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Physical fitness of elite Belgian soccer players by player position

Jan Boone UGent, Roel Vaeyens UGent, Adelheid Steyaert UGent, Luc Vanden Bossche UGent and Jan Bourgois UGent (2012) JOURNAL OF STRENGTH AND CONDITIONING RESEARCH. 26(8). p.2051-2057
abstract
The purpose of this study was to gain an insight into the physical and physiological profile of elite Belgian soccer players with specific regard to the player's position on the field. The sample consisted of 289 adult players from 6 different first division teams. The players were divided into 5 subgroups (goalkeepers, center backs, full backs, midfielders, and strikers) according to their self-reported best position on the field. The subjects performed anaerobic (10-m sprint, 5 x 10-m shuttle run [SR], squat jump [SJ], and countermovement jump [CMJ]) and aerobic (incremental running protocol) laboratory tests. The strikers had significantly shorter sprinting times (5-, 5-to 10-m time, and SR) compared with the midfielders, center backs, and goalkeepers, whereas the full backs were also significantly faster compared with the goalkeepers and the center backs. The goalkeepers and the center backs displayed higher jumping heights (total mean SJ = 40.7 +/- 4.6 cm and CMJ = 43.1 +/- 4.9 cm) compared with the other 3 positions, whereas the strikers also jumped higher than the full backs and the midfielders did. Regarding the aerobic performance, both full backs and the midfielders (61.2 +/- 2.7 and 60.4 +/- 2.8 ml.min(-1).kg(-1), respectively) had a higher (V) over dotO(2)max compared with the strikers, center backs, and goalkeepers (56.8 +/- 3.1, 55.6 +/- 3.5, and 52.1 +/- 5.0 ml.min(-1).kg(-1), respectively). From this study, it could be concluded that players in different positions have different physiological characteristics. The results of this study might provide useful insights for individualized conditional training programs for soccer players. Aside from the predominant technical and tactical skills, a physical profile that is well adjusted to the position on the field might enhance game performance.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
journalArticle (original)
publication status
published
subject
keyword
anaerobic performance, aerobic performance, physiological profile, anthropometry, MATCH PERFORMANCE, PLAYING POSITION, PHYSIOLOGY, FATIGUE, LEAGUE, MUSCLE, LEVEL, GAME
journal title
JOURNAL OF STRENGTH AND CONDITIONING RESEARCH
J. Strength Cond. Res.
volume
26
issue
8
pages
2051 - 2057
Web of Science type
Article
Web of Science id
000306858000006
JCR category
SPORT SCIENCES
JCR impact factor
1.795 (2012)
JCR rank
31/84 (2012)
JCR quartile
2 (2012)
ISSN
1064-8011
DOI
10.1519/JSC.0b013e318239f84f
language
English
UGent publication?
yes
classification
A1
copyright statement
I have transferred the copyright for this publication to the publisher
id
1981792
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-1981792
date created
2012-01-10 15:42:15
date last changed
2016-12-19 15:45:27
@article{1981792,
  abstract     = {The purpose of this study was to gain an insight into the physical and physiological profile of elite Belgian soccer players with specific regard to the player's position on the field. The sample consisted of 289 adult players from 6 different first division teams. The players were divided into 5 subgroups (goalkeepers, center backs, full backs, midfielders, and strikers) according to their self-reported best position on the field. The subjects performed anaerobic (10-m sprint, 5 x 10-m shuttle run [SR], squat jump [SJ], and countermovement jump [CMJ]) and aerobic (incremental running protocol) laboratory tests. The strikers had significantly shorter sprinting times (5-, 5-to 10-m time, and SR) compared with the midfielders, center backs, and goalkeepers, whereas the full backs were also significantly faster compared with the goalkeepers and the center backs. The goalkeepers and the center backs displayed higher jumping heights (total mean SJ = 40.7 +/- 4.6 cm and CMJ = 43.1 +/- 4.9 cm) compared with the other 3 positions, whereas the strikers also jumped higher than the full backs and the midfielders did. Regarding the aerobic performance, both full backs and the midfielders (61.2 +/- 2.7 and 60.4 +/- 2.8 ml.min(-1).kg(-1), respectively) had a higher (V) over dotO(2)max compared with the strikers, center backs, and goalkeepers (56.8 +/- 3.1, 55.6 +/- 3.5, and 52.1 +/- 5.0 ml.min(-1).kg(-1), respectively). From this study, it could be concluded that players in different positions have different physiological characteristics. The results of this study might provide useful insights for individualized conditional training programs for soccer players. Aside from the predominant technical and tactical skills, a physical profile that is well adjusted to the position on the field might enhance game performance.},
  author       = {Boone, Jan and Vaeyens, Roel and Steyaert, Adelheid and Vanden Bossche, Luc and Bourgois, Jan},
  issn         = {1064-8011},
  journal      = {JOURNAL OF STRENGTH AND CONDITIONING RESEARCH},
  keyword      = {anaerobic performance,aerobic performance,physiological profile,anthropometry,MATCH PERFORMANCE,PLAYING POSITION,PHYSIOLOGY,FATIGUE,LEAGUE,MUSCLE,LEVEL,GAME},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {8},
  pages        = {2051--2057},
  title        = {Physical fitness of elite Belgian soccer players by player position},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0b013e318239f84f},
  volume       = {26},
  year         = {2012},
}

Chicago
Boone, Jan, Roel Vaeyens, Adelheid Steyaert, Luc Vanden Bossche, and Jan Bourgois. 2012. “Physical Fitness of Elite Belgian Soccer Players by Player Position.” Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research 26 (8): 2051–2057.
APA
Boone, Jan, Vaeyens, R., Steyaert, A., Vanden Bossche, L., & Bourgois, J. (2012). Physical fitness of elite Belgian soccer players by player position. JOURNAL OF STRENGTH AND CONDITIONING RESEARCH, 26(8), 2051–2057.
Vancouver
1.
Boone J, Vaeyens R, Steyaert A, Vanden Bossche L, Bourgois J. Physical fitness of elite Belgian soccer players by player position. JOURNAL OF STRENGTH AND CONDITIONING RESEARCH. 2012;26(8):2051–7.
MLA
Boone, Jan, Roel Vaeyens, Adelheid Steyaert, et al. “Physical Fitness of Elite Belgian Soccer Players by Player Position.” JOURNAL OF STRENGTH AND CONDITIONING RESEARCH 26.8 (2012): 2051–2057. Print.