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Food safety is a key determinant of fruit and vegetable consumption in urban Beninese adolescents

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Abstract
Objective: To identify the determinants of fruit and vegetable consumption in urban Beninese adolescents and elements to develop a school-based fruit and vegetable program. Design: Sixteen focus groups conducted using a keyword guide. Setting: Two private and two public secondary schools in Cotonou, Benin. Participants: One hundred and fifty-three students aged thirteen to nineteen years, 54% girls. Analysis: The focus groups were audio-taped, transcribed and analyzed using Nvivo 8 software. Three a priori categories from the Social Cognitive Theory were used for the coding: socio-environmental, personal and behavioral factors. Additionally, the data were checked to see whether new categories should be created. Results: Major determinants in the school were availability and accessibility of fruits and vegetables, nutrition education and the competition of unhealthy foods. Food safety emerged as a strong barrier to the adolescents’ fruit and vegetable consumption, outside home and particularly at school. Conclusions and Implications: Except for food safety, the determinants of fruit and vegetable intake in Beninese adolescents were similar to those in high-income countries. The food safety of fruits and vegetables outside home is a key issue to be studied in-depth and integrated in any intervention in Benin and potentially other low- and middle-income countries.
Keywords
Fruit, vegetables, adolescent, Benin, determinants, FREE-SCHOOL FRUIT, HEALTH, INTERVENTIONS, METAANALYSIS, TRANSITION, ADULTHOOD, COUNTRIES, OBESITY, INCOME, RISK

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Citation

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MLA
Nago, Houefa Eunice Sorel et al. “Food Safety Is a Key Determinant of Fruit and Vegetable Consumption in Urban Beninese Adolescents.” JOURNAL OF NUTRITION EDUCATION AND BEHAVIOR 44.6 (2012): 548–555. Print.
APA
Nago, H. E. S., Verstraeten, R., Lachat, C., Dossa, R. A., & Kolsteren, P. (2012). Food safety is a key determinant of fruit and vegetable consumption in urban Beninese adolescents. JOURNAL OF NUTRITION EDUCATION AND BEHAVIOR, 44(6), 548–555.
Chicago author-date
Nago, Houefa Eunice Sorel, Roosmarijn Verstraeten, Carl Lachat, Romain A Dossa, and Patrick Kolsteren. 2012. “Food Safety Is a Key Determinant of Fruit and Vegetable Consumption in Urban Beninese Adolescents.” Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior 44 (6): 548–555.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Nago, Houefa Eunice Sorel, Roosmarijn Verstraeten, Carl Lachat, Romain A Dossa, and Patrick Kolsteren. 2012. “Food Safety Is a Key Determinant of Fruit and Vegetable Consumption in Urban Beninese Adolescents.” Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior 44 (6): 548–555.
Vancouver
1.
Nago HES, Verstraeten R, Lachat C, Dossa RA, Kolsteren P. Food safety is a key determinant of fruit and vegetable consumption in urban Beninese adolescents. JOURNAL OF NUTRITION EDUCATION AND BEHAVIOR. 2012;44(6):548–55.
IEEE
[1]
H. E. S. Nago, R. Verstraeten, C. Lachat, R. A. Dossa, and P. Kolsteren, “Food safety is a key determinant of fruit and vegetable consumption in urban Beninese adolescents,” JOURNAL OF NUTRITION EDUCATION AND BEHAVIOR, vol. 44, no. 6, pp. 548–555, 2012.
@article{1985078,
  abstract     = {Objective: To identify the determinants of fruit and vegetable consumption in urban Beninese adolescents and elements to develop a school-based fruit and vegetable program.
Design: Sixteen focus groups conducted using a keyword guide.
Setting: Two private and two public secondary schools in Cotonou, Benin.
Participants: One hundred and fifty-three students aged thirteen to nineteen years, 54% girls.
Analysis: The focus groups were audio-taped, transcribed and analyzed using Nvivo 8 software. Three a priori categories from the Social Cognitive Theory were used for the coding: socio-environmental, personal and behavioral factors. Additionally, the data were checked to see whether new categories should be created.
Results: Major determinants in the school were availability and accessibility of fruits and vegetables, nutrition education and the competition of unhealthy foods. Food safety emerged as a strong barrier to the adolescents’ fruit and vegetable consumption, outside home and particularly at school.
Conclusions and Implications: Except for food safety, the determinants of fruit and vegetable intake in Beninese adolescents were similar to those in high-income countries. The food safety of fruits and vegetables outside home is a key issue to be studied in-depth and integrated in any intervention in Benin and potentially other low- and middle-income countries.},
  author       = {Nago, Houefa Eunice Sorel and Verstraeten, Roosmarijn and Lachat, Carl and Dossa, Romain A and Kolsteren, Patrick},
  issn         = {1499-4046},
  journal      = {JOURNAL OF NUTRITION EDUCATION AND BEHAVIOR},
  keywords     = {Fruit,vegetables,adolescent,Benin,determinants,FREE-SCHOOL FRUIT,HEALTH,INTERVENTIONS,METAANALYSIS,TRANSITION,ADULTHOOD,COUNTRIES,OBESITY,INCOME,RISK},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {6},
  pages        = {548--555},
  title        = {Food safety is a key determinant of fruit and vegetable consumption in urban Beninese adolescents},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jneb.2011.06.006},
  volume       = {44},
  year         = {2012},
}

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