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Biodiversity of compost mesofauna and its potential as an indicator of the composting process status

Hanne Steel (UGent) and Wim Bert (UGent)
(2012) DYNAMIC SOIL DYNAMIC PLANT. 5(spec. iss. 2). p.45-50
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Abstract
One of the key issues in compost research is to assess the quality and maturity of the compost. Biological parameters, especially based on mesofauna, have multiple advantages for monitoring a given system. The mesofauna of compost includes Isopoda, Myriapoda, Acari, Collembola, Oligochaeta, Tardigrada, Hexapoda, and Nematoda. This wide spectrum of organisms forms a complex and rapidly changing community. Up to the present, none of the dynamics, in relation to the composting process, of these taxa have been thoroughly investigated. However, from the mesofauna, only nematodes possess the necessary attributes to be potentially useful ecological indicators in compost. They occur in any compost pile that is investigated and in virtually all stages of the compost process. Compost nematodes can be placed into at least three functional or trophic groups. They occupy key positions in the compost foodweb and have a rapid respond to changes in the microbial activity that is translated in the proportion of functional (feeding) groups within a nematode community. Furthermore, there is a clear relationship between structure and function: the feeding behavior is easily deduced from the structure of the mouth cavity and pharynx. Thus, evaluation and interpretation of the abundance and function of nematode faunal assemblages or community structures offers an in situ assessment of the compost process.
Keywords
Myriapoda, Isopoda, Nematoda, Collembola, maturity, Acari, Oligochaeta, succession

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Citation

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Chicago
Steel, Hanne, and Wim Bert. 2012. “Biodiversity of Compost Mesofauna and Its Potential as an Indicator of the Composting Process Status.” Dynamic Soil Dynamic Plant 5 (spec. iss. 2): 45–50.
APA
Steel, Hanne, & Bert, W. (2012). Biodiversity of compost mesofauna and its potential as an indicator of the composting process status. DYNAMIC SOIL DYNAMIC PLANT, 5(spec. iss. 2), 45–50.
Vancouver
1.
Steel H, Bert W. Biodiversity of compost mesofauna and its potential as an indicator of the composting process status. DYNAMIC SOIL DYNAMIC PLANT. 2012;5(spec. iss. 2):45–50.
MLA
Steel, Hanne, and Wim Bert. “Biodiversity of Compost Mesofauna and Its Potential as an Indicator of the Composting Process Status.” DYNAMIC SOIL DYNAMIC PLANT 5.spec. iss. 2 (2012): 45–50. Print.
@article{1996013,
  abstract     = {One of the key issues in compost research is to assess the quality and maturity of the compost. Biological parameters, especially based on mesofauna, have multiple advantages for monitoring a given system. The mesofauna of compost includes Isopoda, Myriapoda, Acari, Collembola, Oligochaeta, Tardigrada, Hexapoda, and Nematoda. This wide spectrum of organisms forms a complex and rapidly changing community. Up to the present, none of the dynamics, in relation to the composting process, of these taxa have been thoroughly investigated. However, from the mesofauna, only nematodes possess the necessary attributes to be potentially useful ecological indicators in compost. They occur in any compost pile that is investigated and in virtually all stages of the compost process. Compost nematodes can be placed into at least three functional or trophic groups. They occupy key positions in the compost foodweb and have a rapid respond to changes in the microbial activity that is translated in the proportion of functional (feeding) groups within a nematode community. Furthermore, there is a clear relationship between structure and function: the feeding behavior is easily deduced from the structure of the mouth cavity and pharynx. Thus, evaluation and interpretation of the abundance and function of nematode faunal assemblages or community structures offers an in situ assessment of the compost process.},
  author       = {Steel, Hanne and Bert, Wim},
  issn         = {1749-6500},
  journal      = {DYNAMIC SOIL DYNAMIC PLANT},
  keyword      = {Myriapoda,Isopoda,Nematoda,Collembola,maturity,Acari,Oligochaeta,succession},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {spec. iss. 2},
  pages        = {45--50},
  title        = {Biodiversity of compost mesofauna and its potential as an indicator of the composting process status},
  url          = {http://www.globalsciencebooks.info/Journals/issuesDSDP.html},
  volume       = {5},
  year         = {2012},
}