Ghent University Academic Bibliography

Advanced

The Chitranjan Ranawat award: is neutral mechanical alignment normal for all patients?: the concept of constitutional varus

Johan Bellemans, William Colyn, Hilde Vandenneucker and Jan Victor UGent (2012) CLINICAL ORTHOPAEDICS AND RELATED RESEARCH. 470(1). p.45-53
abstract
Background Most knee surgeons have believed during TKA neutral mechanical alignment should be restored. A number of patients may exist, however, for whom neutral mechanical alignment is abnormal. Patients with so-called "constitutional varus" knees have had varus alignment since they reached skeletal maturity. Restoring neutral alignment in these cases may in fact be abnormal and undesirable and would likely require some degree of medial soft tissue release to achieve neutral alignment. Questions/purposes We investigated what percentage of the normal population has constitutional varus knees and what are the contributing factors. Subjects and Methods We recruited a cohort of 250 asymptomatic adult volunteers between 20 and 27 years old for this cross-sectional study. All volunteers had full-leg standing digital radiographs on which 19 alignment parameters were analyzed. The incidence of constitutional varus alignment was determined and contributing factors were analyzed using multivariate prediction models. Results Thirty-two percent of men and 17% of women had constitutional varus knees with a natural mechanical alignment of 3A degrees varus or more. Constitutional varus was associated with increased sports activity during growth, increased femoral varus bowing, an increased varus femoral neck-shaft angle, and an increased femoral anatomic mechanical angle. Conclusions An important fraction of the normal population has a natural alignment at the end of growth of 3A degrees varus or more. This might be a consequence of Hueter-Volkmann's law. Restoration of mechanical alignment to neutral in these cases may not be desirable and would be unnatural for them.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
journalArticle (original)
publication status
published
subject
keyword
LOWER-LIMB ALIGNMENT, TOTAL KNEE ARTHROPLASTY, LOWER-EXTREMITY, AXIAL ALIGNMENT, GUIDED GROWTH, REPLACEMENT, RADIOGRAPHS, OSTEOARTHRITIS, DEFORMITY, SURVIVAL
journal title
CLINICAL ORTHOPAEDICS AND RELATED RESEARCH
Clin. Orthop. Rel. Res.
volume
470
issue
1
pages
45 - 53
Web of Science type
Article
Web of Science id
000298103100005
JCR category
ORTHOPEDICS
JCR impact factor
2.787 (2012)
JCR rank
8/63 (2012)
JCR quartile
1 (2012)
ISSN
0009-921X
DOI
10.1007/s11999-011-1936-5
language
English
UGent publication?
no
classification
A1
copyright statement
I have transferred the copyright for this publication to the publisher
id
1998078
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-1998078
date created
2012-01-20 11:05:02
date last changed
2012-02-10 10:56:01
@article{1998078,
  abstract     = {Background Most knee surgeons have believed during TKA neutral mechanical alignment should be restored. A number of patients may exist, however, for whom neutral mechanical alignment is abnormal. Patients with so-called {\textacutedbl}constitutional varus{\textacutedbl} knees have had varus alignment since they reached skeletal maturity. Restoring neutral alignment in these cases may in fact be abnormal and undesirable and would likely require some degree of medial soft tissue release to achieve neutral alignment. 
Questions/purposes We investigated what percentage of the normal population has constitutional varus knees and what are the contributing factors. 
Subjects and Methods We recruited a cohort of 250 asymptomatic adult volunteers between 20 and 27 years old for this cross-sectional study. All volunteers had full-leg standing digital radiographs on which 19 alignment parameters were analyzed. The incidence of constitutional varus alignment was determined and contributing factors were analyzed using multivariate prediction models. 
Results Thirty-two percent of men and 17\% of women had constitutional varus knees with a natural mechanical alignment of 3A degrees varus or more. Constitutional varus was associated with increased sports activity during growth, increased femoral varus bowing, an increased varus femoral neck-shaft angle, and an increased femoral anatomic mechanical angle. 
Conclusions An important fraction of the normal population has a natural alignment at the end of growth of 3A degrees varus or more. This might be a consequence of Hueter-Volkmann's law. Restoration of mechanical alignment to neutral in these cases may not be desirable and would be unnatural for them.},
  author       = {Bellemans, Johan and Colyn, William and Vandenneucker, Hilde and Victor, Jan},
  issn         = {0009-921X},
  journal      = {CLINICAL ORTHOPAEDICS AND RELATED RESEARCH},
  keyword      = {LOWER-LIMB ALIGNMENT,TOTAL KNEE ARTHROPLASTY,LOWER-EXTREMITY,AXIAL ALIGNMENT,GUIDED GROWTH,REPLACEMENT,RADIOGRAPHS,OSTEOARTHRITIS,DEFORMITY,SURVIVAL},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {45--53},
  title        = {The Chitranjan Ranawat award: is neutral mechanical alignment normal for all patients?: the concept of constitutional varus},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11999-011-1936-5},
  volume       = {470},
  year         = {2012},
}

Chicago
Bellemans, Johan, William Colyn, Hilde Vandenneucker, and Jan Victor. 2012. “The Chitranjan Ranawat Award: Is Neutral Mechanical Alignment Normal for All Patients?: The Concept of Constitutional Varus.” Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research 470 (1): 45–53.
APA
Bellemans, J., Colyn, W., Vandenneucker, H., & Victor, J. (2012). The Chitranjan Ranawat award: is neutral mechanical alignment normal for all patients?: the concept of constitutional varus. CLINICAL ORTHOPAEDICS AND RELATED RESEARCH, 470(1), 45–53.
Vancouver
1.
Bellemans J, Colyn W, Vandenneucker H, Victor J. The Chitranjan Ranawat award: is neutral mechanical alignment normal for all patients?: the concept of constitutional varus. CLINICAL ORTHOPAEDICS AND RELATED RESEARCH. 2012;470(1):45–53.
MLA
Bellemans, Johan, William Colyn, Hilde Vandenneucker, et al. “The Chitranjan Ranawat Award: Is Neutral Mechanical Alignment Normal for All Patients?: The Concept of Constitutional Varus.” CLINICAL ORTHOPAEDICS AND RELATED RESEARCH 470.1 (2012): 45–53. Print.