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Affective determinants of anxiety and depression development in children and adolescents: an individual growth curve analysis

Marleen De Bolle (UGent) , Barbara De Clercq (UGent) , Mieke Decuyper (UGent) and Filip De Fruyt (UGent)
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Abstract
The tripartite model (in Clark and Watson, J Abnorm Psychol 100:316-336, 1991) comprises Negative Affect (NA), Positive Affect (PA), and Physiological Hyperarousal (PH), three temperamental-based dimensions. The current study examined the tripartite model's assumptions that (a) NA interacts with PA to predict subsequent depressive (but not anxiety) symptom developments and (b) NA interacts with PH to predict subsequent anxiety (but not depressive) symptom developments in a sample of 243 community and referred children and adolescents (42.8% boys; M age = 10.87 years, SD = 1.83). Results confirmed that individuals with a combined high NA/low PA profile display the least favorable course of depressive -but not anxiety- symptoms. In contrast with the model, the combination of NA and PH influenced the development of depression, but not anxiety. Relations were not moderated by sex or sample. Results revealed that the assessment of the tripartite components is warranted as it can help to identify children at risk for an unfavorable depressive symptom course.
Keywords
TRIPARTITE MODEL, NEGATIVE AFFECTIVITY, INTERNALIZING DISORDERS, PSYCHIATRIC-DISORDERS, GENDER-DIFFERENCES, EARLY-CHILDHOOD, MOOD DISORDERS, RISK-FACTORS, SYMPTOMS, PERSONALITY, Development, Anxiety, Depression, Predictors, Tripartite model

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Chicago
De Bolle, Marleen, Barbara De Clercq, Mieke Decuyper, and Filip De Fruyt. 2011. “Affective Determinants of Anxiety and Depression Development in Children and Adolescents: An Individual Growth Curve Analysis.” Child Psychiatry & Human Development 42 (6): 694–711.
APA
De Bolle, M., De Clercq, B., Decuyper, M., & De Fruyt, F. (2011). Affective determinants of anxiety and depression development in children and adolescents: an individual growth curve analysis. CHILD PSYCHIATRY & HUMAN DEVELOPMENT, 42(6), 694–711.
Vancouver
1.
De Bolle M, De Clercq B, Decuyper M, De Fruyt F. Affective determinants of anxiety and depression development in children and adolescents: an individual growth curve analysis. CHILD PSYCHIATRY & HUMAN DEVELOPMENT. 2011;42(6):694–711.
MLA
De Bolle, Marleen, Barbara De Clercq, Mieke Decuyper, et al. “Affective Determinants of Anxiety and Depression Development in Children and Adolescents: An Individual Growth Curve Analysis.” CHILD PSYCHIATRY & HUMAN DEVELOPMENT 42.6 (2011): 694–711. Print.
@article{2016157,
  abstract     = {The tripartite model (in Clark and Watson, J Abnorm Psychol 100:316-336, 1991) comprises Negative Affect (NA), Positive Affect (PA), and Physiological Hyperarousal (PH), three temperamental-based dimensions. The current study examined the tripartite model's assumptions that (a) NA interacts with PA to predict subsequent depressive (but not anxiety) symptom developments and (b) NA interacts with PH to predict subsequent anxiety (but not depressive) symptom developments in a sample of 243 community and referred children and adolescents (42.8\% boys; M age = 10.87 years, SD = 1.83). Results confirmed that individuals with a combined high NA/low PA profile display the least favorable course of depressive -but not anxiety- symptoms. In contrast with the model, the combination of NA and PH influenced the development of depression, but not anxiety. Relations were not moderated by sex or sample. Results revealed that the assessment of the tripartite components is warranted as it can help to identify children at risk for an unfavorable depressive symptom course.},
  author       = {De Bolle, Marleen and De Clercq, Barbara and Decuyper, Mieke and De Fruyt, Filip},
  issn         = {0009-398X},
  journal      = {CHILD PSYCHIATRY \& HUMAN DEVELOPMENT},
  keyword      = {TRIPARTITE MODEL,NEGATIVE AFFECTIVITY,INTERNALIZING DISORDERS,PSYCHIATRIC-DISORDERS,GENDER-DIFFERENCES,EARLY-CHILDHOOD,MOOD DISORDERS,RISK-FACTORS,SYMPTOMS,PERSONALITY,Development,Anxiety,Depression,Predictors,Tripartite model},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {6},
  pages        = {694--711},
  title        = {Affective determinants of anxiety and depression development in children and adolescents: an individual growth curve analysis},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10578-011-0241-6},
  volume       = {42},
  year         = {2011},
}

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