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Contrasting geographical distributions as a result of thermal tolerance and long-distance dispersal in two allegedly widespread tropical brown algae

(2012) PLOS ONE. 7(1).
Author
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Abstract
Background : Many tropical marine macroalgae are reported from all three ocean basins, though these very wide distributions may simply be an artifact resulting from inadequate taxonomy that fails to take into account cryptic diversity. Alternatively, pantropical distributions challenge the belief of limited intrinsic dispersal capacity of marine seaweeds and the effectiveness of the north-south oriented continents as dispersal barriers. We aimed to re-assess the distribution of two allegedly circumtropical brown algae, Dictyota ciliolata and D. crenulata, and interpret the realized geographical range of the respective species in relation to their thermal tolerance and major tectonic and climatic events during the Cenozoic. Methodology/Principal Findings : Species delimitation was based on 184 chloroplast encoded psbA sequences, using a Generalized Mixed Yule Coalescent method. Phylogenetic relationships were inferred by analyzing a six-gene dataset. Divergence times were estimated using relaxed molecular clock methods and published calibration data. Distribution ranges of the species were inferred from DNA-confirmed records, complemented with credible literature data and herbarium vouchers. Temperature tolerances of the species were determined by correlating distribution records with local SST values. We found considerable conflict between traditional and DNA-based species definitions. Dictyota crenulata consists of several pseudocryptic species, which have restricted distributions in the Atlantic Ocean and Pacific Central America. In contrast, the pantropical distribution of D. ciliolata is confirmed and linked to its significantly wider temperature tolerance. Conclusions/Significance : Tectonically driven rearrangements of physical barriers left an unequivocal imprint on the current diversity patterns of marine macroalgae, as witnessed by the D. crenulata–complex. The nearly circumglobal tropical distribution of D. ciliolata, however, demonstrates that the north-south oriented continents do not present absolute dispersal barriers for species characterized by wide temperature tolerances.
Keywords
HALIMEDA BRYOPSIDALES, SPECIES DELIMITATION, COMPLEX CHLOROPHYTA, PROPAGULE DISPERSAL, MOLECULAR PHYLOGENY, SEQUENCE ANALYSES, PACIFIC BARRIER, DNA TAXONOMY, MARINE, SPECIATION

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Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

Chicago
Tronholm, Ana, Frédérik Leliaert, Marta Sansón, Julio Afonso-Carrillo, Lennert Tyberghein, Heroen Verbruggen, and Olivier De Clerck. 2012. “Contrasting Geographical Distributions as a Result of Thermal Tolerance and Long-distance Dispersal in Two Allegedly Widespread Tropical Brown Algae.” Plos One 7 (1).
APA
Tronholm, A., Leliaert, F., Sansón, M., Afonso-Carrillo, J., Tyberghein, L., Verbruggen, H., & De Clerck, O. (2012). Contrasting geographical distributions as a result of thermal tolerance and long-distance dispersal in two allegedly widespread tropical brown algae. PLOS ONE, 7(1).
Vancouver
1.
Tronholm A, Leliaert F, Sansón M, Afonso-Carrillo J, Tyberghein L, Verbruggen H, et al. Contrasting geographical distributions as a result of thermal tolerance and long-distance dispersal in two allegedly widespread tropical brown algae. PLOS ONE. 2012;7(1).
MLA
Tronholm, Ana, Frédérik Leliaert, Marta Sansón, et al. “Contrasting Geographical Distributions as a Result of Thermal Tolerance and Long-distance Dispersal in Two Allegedly Widespread Tropical Brown Algae.” PLOS ONE 7.1 (2012): n. pag. Print.
@article{2006152,
  abstract     = {Background : Many tropical marine macroalgae are reported from all three ocean basins, though these very wide distributions may simply be an artifact resulting from inadequate taxonomy that fails to take into account cryptic diversity. Alternatively, pantropical distributions challenge the belief of limited intrinsic dispersal capacity of marine seaweeds and the effectiveness of the north-south oriented continents as dispersal barriers. We aimed to re-assess the distribution of two allegedly circumtropical brown algae, Dictyota ciliolata and D. crenulata, and interpret the realized geographical range of the respective species in relation to their thermal tolerance and major tectonic and climatic events during the Cenozoic.
Methodology/Principal Findings : Species delimitation was based on 184 chloroplast encoded psbA sequences, using a Generalized Mixed Yule Coalescent method. Phylogenetic relationships were inferred by analyzing a six-gene dataset. Divergence times were estimated using relaxed molecular clock methods and published calibration data. Distribution ranges of the species were inferred from DNA-confirmed records, complemented with credible literature data and herbarium vouchers. Temperature tolerances of the species were determined by correlating distribution records with local SST values. We found considerable conflict between traditional and DNA-based species definitions. Dictyota crenulata consists of several pseudocryptic species, which have restricted distributions in the Atlantic Ocean and Pacific Central America. In contrast, the pantropical distribution of D. ciliolata is confirmed and linked to its significantly wider temperature tolerance.
Conclusions/Significance : Tectonically driven rearrangements of physical barriers left an unequivocal imprint on the current diversity patterns of marine macroalgae, as witnessed by the D. crenulata--complex. The nearly circumglobal tropical distribution of D. ciliolata, however, demonstrates that the north-south oriented continents do not present absolute dispersal barriers for species characterized by wide temperature tolerances.},
  articleno    = {e30813},
  author       = {Tronholm, Ana and Leliaert, Fr{\'e}d{\'e}rik and Sans{\'o}n, Marta and Afonso-Carrillo, Julio and Tyberghein, Lennert and Verbruggen, Heroen and De Clerck, Olivier},
  issn         = {1932-6203},
  journal      = {PLOS ONE},
  keyword      = {HALIMEDA BRYOPSIDALES,SPECIES DELIMITATION,COMPLEX CHLOROPHYTA,PROPAGULE DISPERSAL,MOLECULAR PHYLOGENY,SEQUENCE ANALYSES,PACIFIC BARRIER,DNA TAXONOMY,MARINE,SPECIATION},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {10},
  title        = {Contrasting geographical distributions as a result of thermal tolerance and long-distance dispersal in two allegedly widespread tropical brown algae},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0030813},
  volume       = {7},
  year         = {2012},
}

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