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Institutional capacity development in urban obesity prevention: results of EEN case studies in Flemish cities

Joke Van Assche UGent, Stefaan De Henauw UGent and Herwig Reynaert UGent (2011) ANNALS OF NUTRITION AND METABOLISM. 58(suppl. 3). p.156-156
abstract
INTRODUCTION: Screening of policy documents, academic literature on local politics and implementation theory leads us to think that institutional capacity should be developed at the local government level in order to promote healthy diets and physical activity towards children and adolescents. OBJECTIVE: This abstract argues that the ‘institutional capacity’ is a critical success factor for the effectiveness of a local policy on the prevention of obesity. METHODS: Within the framework of the EEN-project (Epode European Network) we have studied the development of institutional capacity for childhood obesity prevention in two case studies. In two Flemish cities we have used qualitative research methods by interviewing key persons in the obesity prevention policy towards children and adolescents. RESULTS: The results of these case studies indicate that the role of local political leaders in the development of institutional capacity for obesity prevention is bigger than was suggested in theory. First of all, their ‘sense of urgency’ about obesity problems in their own city is the cornerstone of any public intervention in this field. At the same time their awareness is motivating them to take up a steering role in the collaboration with all stakeholders in public health networks. Comparison between the two cities illustrates the importance of the political, electoral and institutional context for the development of an urban institutional capacity. CONCLUSIONS: In sum, we argue that local political leadership and policy networking, which are the essential components of any institutional capacity, are ‘critical success factors’ for tackling obesity. More importantly, we recommend to develop ‘learning networks’ with local political leaders in obesity prevention in order to get the innovative knowledge on ‘institutional capacity development’ implemented in European cities and towns.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
conference (meetingAbstract)
publication status
published
subject
keyword
childhood obesity prevention, institutional capacity development, public health policy networking
in
ANNALS OF NUTRITION AND METABOLISM
Ann. Nutr. Metab.
editor
Ascencion Marcos and Alfredo Martinez
volume
58
issue
suppl. 3
pages
156 - 156
conference name
11th European Nutrition Conference (FENS 2011)
conference location
Madrid, Spain
conference start
2011-10-26
conference end
2011-10-29
Web of Science type
Meeting Abstract
Web of Science id
000298011900345
JCR category
NUTRITION & DIETETICS
JCR impact factor
2.257 (2011)
JCR rank
33/71 (2011)
JCR quartile
2 (2011)
ISSN
0250-6807
language
English
UGent publication?
yes
classification
C3
id
2010146
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-2010146
date created
2012-01-31 16:40:23
date last changed
2016-12-19 15:37:20
@inproceedings{2010146,
  abstract     = {INTRODUCTION: Screening of policy documents, academic literature on local politics and implementation theory leads us to think that institutional capacity should be developed at the local government level in order to promote  healthy diets and physical activity towards children and adolescents. 
OBJECTIVE: This abstract argues that the {\textquoteleft}institutional capacity{\textquoteright} is a critical success factor for the effectiveness of a local policy on the prevention of obesity.
METHODS: Within the framework of the EEN-project (Epode European Network) we have studied the development of institutional capacity for childhood obesity prevention in two case studies. In two Flemish cities we have used qualitative research methods by interviewing key persons in the obesity prevention policy towards children and adolescents. 
RESULTS: The results of these case studies indicate that the role of local political leaders in the development of institutional capacity for obesity prevention is bigger  than was suggested in theory.  First of all, their {\textquoteleft}sense of urgency{\textquoteright} about obesity problems in their own city is the cornerstone of any public intervention in this field. At the same time their awareness is motivating them to take up a steering role in the collaboration with all stakeholders in public health networks. Comparison between the two cities illustrates the importance of the political, electoral and institutional context for the development of an urban institutional capacity.
CONCLUSIONS: In sum, we argue that local political leadership and policy networking, which are the essential components of any institutional capacity, are {\textquoteleft}critical success factors{\textquoteright} for tackling obesity. More importantly, we recommend to develop {\textquoteleft}learning networks{\textquoteright} with local political leaders in obesity prevention in order to get the innovative knowledge on {\textquoteleft}institutional capacity development{\textquoteright} implemented in European cities and towns.},
  author       = {Van Assche, Joke and De Henauw, Stefaan and Reynaert, Herwig},
  booktitle    = {ANNALS OF NUTRITION AND METABOLISM},
  editor       = {Marcos, Ascencion  and Martinez, Alfredo},
  issn         = {0250-6807},
  keyword      = {childhood obesity prevention,institutional capacity development,public health policy networking},
  language     = {eng},
  location     = {Madrid, Spain},
  number       = {suppl. 3},
  pages        = {156--156},
  title        = {Institutional capacity development in urban obesity prevention: results of EEN case studies in Flemish cities},
  volume       = {58},
  year         = {2011},
}

Chicago
Van Assche, Joke, Stefaan De Henauw, and Herwig Reynaert. 2011. “Institutional Capacity Development in Urban Obesity Prevention: Results of EEN Case Studies in Flemish Cities.” In Annals of Nutrition and Metabolism, ed. Ascencion Marcos and Alfredo Martinez, 58:156–156.
APA
Van Assche, Joke, De Henauw, S., & Reynaert, H. (2011). Institutional capacity development in urban obesity prevention: results of EEN case studies in Flemish cities. In A. Marcos & A. Martinez (Eds.), ANNALS OF NUTRITION AND METABOLISM (Vol. 58, pp. 156–156). Presented at the 11th European Nutrition Conference (FENS 2011).
Vancouver
1.
Van Assche J, De Henauw S, Reynaert H. Institutional capacity development in urban obesity prevention: results of EEN case studies in Flemish cities. In: Marcos A, Martinez A, editors. ANNALS OF NUTRITION AND METABOLISM. 2011. p. 156–156.
MLA
Van Assche, Joke, Stefaan De Henauw, and Herwig Reynaert. “Institutional Capacity Development in Urban Obesity Prevention: Results of EEN Case Studies in Flemish Cities.” Annals of Nutrition and Metabolism. Ed. Ascencion Marcos & Alfredo Martinez. Vol. 58. 2011. 156–156. Print.