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Nutritional status of Flemish vegetarians compared with non-vegetarians: a matched samples study

(2010) NUTRIENTS. 2(7). p.770-780
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Abstract
The present study compares the nutritional status of vegetarian (V) with non-vegetarian (NV) subjects. A three-day food record and a health questionnaire were completed by 106 V and 106 NV matched for following characteristics: sex, age, BMI, physical activity, tobacco use and alcohol consumption. Total energy intake was not significantly different (men: V: 2,346 +/- 685 kcal/d; NV: 2,628 +/- 632 kcal/d; p = 0.078; women: V: 1,991 +/- 539 kcal/d; NV: 1,973 +/- 592 kcal/d; p = 0.849). Macronutrients intake differed significantly between the V and NV subjects for protein (men: V: 12.7 +/- 2.3 E%; NV: 15.3 +/- 4.5 E%; p = 0.003; women: V: 13.2 +/- 2.3 E%; NV: 16.0 +/- 4.0 E%; p < 0.001), fat (men: V: 29.3 +/- 8.4 E%; NV: 33.8 +/- 5.3 E%; p = 0.010; women: V: 29.7 +/- 6.9 E%; NV: 34.7 +/- 9.0 E%; p < 0.001), and carbohydrate (men: V: 55.3 +/- 10.1 E%; NV: 47.4 +/- 6.9 E%; p < 0.001; women: V: 55.1 +/- 7.6 E%; NV: 47.2 +/- 8.2 E%; p < 0.001). The intake of most minerals was significantly different between the V and the NV subjects. V had a lower sodium intake, higher calcium, zinc, and iron intake compared to the NV subjects. Our results clearly indicate that a vegetarian diet can be adequate to sustain the nutritional demands to at least the same degree as that of omnivores. The intakes of the V subjects were closer to the recommendations for a healthy diet when compared to a group of well matched NV subjects.
Keywords
DETERMINANTS, VEGAN DIETS, MORTALITY, DIETARY-INTAKE, PHYSICAL-ACTIVITY, nutritional status, matched samples, vegetarians, DISEASE, EATERS, OXFORD

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MLA
Deriemaeker, Peter et al. “Nutritional Status of Flemish Vegetarians Compared with Non-vegetarians: a Matched Samples Study.” NUTRIENTS 2.7 (2010): 770–780. Print.
APA
Deriemaeker, P., Alewaeters, K., Hebbelinck, M., Lefevre, J., Philippaerts, R., & Clarys, P. (2010). Nutritional status of Flemish vegetarians compared with non-vegetarians: a matched samples study. NUTRIENTS, 2(7), 770–780.
Chicago author-date
Deriemaeker, Peter, Katrien Alewaeters, Marcel Hebbelinck, Johan Lefevre, Renaat Philippaerts, and Peter Clarys. 2010. “Nutritional Status of Flemish Vegetarians Compared with Non-vegetarians: a Matched Samples Study.” Nutrients 2 (7): 770–780.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Deriemaeker, Peter, Katrien Alewaeters, Marcel Hebbelinck, Johan Lefevre, Renaat Philippaerts, and Peter Clarys. 2010. “Nutritional Status of Flemish Vegetarians Compared with Non-vegetarians: a Matched Samples Study.” Nutrients 2 (7): 770–780.
Vancouver
1.
Deriemaeker P, Alewaeters K, Hebbelinck M, Lefevre J, Philippaerts R, Clarys P. Nutritional status of Flemish vegetarians compared with non-vegetarians: a matched samples study. NUTRIENTS. 2010;2(7):770–80.
IEEE
[1]
P. Deriemaeker, K. Alewaeters, M. Hebbelinck, J. Lefevre, R. Philippaerts, and P. Clarys, “Nutritional status of Flemish vegetarians compared with non-vegetarians: a matched samples study,” NUTRIENTS, vol. 2, no. 7, pp. 770–780, 2010.
@article{2020298,
  abstract     = {{The present study compares the nutritional status of vegetarian (V) with non-vegetarian (NV) subjects. A three-day food record and a health questionnaire were completed by 106 V and 106 NV matched for following characteristics: sex, age, BMI, physical activity, tobacco use and alcohol consumption. Total energy intake was not significantly different (men: V: 2,346 +/- 685 kcal/d; NV: 2,628 +/- 632 kcal/d; p = 0.078; women: V: 1,991 +/- 539 kcal/d; NV: 1,973 +/- 592 kcal/d; p = 0.849). Macronutrients intake differed significantly between the V and NV subjects for protein (men: V: 12.7 +/- 2.3 E%; NV: 15.3 +/- 4.5 E%; p = 0.003; women: V: 13.2 +/- 2.3 E%; NV: 16.0 +/- 4.0 E%; p < 0.001), fat (men: V: 29.3 +/- 8.4 E%; NV: 33.8 +/- 5.3 E%; p = 0.010; women: V: 29.7 +/- 6.9 E%; NV: 34.7 +/- 9.0 E%; p < 0.001), and carbohydrate (men: V: 55.3 +/- 10.1 E%; NV: 47.4 +/- 6.9 E%; p < 0.001; women: V: 55.1 +/- 7.6 E%; NV: 47.2 +/- 8.2 E%; p < 0.001). The intake of most minerals was significantly different between the V and the NV subjects. V had a lower sodium intake, higher calcium, zinc, and iron intake compared to the NV subjects. Our results clearly indicate that a vegetarian diet can be adequate to sustain the nutritional demands to at least the same degree as that of omnivores. The intakes of the V subjects were closer to the recommendations for a healthy diet when compared to a group of well matched NV subjects.}},
  author       = {{Deriemaeker, Peter and Alewaeters, Katrien and Hebbelinck, Marcel and Lefevre, Johan and Philippaerts, Renaat and Clarys, Peter}},
  issn         = {{2072-6643}},
  journal      = {{NUTRIENTS}},
  keywords     = {{DETERMINANTS,VEGAN DIETS,MORTALITY,DIETARY-INTAKE,PHYSICAL-ACTIVITY,nutritional status,matched samples,vegetarians,DISEASE,EATERS,OXFORD}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  number       = {{7}},
  pages        = {{770--780}},
  title        = {{Nutritional status of Flemish vegetarians compared with non-vegetarians: a matched samples study}},
  url          = {{http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/nu2070770}},
  volume       = {{2}},
  year         = {{2010}},
}

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