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Are all identity commitments created equally? The importance of motives for commitment for late adolescents' personal adjustment

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Abstract
On the basis of self-determination theory it is proposed that adolescents' motives for forming and maintaining identity-relevant commitments can be either autonomous or controlled in nature. This study examined whether motives for identity commitments would add to the prediction of late adolescents' adjustment beyond the effect of strength of commitment per se. In addition, it was examined how late adolescents' identity-processing styles would relate to motives for commitment and whether motives for commitment would mediate between identity styles and adjustment. In a sample of 431 late adolescents it was found that autonomous and controlled motives were, respectively, positively and negatively related to adjustment even after taking into account the role of strength of commitment. Each of the three identity styles showed a specific pattern of associations with the motives for commitment, with an information-oriented style relating to the most autonomous and internalized motivational profile. Mediation analyses showed that at least part of the associations between identity styles and adjustment are mediated by motives for commitment. Directions for future research are discussed.
Keywords
SELF-DETERMINATION, commitment, STRATEGIES, PRELIMINARY VALIDATION, EXPLORATION, DIFFERENCE, MEDIATORS, CAUSALITY, CONSTRUCT, PROFILES, STYLES, identity, identity style, motivation, late adolescence, self-determination theory

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Chicago
Soenens, Bart, Michael D Berzonsky, Curtis S Dunkel, Dennis R Papini, and Maarten Vansteenkiste. 2011. “Are All Identity Commitments Created Equally? The Importance of Motives for Commitment for Late Adolescents’ Personal Adjustment.” International Journal of Behavioral Development 35 (4): 358–369.
APA
Soenens, B., Berzonsky, M. D., Dunkel, C. S., Papini, D. R., & Vansteenkiste, M. (2011). Are all identity commitments created equally? The importance of motives for commitment for late adolescents’ personal adjustment. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF BEHAVIORAL DEVELOPMENT, 35(4), 358–369.
Vancouver
1.
Soenens B, Berzonsky MD, Dunkel CS, Papini DR, Vansteenkiste M. Are all identity commitments created equally? The importance of motives for commitment for late adolescents’ personal adjustment. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF BEHAVIORAL DEVELOPMENT. 2011;35(4):358–69.
MLA
Soenens, Bart, Michael D Berzonsky, Curtis S Dunkel, et al. “Are All Identity Commitments Created Equally? The Importance of Motives for Commitment for Late Adolescents’ Personal Adjustment.” INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF BEHAVIORAL DEVELOPMENT 35.4 (2011): 358–369. Print.
@article{2007959,
  abstract     = {On the basis of self-determination theory it is proposed that adolescents' motives for forming and maintaining identity-relevant commitments can be either autonomous or controlled in nature. This study examined whether motives for identity commitments would add to the prediction of late adolescents' adjustment beyond the effect of strength of commitment per se. In addition, it was examined how late adolescents' identity-processing styles would relate to motives for commitment and whether motives for commitment would mediate between identity styles and adjustment. In a sample of 431 late adolescents it was found that autonomous and controlled motives were, respectively, positively and negatively related to adjustment even after taking into account the role of strength of commitment. Each of the three identity styles showed a specific pattern of associations with the motives for commitment, with an information-oriented style relating to the most autonomous and internalized motivational profile. Mediation analyses showed that at least part of the associations between identity styles and adjustment are mediated by motives for commitment. Directions for future research are discussed.},
  author       = {Soenens, Bart and Berzonsky, Michael D and Dunkel, Curtis S and Papini, Dennis R and Vansteenkiste, Maarten},
  issn         = {0165-0254},
  journal      = {INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF BEHAVIORAL DEVELOPMENT},
  keyword      = {SELF-DETERMINATION,commitment,STRATEGIES,PRELIMINARY VALIDATION,EXPLORATION,DIFFERENCE,MEDIATORS,CAUSALITY,CONSTRUCT,PROFILES,STYLES,identity,identity style,motivation,late adolescence,self-determination theory},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {4},
  pages        = {358--369},
  title        = {Are all identity commitments created equally? The importance of motives for commitment for late adolescents' personal adjustment},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0165025411405954},
  volume       = {35},
  year         = {2011},
}

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