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The Mamluk Sultanate as a Military Patronage State: household politics and the case of the Qalāwūnid bayt (1279-1382)

Jo Van Steenbergen UGent (2013) JOURNAL OF THE ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL HISTORY OF THE ORIENT. 56(2). p.189-217
abstract
This article focuses on the conceptualisation of Mamluk socio-political organisation in late thirteenth and early to mid-fourteenth-century Egypt and Syria. Breaking free of the heuristic constraints imposed on Mamluk studies by the paradigm of the political elite as defined by the normative exclusivism of elite military slavery-the so-called Mamluk system-it demonstrates that apparent dynastic attitudes were no mere facade for that system but rather powerful representations of the Mamluk version of a long-standing regional tradition of socio-political organisation: the military patronage state. It is argued here that this tradition, with its focus on military leadership, patronage ties, household bonds, and unstable devolved authorities, coalesced between 1279 and 1382 in Qalawunid leadership over and monopolisation of Syro-Egyptian societies.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
journalArticle (original)
publication status
published
subject
keyword
households, military patronage state, elite integration, social identity, Qalawunids, Mamluk politics
journal title
JOURNAL OF THE ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL HISTORY OF THE ORIENT
JESHO
volume
56
issue
2
pages
189 - 217
Web of Science type
Article
Web of Science id
000321801300002
JCR category
HISTORY
JCR impact factor
0.122 (2013)
JCR rank
52/72 (2013)
JCR quartile
3 (2013)
ISSN
0022-4995
DOI
10.1163/15685209-12341300
project
240865
language
English
UGent publication?
yes
classification
A1
copyright statement
I have transferred the copyright for this publication to the publisher
id
1981341
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-1981341
date created
2012-01-10 09:38:13
date last changed
2013-09-12 15:47:48
@article{1981341,
  abstract     = {This article focuses on the conceptualisation of Mamluk socio-political organisation in late thirteenth and early to mid-fourteenth-century Egypt and Syria. Breaking free of the heuristic constraints imposed on Mamluk studies by the paradigm of the political elite as defined by the normative exclusivism of elite military slavery-the so-called Mamluk system-it demonstrates that apparent dynastic attitudes were no mere facade for that system but rather powerful representations of the Mamluk version of a long-standing regional tradition of socio-political organisation: the military patronage state. It is argued here that this tradition, with its focus on military leadership, patronage ties, household bonds, and unstable devolved authorities, coalesced between 1279 and 1382 in Qalawunid leadership over and monopolisation of Syro-Egyptian societies.},
  author       = {Van Steenbergen, Jo},
  issn         = {0022-4995},
  journal      = {JOURNAL OF THE ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL HISTORY OF THE ORIENT},
  keyword      = {households,military patronage state,elite integration,social identity,Qalawunids,Mamluk politics},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {189--217},
  title        = {The Mamluk Sultanate as a Military Patronage State: household politics and the case of the Qal\={a}w\={u}nid bayt (1279-1382)},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/15685209-12341300},
  volume       = {56},
  year         = {2013},
}

Chicago
Van Steenbergen, Jo. 2013. “The Mamluk Sultanate as a Military Patronage State: Household Politics and the Case of the Qalāwūnid Bayt (1279-1382).” Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient 56 (2): 189–217.
APA
Van Steenbergen, J. (2013). The Mamluk Sultanate as a Military Patronage State: household politics and the case of the Qalāwūnid bayt (1279-1382). JOURNAL OF THE ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL HISTORY OF THE ORIENT, 56(2), 189–217.
Vancouver
1.
Van Steenbergen J. The Mamluk Sultanate as a Military Patronage State: household politics and the case of the Qalāwūnid bayt (1279-1382). JOURNAL OF THE ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL HISTORY OF THE ORIENT. 2013;56(2):189–217.
MLA
Van Steenbergen, Jo. “The Mamluk Sultanate as a Military Patronage State: Household Politics and the Case of the Qalāwūnid Bayt (1279-1382).” JOURNAL OF THE ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL HISTORY OF THE ORIENT 56.2 (2013): 189–217. Print.