids in the neurites. We did not detect any signs of apoptosis in motor neurons, showing that mutant HSPB8 resulted in neurite degeneration without inducing neuronal death. While overt in motor neurons, these phenotypes were only very mildly present in sensory neurons and completely absent in cortical neurons. Also glial cells did not show an altered phenotype upon expression of mutant HSPB8. These findings show that despite the ubiquitous presence of HSPB8, only motor neurons appear to be affected by the K141N and K141E mutations which explain the predominant motor neuron phenotype in distal HMN and CMT2L.},
  author       = {Irobi, Joy and Almeida-Souza, Leonardo and Asselbergh, Bob and De Winter, Vicky and Goethals, Sofie and Dierick, Ines and Krishnan, Jyothsna and Timmermans, Jean-Pierre and Robberecht, Wim and De Jonghe, Peter and Van den Bosch, Ludo and Janssens, Sophie and Timmerman, Vincent},
  issn         = {0964-6906},
  journal      = {HUMAN MOLECULAR GENETICS},
  keyword      = {MARIE-TOOTH-DISEASE,AMYLOID PRECURSOR PROTEIN,HEAT-SHOCK PROTEINS,AXON DEGENERATION,NEUROPATHY,DOMINANT,MECHANISMS,MUTATIONS,PROGRESSION,APOPTOSIS},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {16},
  pages        = {3254--3265},
  title        = {Mutant HSPB8 causes motor neuron-specific neurite degeneration},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/hmg/ddq234},
  volume       = {19},
  year         = {2010},
}

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