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Food safety is a key determinant of fruit and vegetable consumption in urban Beninese adolescents

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Abstract
Objective: To identify the determinants of fruit and vegetable consumption in urban Beninese adolescents and elements to develop a school-based fruit and vegetable program. Design: Sixteen focus groups conducted using a keyword guide. Setting: Two private and two public secondary schools in Cotonou, Benin. Participants: One hundred and fifty-three students aged thirteen to nineteen years, 54% girls. Analysis: The focus groups were audio-taped, transcribed and analyzed using Nvivo 8 software. Three a priori categories from the Social Cognitive Theory were used for the coding: socio-environmental, personal and behavioral factors. Additionally, the data were checked to see whether new categories should be created. Results: Major determinants in the school were availability and accessibility of fruits and vegetables, nutrition education and the competition of unhealthy foods. Food safety emerged as a strong barrier to the adolescents’ fruit and vegetable consumption, outside home and particularly at school. Conclusions and Implications: Except for food safety, the determinants of fruit and vegetable intake in Beninese adolescents were similar to those in high-income countries. The food safety of fruits and vegetables outside home is a key issue to be studied in-depth and integrated in any intervention in Benin and potentially other low- and middle-income countries.
Keywords
Fruit, vegetables, adolescent, Benin, determinants, FREE-SCHOOL FRUIT, HEALTH, INTERVENTIONS, METAANALYSIS, TRANSITION, ADULTHOOD, COUNTRIES, OBESITY, INCOME, RISK

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Chicago
Nago, Houefa Eunice Sorel, Roosmarijn Verstraeten, Carl Lachat, Romain A Dossa, and Patrick Kolsteren. 2012. “Food Safety Is a Key Determinant of Fruit and Vegetable Consumption in Urban Beninese Adolescents.” Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior 44 (6): 548–555.
APA
Nago, H. E. S., Verstraeten, R., Lachat, C., Dossa, R. A., & Kolsteren, P. (2012). Food safety is a key determinant of fruit and vegetable consumption in urban Beninese adolescents. JOURNAL OF NUTRITION EDUCATION AND BEHAVIOR, 44(6), 548–555.
Vancouver
1.
Nago HES, Verstraeten R, Lachat C, Dossa RA, Kolsteren P. Food safety is a key determinant of fruit and vegetable consumption in urban Beninese adolescents. JOURNAL OF NUTRITION EDUCATION AND BEHAVIOR. 2012;44(6):548–55.
MLA
Nago, Houefa Eunice Sorel, Roosmarijn Verstraeten, Carl Lachat, et al. “Food Safety Is a Key Determinant of Fruit and Vegetable Consumption in Urban Beninese Adolescents.” JOURNAL OF NUTRITION EDUCATION AND BEHAVIOR 44.6 (2012): 548–555. Print.
@article{1985078,
  abstract     = {Objective: To identify the determinants of fruit and vegetable consumption in urban Beninese adolescents and elements to develop a school-based fruit and vegetable program.
Design: Sixteen focus groups conducted using a keyword guide.
Setting: Two private and two public secondary schools in Cotonou, Benin.
Participants: One hundred and fifty-three students aged thirteen to nineteen years, 54\% girls.
Analysis: The focus groups were audio-taped, transcribed and analyzed using Nvivo 8 software. Three a priori categories from the Social Cognitive Theory were used for the coding: socio-environmental, personal and behavioral factors. Additionally, the data were checked to see whether new categories should be created.
Results: Major determinants in the school were availability and accessibility of fruits and vegetables, nutrition education and the competition of unhealthy foods. Food safety emerged as a strong barrier to the adolescents{\textquoteright} fruit and vegetable consumption, outside home and particularly at school.
Conclusions and Implications: Except for food safety, the determinants of fruit and vegetable intake in Beninese adolescents were similar to those in high-income countries. The food safety of fruits and vegetables outside home is a key issue to be studied in-depth and integrated in any intervention in Benin and potentially other low- and middle-income countries.},
  author       = {Nago, Houefa Eunice Sorel and Verstraeten, Roosmarijn and Lachat, Carl and Dossa, Romain A and Kolsteren, Patrick},
  issn         = {1499-4046},
  journal      = {JOURNAL OF NUTRITION EDUCATION AND BEHAVIOR},
  keyword      = {Fruit,vegetables,adolescent,Benin,determinants,FREE-SCHOOL FRUIT,HEALTH,INTERVENTIONS,METAANALYSIS,TRANSITION,ADULTHOOD,COUNTRIES,OBESITY,INCOME,RISK},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {6},
  pages        = {548--555},
  title        = {Food safety is a key determinant of fruit and vegetable consumption in urban Beninese adolescents},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jneb.2011.06.006},
  volume       = {44},
  year         = {2012},
}

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