Ghent University Academic Bibliography

Advanced

Nutritional status of Flemish vegetarians compared with non-vegetarians: a matched samples study

Peter Deriemaeker, Katrien Alewaeters, Marcel Hebbelinck, Johan Lefevre, Renaat Philippaerts UGent and Peter Clarys (2010) NUTRIENTS. 2(7). p.770-780
abstract
The present study compares the nutritional status of vegetarian (V) with non-vegetarian (NV) subjects. A three-day food record and a health questionnaire were completed by 106 V and 106 NV matched for following characteristics: sex, age, BMI, physical activity, tobacco use and alcohol consumption. Total energy intake was not significantly different (men: V: 2,346 +/- 685 kcal/d; NV: 2,628 +/- 632 kcal/d; p = 0.078; women: V: 1,991 +/- 539 kcal/d; NV: 1,973 +/- 592 kcal/d; p = 0.849). Macronutrients intake differed significantly between the V and NV subjects for protein (men: V: 12.7 +/- 2.3 E%; NV: 15.3 +/- 4.5 E%; p = 0.003; women: V: 13.2 +/- 2.3 E%; NV: 16.0 +/- 4.0 E%; p < 0.001), fat (men: V: 29.3 +/- 8.4 E%; NV: 33.8 +/- 5.3 E%; p = 0.010; women: V: 29.7 +/- 6.9 E%; NV: 34.7 +/- 9.0 E%; p < 0.001), and carbohydrate (men: V: 55.3 +/- 10.1 E%; NV: 47.4 +/- 6.9 E%; p < 0.001; women: V: 55.1 +/- 7.6 E%; NV: 47.2 +/- 8.2 E%; p < 0.001). The intake of most minerals was significantly different between the V and the NV subjects. V had a lower sodium intake, higher calcium, zinc, and iron intake compared to the NV subjects. Our results clearly indicate that a vegetarian diet can be adequate to sustain the nutritional demands to at least the same degree as that of omnivores. The intakes of the V subjects were closer to the recommendations for a healthy diet when compared to a group of well matched NV subjects.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
journalArticle (original)
publication status
published
subject
keyword
DETERMINANTS, VEGAN DIETS, MORTALITY, DIETARY-INTAKE, PHYSICAL-ACTIVITY, nutritional status, matched samples, vegetarians, DISEASE, EATERS, OXFORD
journal title
NUTRIENTS
Nutrients
volume
2
issue
7
pages
770 - 780
Web of Science type
Article
Web of Science id
000298236900008
ISSN
2072-6643
DOI
10.3390/nu2070770
language
English
UGent publication?
yes
classification
A1
copyright statement
I have retained and own the full copyright for this publication
id
2020298
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-2020298
date created
2012-02-06 11:45:32
date last changed
2015-06-17 09:56:30
@article{2020298,
  abstract     = {The present study compares the nutritional status of vegetarian (V) with non-vegetarian (NV) subjects. A three-day food record and a health questionnaire were completed by 106 V and 106 NV matched for following characteristics: sex, age, BMI, physical activity, tobacco use and alcohol consumption. Total energy intake was not significantly different (men: V: 2,346 +/- 685 kcal/d; NV: 2,628 +/- 632 kcal/d; p = 0.078; women: V: 1,991 +/- 539 kcal/d; NV: 1,973 +/- 592 kcal/d; p = 0.849). Macronutrients intake differed significantly between the V and NV subjects for protein (men: V: 12.7 +/- 2.3 E\%; NV: 15.3 +/- 4.5 E\%; p = 0.003; women: V: 13.2 +/- 2.3 E\%; NV: 16.0 +/- 4.0 E\%; p {\textlangle} 0.001), fat (men: V: 29.3 +/- 8.4 E\%; NV: 33.8 +/- 5.3 E\%; p = 0.010; women: V: 29.7 +/- 6.9 E\%; NV: 34.7 +/- 9.0 E\%; p {\textlangle} 0.001), and carbohydrate (men: V: 55.3 +/- 10.1 E\%; NV: 47.4 +/- 6.9 E\%; p {\textlangle} 0.001; women: V: 55.1 +/- 7.6 E\%; NV: 47.2 +/- 8.2 E\%; p {\textlangle} 0.001). The intake of most minerals was significantly different between the V and the NV subjects. V had a lower sodium intake, higher calcium, zinc, and iron intake compared to the NV subjects. Our results clearly indicate that a vegetarian diet can be adequate to sustain the nutritional demands to at least the same degree as that of omnivores. The intakes of the V subjects were closer to the recommendations for a healthy diet when compared to a group of well matched NV subjects.},
  author       = {Deriemaeker, Peter and Alewaeters, Katrien and Hebbelinck, Marcel and Lefevre, Johan and Philippaerts, Renaat and Clarys, Peter},
  issn         = {2072-6643},
  journal      = {NUTRIENTS},
  keyword      = {DETERMINANTS,VEGAN DIETS,MORTALITY,DIETARY-INTAKE,PHYSICAL-ACTIVITY,nutritional status,matched samples,vegetarians,DISEASE,EATERS,OXFORD},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {7},
  pages        = {770--780},
  title        = {Nutritional status of Flemish vegetarians compared with non-vegetarians: a matched samples study},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/nu2070770},
  volume       = {2},
  year         = {2010},
}

Chicago
Deriemaeker, Peter, Katrien Alewaeters, Marcel Hebbelinck, Johan Lefevre, Renaat Philippaerts, and Peter Clarys. 2010. “Nutritional Status of Flemish Vegetarians Compared with Non-vegetarians: a Matched Samples Study.” Nutrients 2 (7): 770–780.
APA
Deriemaeker, P., Alewaeters, K., Hebbelinck, M., Lefevre, J., Philippaerts, R., & Clarys, P. (2010). Nutritional status of Flemish vegetarians compared with non-vegetarians: a matched samples study. NUTRIENTS, 2(7), 770–780.
Vancouver
1.
Deriemaeker P, Alewaeters K, Hebbelinck M, Lefevre J, Philippaerts R, Clarys P. Nutritional status of Flemish vegetarians compared with non-vegetarians: a matched samples study. NUTRIENTS. 2010;2(7):770–80.
MLA
Deriemaeker, Peter, Katrien Alewaeters, Marcel Hebbelinck, et al. “Nutritional Status of Flemish Vegetarians Compared with Non-vegetarians: a Matched Samples Study.” NUTRIENTS 2.7 (2010): 770–780. Print.