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What do parents think about parental participation in school-based interventions on energy balance-related behaviours? A qualitative study in 4 countries

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ENERGY
Abstract
BACKGROUND: Overweight and obesity in youth has increased dramatically. Therefore, overweight prevention initiatives should start early in life and target modifiable energy balance-related behaviours. Parental participation is often advocated as important for school-based interventions, however, getting parents involved in school-based interventions appears to be challenging based on earlier intervention experiences. The purpose of this study was to get insight into the determinants of and perspectives on parental participation in school-interventions on energy balance-related behaviours (physical activity, healthy eating, sedentary behaviours) in parents of ten- to twelve-year olds in order to develop an effective parental module for school-based interventions concerning energy balance-related behaviours. METHODS: Four countries (Belgium, Hungary, Norway and Spain) conducted the focus group research based on a standardised protocol and a semi-structured questioning route. A variation in parental socio-economic status (SES) and parental school involvement was taken into account when recruiting the parents. The audio taped interviews were transcribed, and a qualitative content analysis of the transcripts was conducted in each country. RESULTS: Seventeen focus group interviews were conducted with a total of 92 parents (12 men, 80 women). Physical activity was considered to be a joint responsibility of school and parents, nutrition as parent's responsibility but supported by the school, and prevention of sedentary behaviours as parent's sole responsibility. Parents proposed interactive and practical activities together with their child as the best way to involve them such as cooking, food tasting, nutrition workshops, walking or cycling tours, sport initiations together with their child. Activities should be cheap, on a convenient moment, focused on their children and not on themselves, not tutoring, not theoretical, and school-or home-based. CONCLUSIONS: Parents want to be involved in activities related to energy balance-related behaviours if this implies 'doing things together' with their child at school or at home.
Keywords
OBESITY PREVENTION, PHYSICAL-ACTIVITY, CHILDREN, YOUTH, ADOLESCENTS, INVOLVEMENT, EUROPE, PERSPECTIVES, STRATEGIES, NUTRITION

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Chicago
Van Lippevelde, Wendy, Maïté Verloigne, Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij, Mona Bjelland, Nanna Lien, Juan Fernández-Alvira, Luis Moreno, Eva Kovacs, Johannes Brug, and Lea Maes. 2011. “What Do Parents Think About Parental Participation in School-based Interventions on Energy Balance-related Behaviours? A Qualitative Study in 4 Countries.” Bmc Public Health 11.
APA
Van Lippevelde, W., Verloigne, M., De Bourdeaudhuij, I., Bjelland, M., Lien, N., Fernández-Alvira, J., Moreno, L., et al. (2011). What do parents think about parental participation in school-based interventions on energy balance-related behaviours? A qualitative study in 4 countries. BMC PUBLIC HEALTH, 11.
Vancouver
1.
Van Lippevelde W, Verloigne M, De Bourdeaudhuij I, Bjelland M, Lien N, Fernández-Alvira J, et al. What do parents think about parental participation in school-based interventions on energy balance-related behaviours? A qualitative study in 4 countries. BMC PUBLIC HEALTH. 2011;11.
MLA
Van Lippevelde, Wendy, Maïté Verloigne, Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij, et al. “What Do Parents Think About Parental Participation in School-based Interventions on Energy Balance-related Behaviours? A Qualitative Study in 4 Countries.” BMC PUBLIC HEALTH 11 (2011): n. pag. Print.
@article{2007174,
  abstract     = {BACKGROUND: Overweight and obesity in youth has increased dramatically. Therefore, overweight prevention initiatives should start early in life and target modifiable energy balance-related behaviours. Parental participation is often advocated as important for school-based interventions, however, getting parents involved in school-based interventions appears to be challenging based on earlier intervention experiences. The purpose of this study was to get insight into the determinants of and perspectives on parental participation in school-interventions on energy balance-related behaviours (physical activity, healthy eating, sedentary behaviours) in parents of ten- to twelve-year olds in order to develop an effective parental module for school-based interventions concerning energy balance-related behaviours. METHODS: Four countries (Belgium, Hungary, Norway and Spain) conducted the focus group research based on a standardised protocol and a semi-structured questioning route. A variation in parental socio-economic status (SES) and parental school involvement was taken into account when recruiting the parents. The audio taped interviews were transcribed, and a qualitative content analysis of the transcripts was conducted in each country. RESULTS: Seventeen focus group interviews were conducted with a total of 92 parents (12 men, 80 women). Physical activity was considered to be a joint responsibility of school and parents, nutrition as parent's responsibility but supported by the school, and prevention of sedentary behaviours as parent's sole responsibility. Parents proposed interactive and practical activities together with their child as the best way to involve them such as cooking, food tasting, nutrition workshops, walking or cycling tours, sport initiations together with their child. Activities should be cheap, on a convenient moment, focused on their children and not on themselves, not tutoring, not theoretical, and school-or home-based. CONCLUSIONS: Parents want to be involved in activities related to energy balance-related behaviours if this implies 'doing things together' with their child at school or at home.},
  articleno    = {881},
  author       = {Van Lippevelde, Wendy and Verloigne, Ma{\"i}t{\'e} and De Bourdeaudhuij, Ilse and Bjelland, Mona and Lien, Nanna and Fern{\'a}ndez-Alvira, Juan and Moreno, Luis and Kovacs, Eva and Brug, Johannes and Maes, Lea},
  issn         = {1471-2458},
  journal      = {BMC PUBLIC HEALTH},
  keyword      = {OBESITY PREVENTION,PHYSICAL-ACTIVITY,CHILDREN,YOUTH,ADOLESCENTS,INVOLVEMENT,EUROPE,PERSPECTIVES,STRATEGIES,NUTRITION},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {11},
  title        = {What do parents think about parental participation in school-based interventions on energy balance-related behaviours? A qualitative study in 4 countries},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-11-881},
  volume       = {11},
  year         = {2011},
}

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