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Mechanical design of the huggable robot Probo

Author
Organization
Abstract
This paper reports on the mechanical design of the huggable robot Probo. Its intentions include human–robot interaction (HRI), both physical and cognitive, with a special focus on children. Since most of the communication passes through nonverbal cues and since people rely on face-to-face communication, the focus of Probo's communicative skills lies initially on facial expressions. The robot has 20 high-precision motors in its head and body. They are used to actuate the ears, eyebrows, eyelids, eyes, trunk, mouth, and neck. To build safety aspects intrinsically in the robot's hardware, all the motors are linked with flexible components. In case of a collision, the robot will be elastic and safety will be ensured. The mechanics of Probo are covered by protecting plastic shells, foam, and soft fur. This gives Probo's animal-like look and makes the robot huggable.
Keywords
EXPRESSION, COMMUNICATION, design, interaction, Robotics

Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

Chicago
Goris, Kristof, Jelle Saldien, Bram Vanderborght, and Dirk Lefeber. 2011. “Mechanical Design of the Huggable Robot Probo.” International Journal of Humanoid Robotics 8 (3): 481–511.
APA
Goris, Kristof, Saldien, J., Vanderborght, B., & Lefeber, D. (2011). Mechanical design of the huggable robot Probo. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HUMANOID ROBOTICS, 8(3), 481–511.
Vancouver
1.
Goris K, Saldien J, Vanderborght B, Lefeber D. Mechanical design of the huggable robot Probo. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HUMANOID ROBOTICS. 2011;8(3):481–511.
MLA
Goris, Kristof, Jelle Saldien, Bram Vanderborght, et al. “Mechanical Design of the Huggable Robot Probo.” INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HUMANOID ROBOTICS 8.3 (2011): 481–511. Print.
@article{2003711,
  abstract     = {This paper reports on the mechanical design of the huggable robot Probo. Its intentions include human--robot interaction (HRI), both physical and cognitive, with a special focus on children. Since most of the communication passes through nonverbal cues and since people rely on face-to-face communication, the focus of Probo's communicative skills lies initially on facial expressions. The robot has 20 high-precision motors in its head and body. They are used to actuate the ears, eyebrows, eyelids, eyes, trunk, mouth, and neck. To build safety aspects intrinsically in the robot's hardware, all the motors are linked with flexible components. In case of a collision, the robot will be elastic and safety will be ensured. The mechanics of Probo are covered by protecting plastic shells, foam, and soft fur. This gives Probo's animal-like look and makes the robot huggable.},
  author       = {Goris, Kristof and Saldien, Jelle and Vanderborght, Bram and Lefeber, Dirk},
  issn         = {0219-8436},
  journal      = {INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HUMANOID ROBOTICS},
  keyword      = {EXPRESSION,COMMUNICATION,design,interaction,Robotics},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {3},
  pages        = {481--511},
  title        = {Mechanical design of the huggable robot Probo},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1142/S0219843611002563},
  volume       = {8},
  year         = {2011},
}

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