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Longitudinal dynamics of depressogenic personality and attachment dimensions in adolescence: an examination of associations with changes in depressive symptoms

Katrijn Brenning (UGent) , Bart Soenens (UGent) , Caroline Braet (UGent) and Wim Beyers (UGent)
(2013) JOURNAL OF YOUTH AND ADOLESCENCE. 42(8). p.1128-1144
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Abstract
This study examined longitudinal associations between adolescents’ depressogenic personality orientations (i.e., sociotropy and autonomy), dimensions of mother-adolescent attachment (i.e., anxiety and avoidance), and depressive symptoms. The sample consisted of 289 high school students (mean age = 12.51 years at Time 1, 66% female) participating in a 3-wave cohort-sequential design. Latent growth curve modeling (LGC) revealed no significant intra-individual change in depressogenic personality orientations but significant changes in dimensions of attachment and symptoms of depression. Initial levels of sociotropy were not significantly related to changes in attachment dimensions and depressive symptoms. High initial levels of autonomy were associated with increases in attachment anxiety, attachment avoidance, and depressive symptoms. In addition, results suggested that the association between initial levels of autonomy and increases in depressive symptoms was mediated by increases in attachment anxiety and avoidance. Discussion focuses on the status of depressogenic personality and attachment as risk factors for depression.
Keywords
MECHANISMS, STABILITY, VULNERABILITY, PSYCHOPATHOLOGY, MODELS, CHILDHOOD, LIFE EVENTS, SELF-CRITICISM, TRAIT DEVELOPMENT, ADULT ATTACHMENT, Adolescence, Latent growth curve analysis, Depression, Depressogenic personality, Attachment

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Chicago
Brenning, Katrijn, Bart Soenens, Caroline Braet, and Wim Beyers. 2013. “Longitudinal Dynamics of Depressogenic Personality and Attachment Dimensions in Adolescence: An Examination of Associations with Changes in Depressive Symptoms.” Journal of Youth and Adolescence 42 (8): 1128–1144.
APA
Brenning, K., Soenens, B., Braet, C., & Beyers, W. (2013). Longitudinal dynamics of depressogenic personality and attachment dimensions in adolescence: an examination of associations with changes in depressive symptoms. JOURNAL OF YOUTH AND ADOLESCENCE, 42(8), 1128–1144.
Vancouver
1.
Brenning K, Soenens B, Braet C, Beyers W. Longitudinal dynamics of depressogenic personality and attachment dimensions in adolescence: an examination of associations with changes in depressive symptoms. JOURNAL OF YOUTH AND ADOLESCENCE. 2013;42(8):1128–44.
MLA
Brenning, Katrijn, Bart Soenens, Caroline Braet, et al. “Longitudinal Dynamics of Depressogenic Personality and Attachment Dimensions in Adolescence: An Examination of Associations with Changes in Depressive Symptoms.” JOURNAL OF YOUTH AND ADOLESCENCE 42.8 (2013): 1128–1144. Print.
@article{1992293,
  abstract     = {This study examined longitudinal associations between adolescents{\textquoteright} depressogenic personality orientations (i.e., sociotropy and autonomy), dimensions of mother-adolescent attachment (i.e., anxiety and avoidance), and depressive symptoms. The sample consisted of 289 high school students (mean age = 12.51 years at Time 1, 66\% female) participating in a 3-wave cohort-sequential design. Latent growth curve modeling (LGC) revealed no significant intra-individual change in depressogenic personality orientations but significant changes in dimensions of attachment and symptoms of depression. Initial levels of sociotropy were not significantly related to changes in attachment dimensions and depressive symptoms. High initial levels of autonomy were associated with increases in attachment anxiety, attachment avoidance, and depressive symptoms. In addition, results suggested that the association between initial levels of autonomy and increases in depressive symptoms was mediated by increases in attachment anxiety and avoidance. Discussion focuses on the status of depressogenic personality and attachment as risk factors for depression.},
  author       = {Brenning, Katrijn and Soenens, Bart and Braet, Caroline and Beyers, Wim},
  issn         = {0047-2891},
  journal      = {JOURNAL OF YOUTH AND ADOLESCENCE},
  keyword      = {MECHANISMS,STABILITY,VULNERABILITY,PSYCHOPATHOLOGY,MODELS,CHILDHOOD,LIFE EVENTS,SELF-CRITICISM,TRAIT DEVELOPMENT,ADULT ATTACHMENT,Adolescence,Latent growth curve analysis,Depression,Depressogenic personality,Attachment},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {8},
  pages        = {1128--1144},
  title        = {Longitudinal dynamics of depressogenic personality and attachment dimensions in adolescence: an examination of associations with changes in depressive symptoms},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10964-012-9879-z},
  volume       = {42},
  year         = {2013},
}

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