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Comparison between the first and second versions of the Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire: psychosocial risk factors for a high need for recovery after work

Philippe Kiss UGent, Marc De Meester UGent, André Kruse, Brigitte Chavée and Lutgart Braeckman UGent (2013) INTERNATIONAL ARCHIVES OF OCCUPATIONAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH. 86(1). p.17-24
abstract
The Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire (COPSOQ I) was developed as a tool to assess a broad range of psychosocial work environment factors and was recently revised (COPSOQ II). The research question in this study was: Do COPSOQ II-scales predict a high need for recovery (NFR) after work better than COPSOQ I-scales? A cross-sectional questionnaire study was conducted in 990 subjects (84.5% response), employed in the public sector. Psychosocial factors were assessed by COPSOQ I and COPSOQ II. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to calculate the odds ratios for the presence of a high NFR, controlled for gender, age, physical workload and other relevant occupational and non-occupational factors. Analyses were performed for COPSOQ I and COPSOQ II separately. In both COPSOQ versions, 'quantitative demands' (p < 0.001) and 'job insecurity' (p < 0.005) were significantly associated with a high NFR. Additionally, in the COPSOQ I model, 'demands for hiding emotions' (p < 0.05) and 'degrees of freedom' (p < 0.05), and in the COPSOQ II model 'emotional demands' (p < 0.05) and 'commitment to the workplace' (p < 0.005) were significant as well. 'Degrees of freedom' was omitted by the developers in the revised COPSOQ II. Reintroducing it into the COPSOQ II model did not alter the existing associations, but pointed out 'degrees of freedom' to be an additional important dimension (p < 0.05). The COPSOQ II model with 'degrees of freedom' included also had the best data fit. The results suggested the COPSOQ II to be better predictive than COPSOQ I for a high NFR, but also indicated that 'degrees of freedom' should be included into the COPSOQ II when studying the NFR as outcome parameter.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
journalArticle (original)
publication status
published
subject
keyword
COPSOQ, Psychosocial work environment, Degrees of freedom, 2-YEAR PROSPECTIVE COHORT, SICKNESS ABSENCE, TRUCK DRIVERS, JOB STRAIN, HEALTH, FATIGUE, SCALE, RELIABILITY, ENVIRONMENT, VALIDITY
journal title
INTERNATIONAL ARCHIVES OF OCCUPATIONAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH
Int. Arch. Occup. Environ. Health
volume
86
issue
1
pages
17 - 24
Web of Science type
Article
Web of Science id
000313012900002
JCR category
PUBLIC, ENVIRONMENTAL & OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH
JCR impact factor
2.198 (2013)
JCR rank
54/162 (2013)
JCR quartile
2 (2013)
ISSN
0340-0131
DOI
10.1007/s00420-012-0741-0
language
English
UGent publication?
yes
classification
A1
copyright statement
I have transferred the copyright for this publication to the publisher
id
1995621
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-1995621
date created
2012-01-18 21:42:15
date last changed
2015-06-17 09:54:37
@article{1995621,
  abstract     = {The Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire (COPSOQ I) was developed as a tool to assess a broad range of psychosocial work environment factors and was recently revised (COPSOQ II). The research question in this study was: Do COPSOQ II-scales predict a high need for recovery (NFR) after work better than COPSOQ I-scales? 
A cross-sectional questionnaire study was conducted in 990 subjects (84.5\% response), employed in the public sector. Psychosocial factors were assessed by COPSOQ I and COPSOQ II. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to calculate the odds ratios for the presence of a high NFR, controlled for gender, age, physical workload and other relevant occupational and non-occupational factors. Analyses were performed for COPSOQ I and COPSOQ II separately. 
In both COPSOQ versions, 'quantitative demands' (p {\textlangle} 0.001) and 'job insecurity' (p {\textlangle} 0.005) were significantly associated with a high NFR. Additionally, in the COPSOQ I model, 'demands for hiding emotions' (p {\textlangle} 0.05) and 'degrees of freedom' (p {\textlangle} 0.05), and in the COPSOQ II model 'emotional demands' (p {\textlangle} 0.05) and 'commitment to the workplace' (p {\textlangle} 0.005) were significant as well. 'Degrees of freedom' was omitted by the developers in the revised COPSOQ II. Reintroducing it into the COPSOQ II model did not alter the existing associations, but pointed out 'degrees of freedom' to be an additional important dimension (p {\textlangle} 0.05). The COPSOQ II model with 'degrees of freedom' included also had the best data fit. 
The results suggested the COPSOQ II to be better predictive than COPSOQ I for a high NFR, but also indicated that 'degrees of freedom' should be included into the COPSOQ II when studying the NFR as outcome parameter.},
  author       = {Kiss, Philippe and De Meester, Marc and Kruse, Andr{\'e} and Chav{\'e}e, Brigitte and Braeckman, Lutgart},
  issn         = {0340-0131},
  journal      = {INTERNATIONAL ARCHIVES OF OCCUPATIONAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH},
  keyword      = {COPSOQ,Psychosocial work environment,Degrees of freedom,2-YEAR PROSPECTIVE COHORT,SICKNESS ABSENCE,TRUCK DRIVERS,JOB STRAIN,HEALTH,FATIGUE,SCALE,RELIABILITY,ENVIRONMENT,VALIDITY},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {17--24},
  title        = {Comparison between the first and second versions of the Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire: psychosocial risk factors for a high need for recovery after work},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00420-012-0741-0},
  volume       = {86},
  year         = {2013},
}

Chicago
Kiss, Philippe, Marc De Meester, André Kruse, Brigitte Chavée, and Lutgart Braeckman. 2013. “Comparison Between the First and Second Versions of the Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire: Psychosocial Risk Factors for a High Need for Recovery After Work.” International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health 86 (1): 17–24.
APA
Kiss, P., De Meester, M., Kruse, A., Chavée, B., & Braeckman, L. (2013). Comparison between the first and second versions of the Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire: psychosocial risk factors for a high need for recovery after work. INTERNATIONAL ARCHIVES OF OCCUPATIONAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH, 86(1), 17–24.
Vancouver
1.
Kiss P, De Meester M, Kruse A, Chavée B, Braeckman L. Comparison between the first and second versions of the Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire: psychosocial risk factors for a high need for recovery after work. INTERNATIONAL ARCHIVES OF OCCUPATIONAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH. 2013;86(1):17–24.
MLA
Kiss, Philippe, Marc De Meester, André Kruse, et al. “Comparison Between the First and Second Versions of the Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire: Psychosocial Risk Factors for a High Need for Recovery After Work.” INTERNATIONAL ARCHIVES OF OCCUPATIONAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH 86.1 (2013): 17–24. Print.