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Anatomy and imaging of the equine metacarpophalangeal/metatarsophalangeal joint

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Abstract
The metacarpo-/metatarsophalangeal joint is a high motion joint and is therefore prone to be injured. Lameness attributable to the metacarpo-/metatarsophalangeal joint is a frequent cause of early retirement from athletic activity in horses and should therefore be detected as early as possible. The basis of the examination for lameness remains the clinical examination, including a complete motion examination in which the lameness is unambiguously localized by means of local anesthesia. A combination of radiography and ultrasonography is often sufficient for visualizing the lesions. However, in the absence of clear radiological or ultrasonographical findings, more advanced imaging modalities, such as computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), are necessary. The choice of technique largely depends on the tissue characteristics of the expected lesion, the cost restraints of the owner, and the willingness to take the risk of general anesthesia.
Keywords
METACARPOPHALANGEAL JOINT, COMPUTED-TOMOGRAPHY, SUBCHONDRAL BONE, METATARSOPHALANGEAL JOINTS, THOROUGHBRED YEARLINGS, RADIOGRAPHIC CHANGES, DIGITAL RADIOGRAPHY, CARTILAGE DEFECTS, 3RD METACARPAL, PART 1

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Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

Chicago
Hauspie, Stijn, Jeroen Declercq, Ann Martens, Davide D Zani, Erik HJ Bergman, and Jimmy Saunders. 2011. “Anatomy and Imaging of the Equine Metacarpophalangeal/metatarsophalangeal Joint.” Vlaams Diergeneeskundig Tijdschrift 80 (4): 263–270.
APA
Hauspie, S., Declercq, J., Martens, A., Zani, D. D., Bergman, E. H., & Saunders, J. (2011). Anatomy and imaging of the equine metacarpophalangeal/metatarsophalangeal joint. VLAAMS DIERGENEESKUNDIG TIJDSCHRIFT, 80(4), 263–270.
Vancouver
1.
Hauspie S, Declercq J, Martens A, Zani DD, Bergman EH, Saunders J. Anatomy and imaging of the equine metacarpophalangeal/metatarsophalangeal joint. VLAAMS DIERGENEESKUNDIG TIJDSCHRIFT. 2011;80(4):263–70.
MLA
Hauspie, Stijn, Jeroen Declercq, Ann Martens, et al. “Anatomy and Imaging of the Equine Metacarpophalangeal/metatarsophalangeal Joint.” VLAAMS DIERGENEESKUNDIG TIJDSCHRIFT 80.4 (2011): 263–270. Print.
@article{2004062,
  abstract     = {The metacarpo-/metatarsophalangeal joint is a high motion joint and is therefore prone to be injured. Lameness attributable to the metacarpo-/metatarsophalangeal joint is a frequent cause of early retirement from athletic activity in horses and should therefore be detected as early as possible. The basis of the examination for lameness remains the clinical examination, including a complete motion examination in which the lameness is unambiguously localized by means of local anesthesia. A combination of radiography and ultrasonography is often sufficient for visualizing the lesions. 
However, in the absence of clear radiological or ultrasonographical findings, more advanced imaging modalities, such as computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), are necessary. The choice of technique largely depends on the tissue characteristics of the expected lesion, the cost restraints of the owner, and the willingness to take the risk of general anesthesia.},
  author       = {Hauspie, Stijn and Declercq, Jeroen and Martens, Ann and Zani, Davide D and Bergman, Erik HJ and Saunders, Jimmy},
  issn         = {0303-9021},
  journal      = {VLAAMS DIERGENEESKUNDIG TIJDSCHRIFT},
  keyword      = {METACARPOPHALANGEAL JOINT,COMPUTED-TOMOGRAPHY,SUBCHONDRAL BONE,METATARSOPHALANGEAL JOINTS,THOROUGHBRED YEARLINGS,RADIOGRAPHIC CHANGES,DIGITAL RADIOGRAPHY,CARTILAGE DEFECTS,3RD METACARPAL,PART 1},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {4},
  pages        = {263--270},
  title        = {Anatomy and imaging of the equine metacarpophalangeal/metatarsophalangeal joint},
  url          = {http://vdt.ugent.be/code/showupload.php?id=666},
  volume       = {80},
  year         = {2011},
}

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