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Orienting to errors with and without immediate feedback

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BOF Grant B/09928/02
Abstract
A slow-down in reaction time (RT) after committing an error is a well-known effect. Recently, Notebaert and colleagues (Notebaert et al., 2009; Núñez Castellar, Kuhn, Fias, & Notebaert, 2010) suggested that posterror slowing is a reaction to the infrequent nature of errors. After infrequent errors, posterror slowing was observed but after infrequent correct trials, postcorrect slowing was observed. These data were obtained in a paradigm with trial-by-trial feedback. In this study we tested whether posterror slowing was similar with and without immediate feedback. We manipulated the overall accuracy parametrically per condition (50%, 70%, and 90% accuracy) and predicted an increase in posterror slowing as the accuracy increased. This linear effect was observed with and without immediate feedback. The data are interpreted in terms of an orienting response towards unexpected events.
Keywords
BRAIN POTENTIALS, RESPONSE ERRORS, COGNITIVE CONTROL, TASK, ADJUSTMENTS, Feedback, Orienting account, Posterror slowing

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Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

Chicago
Houtman, Femke, Elena Patricia Nunez Castellar, and Wim Notebaert. 2012. “Orienting to Errors with and Without Immediate Feedback.” Journal of Cognitive Psychology 24 (3): 278–285.
APA
Houtman, F., Nunez Castellar, E. P., & Notebaert, W. (2012). Orienting to errors with and without immediate feedback. JOURNAL OF COGNITIVE PSYCHOLOGY, 24(3), 278–285.
Vancouver
1.
Houtman F, Nunez Castellar EP, Notebaert W. Orienting to errors with and without immediate feedback. JOURNAL OF COGNITIVE PSYCHOLOGY. 2012;24(3):278–85.
MLA
Houtman, Femke, Elena Patricia Nunez Castellar, and Wim Notebaert. “Orienting to Errors with and Without Immediate Feedback.” JOURNAL OF COGNITIVE PSYCHOLOGY 24.3 (2012): 278–285. Print.
@article{2001805,
  abstract     = {A slow-down in reaction time (RT) after committing an error is a well-known effect. Recently, Notebaert and colleagues (Notebaert et al., 2009; N{\'u}{\~n}ez Castellar, Kuhn, Fias, \& Notebaert, 2010) suggested that posterror slowing is a reaction to the infrequent nature of errors. After infrequent errors, posterror slowing was observed but after infrequent correct trials, postcorrect slowing was observed. These data were obtained in a paradigm with trial-by-trial feedback. In this study we tested whether posterror slowing was similar with and without immediate feedback. We manipulated the overall accuracy parametrically per condition (50\%, 70\%, and 90\% accuracy) and predicted an increase in posterror slowing as the accuracy increased. This linear effect was observed with and without immediate feedback. The data are interpreted in terms of an orienting response towards unexpected events.},
  author       = {Houtman, Femke and Nunez Castellar, Elena Patricia and Notebaert, Wim},
  issn         = {2044-5911},
  journal      = {JOURNAL OF COGNITIVE PSYCHOLOGY},
  keyword      = {BRAIN POTENTIALS,RESPONSE ERRORS,COGNITIVE CONTROL,TASK,ADJUSTMENTS,Feedback,Orienting account,Posterror slowing},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {3},
  pages        = {278--285},
  title        = {Orienting to errors with and without immediate feedback},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/20445911.2011.617301},
  volume       = {24},
  year         = {2012},
}

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