Ghent University Academic Bibliography

Advanced

Merleau-Ponty's sexual schema and the sexual component of body integrity identity disorder

Helena De Preester UGent (2013) MEDICINE HEALTH CARE AND PHILOSOPHY. 16(2). p.171-184
abstract
Body integrity identity disorder (BIID), formerly also known as apotemnophilia, is characterized by a desire for amputation of a healthy limb and is claimed to straddle or to even blur the boundary between psychiatry and neurology. The neurological line of approach, however, is a recent one, and is accompanied or preceded by psychodynamical, behavioural, philosophical, and psychiatric approaches and hypotheses. Next to its confusing history in which the disorder itself has no fixed identity and could not be classified under a specific discipline, its sexual component has been an issue of unclarity and controversy, and its assessment a criterion for distinguishing BIID from apotemnophilia, a paraphilia. Scholars referring to the lived body-a phenomenon primarily discussed in the phenomenological tradition in philosophy-seem willing to exclude the sexual component as inessential, whereas other authors notice important similarities with gender identity disorder or transsexualism, and thus precisely focus attention on the sexual component. This contribution outlines the history of BIID highlighting the vicissitudes of its sexual component, and questions the justification for distinguishing BIID from apotemnophilia and thus for omitting the sexual component as essential. Second, we explain a hardly discussed concept from Maurice Merleau-Ponty's Phenomenology of Perception (1945a), the sexual schema, and investigate how the sexual schema could function in interaction with the body image in an interpretation of BIID which starts from the lived body while giving the sexual component its due.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
journalArticle (review)
publication status
published
subject
keyword
SELF, DESIRE, LIMB AMPUTATION, APOTEMNOPHILIA, REPRESENTATIONS, PHENOMENOLOGY, PARAPHILIA, MUTILATION, FETISHISM, HAND, BIID, Apotemnophilia, Lived body, Merleau-Ponty, Sexual schema, Body image
journal title
MEDICINE HEALTH CARE AND PHILOSOPHY
volume
16
issue
2
pages
171 - 184
Web of Science type
Article
Web of Science id
000317134600006
ISSN
1572-8633
DOI
10.1007/s11019-011-9367-3
language
English
UGent publication?
yes
classification
A1
copyright statement
I have transferred the copyright for this publication to the publisher
id
1989226
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-1989226
date created
2012-01-17 11:16:21
date last changed
2016-12-19 15:42:53
@article{1989226,
  abstract     = {Body integrity identity disorder (BIID), formerly also known as apotemnophilia, is characterized by a desire for amputation of a healthy limb and is claimed to straddle or to even blur the boundary between psychiatry and neurology. The neurological line of approach, however, is a recent one, and is accompanied or preceded by psychodynamical, behavioural, philosophical, and psychiatric approaches and hypotheses. Next to its confusing history in which the disorder itself has no fixed identity and could not be classified under a specific discipline, its sexual component has been an issue of unclarity and controversy, and its assessment a criterion for distinguishing BIID from apotemnophilia, a paraphilia. Scholars referring to the lived body-a phenomenon primarily discussed in the phenomenological tradition in philosophy-seem willing to exclude the sexual component as inessential, whereas other authors notice important similarities with gender identity disorder or transsexualism, and thus precisely focus attention on the sexual component. This contribution outlines the history of BIID highlighting the vicissitudes of its sexual component, and questions the justification for distinguishing BIID from apotemnophilia and thus for omitting the sexual component as essential. Second, we explain a hardly discussed concept from Maurice Merleau-Ponty's Phenomenology of Perception (1945a), the sexual schema, and investigate how the sexual schema could function in interaction with the body image in an interpretation of BIID which starts from the lived body while giving the sexual component its due.},
  author       = {De Preester, Helena},
  issn         = {1572-8633},
  journal      = {MEDICINE HEALTH CARE AND PHILOSOPHY},
  keyword      = {SELF,DESIRE,LIMB AMPUTATION,APOTEMNOPHILIA,REPRESENTATIONS,PHENOMENOLOGY,PARAPHILIA,MUTILATION,FETISHISM,HAND,BIID,Apotemnophilia,Lived body,Merleau-Ponty,Sexual schema,Body image},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {171--184},
  title        = {Merleau-Ponty's sexual schema and the sexual component of body integrity identity disorder},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11019-011-9367-3},
  volume       = {16},
  year         = {2013},
}

Chicago
De Preester, Helena. 2013. “Merleau-Ponty’s Sexual Schema and the Sexual Component of Body Integrity Identity Disorder.” Medicine Health Care and Philosophy 16 (2): 171–184.
APA
De Preester, H. (2013). Merleau-Ponty’s sexual schema and the sexual component of body integrity identity disorder. MEDICINE HEALTH CARE AND PHILOSOPHY, 16(2), 171–184.
Vancouver
1.
De Preester H. Merleau-Ponty’s sexual schema and the sexual component of body integrity identity disorder. MEDICINE HEALTH CARE AND PHILOSOPHY. 2013;16(2):171–84.
MLA
De Preester, Helena. “Merleau-Ponty’s Sexual Schema and the Sexual Component of Body Integrity Identity Disorder.” MEDICINE HEALTH CARE AND PHILOSOPHY 16.2 (2013): 171–184. Print.