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Prospective evaluation of clinical voiding reeducation or voiding school for lower urinary tract conditions in children

Piet Hoebeke (UGent) , Catherine Renson (UGent) , Mieke De Schryver (UGent) , Lynn De Schrijver (UGent) , Ellen Leenaerts (UGent) , Alien Schoenaers (UGent) , Ellen Deschepper (UGent) , Johan Vande Walle (UGent) and Christine Van den Broeck (UGent)
(2011) JOURNAL OF UROLOGY. 186(2). p.648-654
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Abstract
Purpose: We conducted a prospective controlled study evaluating the results of a clinical voiding reeducation program (voiding school) for treatment of lower urinary tract conditions in children compared to no treatment. Materials and Methods: A total of 38 children with nonneurogenic lower urinary tract conditions were included in the study. Controls, consisting of 15 children on the waiting list for the same program, received no treatment. The clinical voiding reeducation program consisted of instruction on voiding and drinking, individualized voiding diaries, pelvic floor biofeedback training, uroflowmetry, alarm therapy, cognitive therapy and psychological support. Data on voiding, drinking, pelvic floor control, voided volume, uroflow, incontinence and stool habits were gathered before the program, during the program and 6 months after the program. In the control group the same data were gathered. Results: In the study group a positive effect of voiding school was observed in 92% of children, with 42% becoming completely dry, 24% improving from incontinence during the day and night to incontinence during the day or night only, and 26% remaining incontinent. In all patients the number and amount of incontinence episodes decreased. In the control group no differences were observed between the start of study and 6 months later. The study group did significantly better on voided volume and incontinence compared to controls. Conclusions: In this prospective controlled study a positive effect was noted on voided volume and incontinence with a clinical voiding reeducation program (voiding school).
Keywords
urinary incontinence, nocturnal enuresis, diurnal enuresis, biofeedback, psychology, urinary tract, PELVIC-FLOOR THERAPY, NOCTURNAL ENURESIS, CONTINENCE-SOCIETY, INCONTINENCE, STANDARDIZATION, TERMINOLOGY, DYSFUNCTION, BLADDER, REHABILITATION, BIOFEEDBACK

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Chicago
Hoebeke, Piet, Catherine Renson, Mieke De Schryver, Lynn De Schrijver, Ellen Leenaerts, Alien Schoenaers, Ellen Deschepper, Johan Vande Walle, and Christine Van den Broeck. 2011. “Prospective Evaluation of Clinical Voiding Reeducation or Voiding School for Lower Urinary Tract Conditions in Children.” Journal of Urology 186 (2): 648–654.
APA
Hoebeke, P., Renson, C., De Schryver, M., De Schrijver, L., Leenaerts, E., Schoenaers, A., Deschepper, E., et al. (2011). Prospective evaluation of clinical voiding reeducation or voiding school for lower urinary tract conditions in children. JOURNAL OF UROLOGY, 186(2), 648–654.
Vancouver
1.
Hoebeke P, Renson C, De Schryver M, De Schrijver L, Leenaerts E, Schoenaers A, et al. Prospective evaluation of clinical voiding reeducation or voiding school for lower urinary tract conditions in children. JOURNAL OF UROLOGY. 2011;186(2):648–54.
MLA
Hoebeke, Piet, Catherine Renson, Mieke De Schryver, et al. “Prospective Evaluation of Clinical Voiding Reeducation or Voiding School for Lower Urinary Tract Conditions in Children.” JOURNAL OF UROLOGY 186.2 (2011): 648–654. Print.
@article{1996911,
  abstract     = {Purpose: We conducted a prospective controlled study evaluating the results of a clinical voiding reeducation program (voiding school) for treatment of lower urinary tract conditions in children compared to no treatment. 
Materials and Methods: A total of 38 children with nonneurogenic lower urinary tract conditions were included in the study. Controls, consisting of 15 children on the waiting list for the same program, received no treatment. The clinical voiding reeducation program consisted of instruction on voiding and drinking, individualized voiding diaries, pelvic floor biofeedback training, uroflowmetry, alarm therapy, cognitive therapy and psychological support. Data on voiding, drinking, pelvic floor control, voided volume, uroflow, incontinence and stool habits were gathered before the program, during the program and 6 months after the program. In the control group the same data were gathered. 
Results: In the study group a positive effect of voiding school was observed in 92\% of children, with 42\% becoming completely dry, 24\% improving from incontinence during the day and night to incontinence during the day or night only, and 26\% remaining incontinent. In all patients the number and amount of incontinence episodes decreased. In the control group no differences were observed between the start of study and 6 months later. The study group did significantly better on voided volume and incontinence compared to controls. 
Conclusions: In this prospective controlled study a positive effect was noted on voided volume and incontinence with a clinical voiding reeducation program (voiding school).},
  author       = {Hoebeke, Piet and Renson, Catherine and De Schryver, Mieke and De Schrijver, Lynn and Leenaerts, Ellen and Schoenaers, Alien and Deschepper, Ellen and Vande Walle, Johan and Van den Broeck, Christine},
  issn         = {0022-5347},
  journal      = {JOURNAL OF UROLOGY},
  keyword      = {urinary incontinence,nocturnal enuresis,diurnal enuresis,biofeedback,psychology,urinary tract,PELVIC-FLOOR THERAPY,NOCTURNAL ENURESIS,CONTINENCE-SOCIETY,INCONTINENCE,STANDARDIZATION,TERMINOLOGY,DYSFUNCTION,BLADDER,REHABILITATION,BIOFEEDBACK},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {648--654},
  title        = {Prospective evaluation of clinical voiding reeducation or voiding school for lower urinary tract conditions in children},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.juro.2011.03.148},
  volume       = {186},
  year         = {2011},
}

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