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The influence of emotional stimuli on attention orienting and inhibitory control in pediatric anxiety

Sven Müller UGent, Michael Hardin, Karin Mogg, Valerie Benson, Brendan Bradley, Marie Lousie Reinholdt-Dunne, Simon Liversedge, Daniel Pine and Monique Ernst (2012) JOURNAL OF CHILD PSYCHOLOGY AND PSYCHIATRY. 53(8). p.856-863
abstract
Background: Anxiety disorders are highly prevalent in children and adolescents, and are associated with aberrant emotion-related attention orienting and inhibitory control. While recent studies conducted with high-trait anxious adults have employed novel emotion-modified antisaccade tasks to examine the influence of emotional information on orienting and inhibition, similar studies have yet to be conducted in youths. Methods: Participants were 22 children/adolescents diagnosed with an anxiety disorder, and 22 age-matched healthy comparison youths. Participants completed an emotion-modified antisaccade task that was similar to those used in studies of high-trait anxious adults. This task probed the influence of abruptly appearing neutral, happy, angry, or fear stimuli on orienting (prosaccade) or inhibitory (antisaccade) responses. Results: Anxious compared to healthy children showed facilitated orienting toward angry stimuli. With respect to inhibitory processes, threat-related information improved antisaccade accuracy in healthy but not anxious youth. These findings were not linked to individual levels of reported anxiety or specific anxiety disorders. Conclusions: Findings suggest that anxious relative to healthy children manifest enhanced orienting toward threat-related stimuli. In addition, the current findings suggest that threat may modulate inhibitory control during adolescent development.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
journalArticle (original)
publication status
published
subject
keyword
ANTISACCADE TASK, EYE-MOVEMENT, FACIAL EXPRESSIONS, DISORDERS, THREAT, PERFORMANCE, BIAS, ADOLESCENCE, PREVALENCE, MECHANISMS, Anxiety, development, children, emotion, orienting, inhibition, bias, saccade
journal title
JOURNAL OF CHILD PSYCHOLOGY AND PSYCHIATRY
J. Child Psychol. Psychiatry
volume
53
issue
8
pages
856 - 863
Web of Science type
Article
Web of Science id
000306310200007
JCR category
PSYCHOLOGY, DEVELOPMENTAL
JCR impact factor
5.422 (2012)
JCR rank
2/65 (2012)
JCR quartile
1 (2012)
ISSN
0021-9630
DOI
10.1111/j.1469-7610.2012.02541.x
project
The integrative neuroscience of behavioral control (Neuroscience)
language
English
UGent publication?
yes
classification
A1
copyright statement
I have transferred the copyright for this publication to the publisher
id
2004789
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-2004789
date created
2012-01-26 12:07:26
date last changed
2016-12-19 15:42:54
@article{2004789,
  abstract     = {Background: Anxiety disorders are highly prevalent in children and adolescents, and are associated with aberrant emotion-related attention orienting and inhibitory control. While recent studies conducted with high-trait anxious adults have employed novel emotion-modified antisaccade tasks to examine the influence of emotional information on orienting and inhibition, similar studies have yet to be conducted in youths. Methods: Participants were 22 children/adolescents diagnosed with an anxiety disorder, and 22 age-matched healthy comparison youths. Participants completed an emotion-modified antisaccade task that was similar to those used in studies of high-trait anxious adults. This task probed the influence of abruptly appearing neutral, happy, angry, or fear stimuli on orienting (prosaccade) or inhibitory (antisaccade) responses. Results: Anxious compared to healthy children showed facilitated orienting toward angry stimuli. With respect to inhibitory processes, threat-related information improved antisaccade accuracy in healthy but not anxious youth. These findings were not linked to individual levels of reported anxiety or specific anxiety disorders. Conclusions: Findings suggest that anxious relative to healthy children manifest enhanced orienting toward threat-related stimuli. In addition, the current findings suggest that threat may modulate inhibitory control during adolescent development.},
  author       = {M{\"u}ller, Sven and Hardin, Michael and Mogg, Karin and Benson, Valerie and Bradley, Brendan and Reinholdt-Dunne, Marie Lousie and Liversedge, Simon and Pine, Daniel and Ernst, Monique},
  issn         = {0021-9630},
  journal      = {JOURNAL OF CHILD PSYCHOLOGY AND PSYCHIATRY},
  keyword      = {ANTISACCADE TASK,EYE-MOVEMENT,FACIAL EXPRESSIONS,DISORDERS,THREAT,PERFORMANCE,BIAS,ADOLESCENCE,PREVALENCE,MECHANISMS,Anxiety,development,children,emotion,orienting,inhibition,bias,saccade},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {8},
  pages        = {856--863},
  title        = {The influence of emotional stimuli on attention orienting and inhibitory control in pediatric anxiety},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-7610.2012.02541.x},
  volume       = {53},
  year         = {2012},
}

Chicago
Müller, Sven, Michael Hardin, Karin Mogg, Valerie Benson, Brendan Bradley, Marie Lousie Reinholdt-Dunne, Simon Liversedge, Daniel Pine, and Monique Ernst. 2012. “The Influence of Emotional Stimuli on Attention Orienting and Inhibitory Control in Pediatric Anxiety.” Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry 53 (8): 856–863.
APA
Müller, Sven, Hardin, M., Mogg, K., Benson, V., Bradley, B., Reinholdt-Dunne, M. L., Liversedge, S., et al. (2012). The influence of emotional stimuli on attention orienting and inhibitory control in pediatric anxiety. JOURNAL OF CHILD PSYCHOLOGY AND PSYCHIATRY, 53(8), 856–863.
Vancouver
1.
Müller S, Hardin M, Mogg K, Benson V, Bradley B, Reinholdt-Dunne ML, et al. The influence of emotional stimuli on attention orienting and inhibitory control in pediatric anxiety. JOURNAL OF CHILD PSYCHOLOGY AND PSYCHIATRY. 2012;53(8):856–63.
MLA
Müller, Sven, Michael Hardin, Karin Mogg, et al. “The Influence of Emotional Stimuli on Attention Orienting and Inhibitory Control in Pediatric Anxiety.” JOURNAL OF CHILD PSYCHOLOGY AND PSYCHIATRY 53.8 (2012): 856–863. Print.