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Selective accurate-mass-based analysis of 11 oxy-PAHs on atmospheric particultate matter by pressurized liquid extraction followed by highperformance liquid chromatography and magnetic sector mass spectrometry

Christophe Walgraeve UGent, Kristof Demeestere UGent, Patrick De Wispelaere UGent, Jo Dewulf UGent, Jutta Lintelmann, K Fischer and Herman Van Langenhove UGent (2012) ANALYTICAL AND BIOANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY. 402(4). p.1697-1711
abstract
An innovative analytical method based on high-performance liquid chromatography and atmospheric pressure chemical ionization magnetic sector mass spectrometry was developed and optimized to determine trace concentrations of 11 compounds belonging to the group of the seldom-analyzed oxy-PAHs (phenanthrene-9,10-dione, chrysene-5,6-dione, benzo[a]pyrene-4,5-dione, benzo[a]pyrene-1,6-dione, benzo[a]pyrene-3,6-dione, benzo[a]pyrene-6,12-dione, 4-oxa-benzo[def]chrysene-5-one, pyrene-1-carboxaldehyde, benzo[de]anthracene-7-one, benzo[a]anthracene-7,12-dione, and napthacene-5,12-dione) on airborne particulate matter (PM10). The mass spectrometer was operated in multiple ion detection mode, allowing for selective accurate mass detection (mass resolution of 12,000 full width at half maximum) of the oxy-PAHs characteristic ions. Optimization of both the vaporizer (450 degrees C) and capillary temperature (350 degrees C) resulted into instrumental detection limits in the range between 7 (benzo[a]pyrene-1,6-dione) and 926 pg (benzo[a]anthracene-7,12-dione). The advanced pressurized liquid extraction (PLE) and the more traditionally used ultrasonic extraction (USE) were compared using ethyl acetate as an extraction solvent. For both techniques, high recoveries from spiked quartz fiber filters (PLE, 82-110%; USE, 67-97%) were obtained. Recoveries obtained from real PM10 samples were also high (76-107%), and no significant matrix effects (ME) on the ionization process (enhancement or suppression) were found (ME, 89-123%). Method limits of quantification (S/N=10) were in the range between 2 and 336 pg/m(3). This method was used to analyze real PM samples collected at several urban and rural locations in the Antwerp area. For the first time, concentrations for Belgium are provided. Concentrations of individual oxy-PAHs are in the lower pictograms per cubic meter to 6 ng/m(3) range. High concentration differences between individual compounds are found as exemplified by the 75th percentile of the phenanthrene-9,10-dione and benzo[de]anthracene-7-one concentrations being a factor of 4 to 22 higher compared with the other target oxy-PAHs.
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author
organization
year
type
journalArticle (original)
publication status
published
subject
keyword
SIZE-DISTRIBUTION, Pressurized liquid extraction, Ultrasonic extraction, Oxy-PAHs, Magnetic sector mass spectrometry, HPLC, Flanders, POLYCYCLIC AROMATIC-HYDROCARBONS, FRENCH ALPINE VALLEYS, AMBIENT AIR, GAS-CHROMATOGRAPHY, CHEMICAL-IONIZATION, AEROSOL SAMPLES, OXYGENATED DERIVATIVES, FLUORESCENCE DETECTION, ORGANIC-COMPOUNDS
journal title
ANALYTICAL AND BIOANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY
Anal. Bioanal. Chem.
volume
402
issue
4
pages
1697 - 1711
Web of Science type
Article
Web of Science id
000299842000028
JCR category
CHEMISTRY, ANALYTICAL
JCR impact factor
3.659 (2012)
JCR rank
9/74 (2012)
JCR quartile
1 (2012)
ISSN
1618-2642
DOI
10.1007/s00216-011-5568-0
language
English
UGent publication?
yes
classification
A1
copyright statement
I have transferred the copyright for this publication to the publisher
id
2020489
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-2020489
date created
2012-02-06 12:54:02
date last changed
2015-06-17 09:56:31
@article{2020489,
  abstract     = {An innovative analytical method based on high-performance liquid chromatography and atmospheric pressure chemical ionization magnetic sector mass spectrometry was developed and optimized to determine trace concentrations of 11 compounds belonging to the group of the seldom-analyzed oxy-PAHs (phenanthrene-9,10-dione, chrysene-5,6-dione, benzo[a]pyrene-4,5-dione, benzo[a]pyrene-1,6-dione, benzo[a]pyrene-3,6-dione, benzo[a]pyrene-6,12-dione, 4-oxa-benzo[def]chrysene-5-one, pyrene-1-carboxaldehyde, benzo[de]anthracene-7-one, benzo[a]anthracene-7,12-dione, and napthacene-5,12-dione) on airborne particulate matter (PM10). The mass spectrometer was operated in multiple ion detection mode, allowing for selective accurate mass detection (mass resolution of 12,000 full width at half maximum) of the oxy-PAHs characteristic ions. Optimization of both the vaporizer (450 degrees C) and capillary temperature (350 degrees C) resulted into instrumental detection limits in the range between 7 (benzo[a]pyrene-1,6-dione) and 926 pg (benzo[a]anthracene-7,12-dione). The advanced pressurized liquid extraction (PLE) and the more traditionally used ultrasonic extraction (USE) were compared using ethyl acetate as an extraction solvent. For both techniques, high recoveries from spiked quartz fiber filters (PLE, 82-110\%; USE, 67-97\%) were obtained. Recoveries obtained from real PM10 samples were also high (76-107\%), and no significant matrix effects (ME) on the ionization process (enhancement or suppression) were found (ME, 89-123\%). Method limits of quantification (S/N=10) were in the range between 2 and 336 pg/m(3). This method was used to analyze real PM samples collected at several urban and rural locations in the Antwerp area. For the first time, concentrations for Belgium are provided. Concentrations of individual oxy-PAHs are in the lower pictograms per cubic meter to 6 ng/m(3) range. High concentration differences between individual compounds are found as exemplified by the 75th percentile of the phenanthrene-9,10-dione and benzo[de]anthracene-7-one concentrations being a factor of 4 to 22 higher compared with the other target oxy-PAHs.},
  author       = {Walgraeve, Christophe and Demeestere, Kristof and De Wispelaere, Patrick and Dewulf, Jo and Lintelmann, Jutta and Fischer, K and Van Langenhove, Herman},
  issn         = {1618-2642},
  journal      = {ANALYTICAL AND BIOANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY},
  keyword      = {SIZE-DISTRIBUTION,Pressurized liquid extraction,Ultrasonic extraction,Oxy-PAHs,Magnetic sector mass spectrometry,HPLC,Flanders,POLYCYCLIC AROMATIC-HYDROCARBONS,FRENCH ALPINE VALLEYS,AMBIENT AIR,GAS-CHROMATOGRAPHY,CHEMICAL-IONIZATION,AEROSOL SAMPLES,OXYGENATED DERIVATIVES,FLUORESCENCE DETECTION,ORGANIC-COMPOUNDS},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {4},
  pages        = {1697--1711},
  title        = {Selective accurate-mass-based analysis of 11 oxy-PAHs on atmospheric particultate matter by pressurized liquid extraction followed by highperformance liquid chromatography and magnetic sector mass spectrometry},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00216-011-5568-0},
  volume       = {402},
  year         = {2012},
}

Chicago
Walgraeve, Christophe, Kristof Demeestere, Patrick De Wispelaere, Jo Dewulf, Jutta Lintelmann, K Fischer, and Herman Van Langenhove. 2012. “Selective Accurate-mass-based Analysis of 11 oxy-PAHs on Atmospheric Particultate Matter by Pressurized Liquid Extraction Followed by Highperformance Liquid Chromatography and Magnetic Sector Mass Spectrometry.” Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry 402 (4): 1697–1711.
APA
Walgraeve, C., Demeestere, K., De Wispelaere, P., Dewulf, J., Lintelmann, J., Fischer, K., & Van Langenhove, H. (2012). Selective accurate-mass-based analysis of 11 oxy-PAHs on atmospheric particultate matter by pressurized liquid extraction followed by highperformance liquid chromatography and magnetic sector mass spectrometry. ANALYTICAL AND BIOANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY, 402(4), 1697–1711.
Vancouver
1.
Walgraeve C, Demeestere K, De Wispelaere P, Dewulf J, Lintelmann J, Fischer K, et al. Selective accurate-mass-based analysis of 11 oxy-PAHs on atmospheric particultate matter by pressurized liquid extraction followed by highperformance liquid chromatography and magnetic sector mass spectrometry. ANALYTICAL AND BIOANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY. 2012;402(4):1697–711.
MLA
Walgraeve, Christophe, Kristof Demeestere, Patrick De Wispelaere, et al. “Selective Accurate-mass-based Analysis of 11 oxy-PAHs on Atmospheric Particultate Matter by Pressurized Liquid Extraction Followed by Highperformance Liquid Chromatography and Magnetic Sector Mass Spectrometry.” ANALYTICAL AND BIOANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY 402.4 (2012): 1697–1711. Print.