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Adding meaning to Facebook microposts via a mash-up API and tracking its data provenance

Thomas Steiner, Ruben Verborgh UGent, Joaquim Gabarró Vallés and Rik Van de Walle UGent (2011) 2011 7th International Conference on Next Generation Web Services Practices. p.342-345
abstract
The social networking website Facebook offers to its users a feature called ldquostatus updatesrdquo (or just ldquostatusrdquo), which allows users to create microposts directed to all their contacts, or a subset thereof. Readers can respond to microposts, or in addition to that also click a ldquoLikerdquo button to show their appreciation for a certain micropost. Adding semantic meaning in the sense of unambiguous intended ideas to such microposts can, for example, be achieved via Natural Language Processing (NLP). Therefore, we have implemented a RESTful mash-up NLP API, which is based on a combination of several third party NLP APIs in order to retrieve more accurate results in the sense of emergence. In consequence, our API uses third party APIs opaquely in the background in order to deliver its output. In this paper, we describe how one can keep track of provenance, and credit back the contributions of each single API to the combined result of all APIs. In addition to that, we show how the existence of provenance metadata can help understand the way a combined result is formed, and optimize the result combination process. Therefore, we use the HTTP Vocabulary in RDF and the Provenance Vocabulary. The main contribution of our work is a description of how provenance metadata can be automatically added to the output of mash-up APIs like the one presented here.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
conference
publication status
published
subject
keyword
meta data, application program interfaces, natural language processing, social networking (online), vocabulary
in
2011 7th International Conference on Next Generation Web Services Practices
editor
Ajith Abraham, Emilio Corchado, Sang-Yong Han, Weisen Guo, Juan Corchado and Athanasios Vasilakos
pages
342 - 345
publisher
IEEE
place of publication
Piscataway, NJ, USA
conference name
7th International conference on Next Generation Web Services Practices
conference location
Salamanca, Spain
conference start
2011-10-19
conference end
2011-10-21
Web of Science type
Conference Paper
Web of Science id
12405563
ISBN
9781457711275
9781457711268
9781457711251
DOI
10.1109/NWeSP.2011.6088202
language
English
UGent publication?
yes
classification
C1
copyright statement
I have transferred the copyright for this publication to the publisher
id
2003163
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-2003163
date created
2012-01-25 14:23:27
date last changed
2012-02-29 13:26:15
@inproceedings{2003163,
  abstract     = {The social networking website Facebook offers to its users a feature called ldquostatus updatesrdquo (or just ldquostatusrdquo), which allows users to create microposts directed to all their contacts, or a subset thereof. Readers can respond to microposts, or in addition to that also click a ldquoLikerdquo button to show their appreciation for a certain micropost. Adding semantic meaning in the sense of unambiguous intended ideas to such microposts can, for example, be achieved via Natural Language Processing (NLP). Therefore, we have implemented a RESTful mash-up NLP API, which is based on a combination of several third party NLP APIs in order to retrieve more accurate results in the sense of emergence. In consequence, our API uses third party APIs opaquely in the background in order to deliver its output. In this paper, we describe how one can keep track of provenance, and credit back the contributions of each single API to the combined result of all APIs. In addition to that, we show how the existence of provenance metadata can help understand the way a combined result is formed, and optimize the result combination process. Therefore, we use the HTTP Vocabulary in RDF and the Provenance Vocabulary. The main contribution of our work is a description of how provenance metadata can be automatically added to the output of mash-up APIs like the one presented here.},
  author       = {Steiner, Thomas and Verborgh, Ruben and Vall{\'e}s, Joaquim Gabarr{\'o} and Van de Walle, Rik},
  booktitle    = {2011 7th International Conference on Next Generation Web Services Practices},
  editor       = {Abraham, Ajith and Corchado, Emilio and Han, Sang-Yong and Guo, Weisen and Corchado, Juan and Vasilakos, Athanasios},
  isbn         = {9781457711275},
  keyword      = {meta data,application program interfaces,natural language processing,social networking (online),vocabulary},
  language     = {eng},
  location     = {Salamanca, Spain},
  pages        = {342--345},
  publisher    = {IEEE},
  title        = {Adding meaning to Facebook microposts via a mash-up API and tracking its data provenance},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/NWeSP.2011.6088202},
  year         = {2011},
}

Chicago
Steiner, Thomas, Ruben Verborgh, Joaquim Gabarró Vallés, and Rik Van de Walle. 2011. “Adding Meaning to Facebook Microposts via a Mash-up API and Tracking Its Data Provenance.” In 2011 7th International Conference on Next Generation Web Services Practices, ed. Ajith Abraham, Emilio Corchado, Sang-Yong Han, Weisen Guo, Juan Corchado, and Athanasios Vasilakos, 342–345. Piscataway, NJ, USA: IEEE.
APA
Steiner, T., Verborgh, R., Vallés, J. G., & Van de Walle, R. (2011). Adding meaning to Facebook microposts via a mash-up API and tracking its data provenance. In A. Abraham, E. Corchado, S.-Y. Han, W. Guo, J. Corchado, & A. Vasilakos (Eds.), 2011 7th International Conference on Next Generation Web Services Practices (pp. 342–345). Presented at the 7th International conference on Next Generation Web Services Practices, Piscataway, NJ, USA: IEEE.
Vancouver
1.
Steiner T, Verborgh R, Vallés JG, Van de Walle R. Adding meaning to Facebook microposts via a mash-up API and tracking its data provenance. In: Abraham A, Corchado E, Han S-Y, Guo W, Corchado J, Vasilakos A, editors. 2011 7th International Conference on Next Generation Web Services Practices. Piscataway, NJ, USA: IEEE; 2011. p. 342–5.
MLA
Steiner, Thomas, Ruben Verborgh, Joaquim Gabarró Vallés, et al. “Adding Meaning to Facebook Microposts via a Mash-up API and Tracking Its Data Provenance.” 2011 7th International Conference on Next Generation Web Services Practices. Ed. Ajith Abraham et al. Piscataway, NJ, USA: IEEE, 2011. 342–345. Print.