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The clerical response to a totalitarian political religion: la civiltà Cattolica and Italian Fascism

Jan Nelis (2011) JOURNAL OF CONTEMPORARY HISTORY. 46(2). p.245-270
abstract
This article offers a close reading of the discourse on Italian fascism within the authoritative Italian Jesuit periodical La Civilta Cattolica. The author shows that, when confronted with the fascist movement, La Civilta Cattolica made no moves to oppose the regime, instead positioning itself so as to negotiate with and accommodate the fascist rhetoric. This decision was driven in part by the close alignment between the politics of Catholicism and fascism, and further fostered by the absence of a viable alternative political power. The article also illustrates the manner in which Catholic intellectuals intuitively perceived some aspects of fascist totalitarianism and the 'sacralization of politics' as threatening, particularly when confronted with manifestations of what was termed 'political heresy', along with certain features of fascist associationalism. However, despite their concerns no explicit rupture between Church and regime ever eventuated; on the contrary, some accounts imply an intended merger, however unstable it may have proven, between the 'religious' and 'totalitarian' goals of both parties.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
journalArticle (original)
publication status
published
subject
keyword
CULT, Catholicism, ROMANITA, REVOLUTION, MYTH, fascism, Italy, Jesuits, political religion, totalitarianism
journal title
JOURNAL OF CONTEMPORARY HISTORY
J. Contemp. Hist.
volume
46
issue
2
pages
245 - 270
Web of Science type
Article
Web of Science id
000289242200001
JCR category
HISTORY
JCR impact factor
0.242 (2011)
JCR rank
30/55 (2011)
JCR quartile
3 (2011)
ISSN
0022-0094
DOI
10.1177/0022009410392406
language
English
UGent publication?
yes
classification
A1
copyright statement
I have transferred the copyright for this publication to the publisher
id
1980729
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-1980729
date created
2012-01-09 13:27:52
date last changed
2016-12-19 15:42:20
@article{1980729,
  abstract     = {This article offers a close reading of the discourse on Italian fascism within the authoritative Italian Jesuit periodical La Civilta Cattolica. The author shows that, when confronted with the fascist movement, La Civilta Cattolica made no moves to oppose the regime, instead positioning itself so as to negotiate with and accommodate the fascist rhetoric. This decision was driven in part by the close alignment between the politics of Catholicism and fascism, and further fostered by the absence of a viable alternative political power. The article also illustrates the manner in which Catholic intellectuals intuitively perceived some aspects of fascist totalitarianism and the 'sacralization of politics' as threatening, particularly when confronted with manifestations of what was termed 'political heresy', along with certain features of fascist associationalism. However, despite their concerns no explicit rupture between Church and regime ever eventuated; on the contrary, some accounts imply an intended merger, however unstable it may have proven, between the 'religious' and 'totalitarian' goals of both parties.},
  author       = {Nelis, Jan},
  issn         = {0022-0094},
  journal      = {JOURNAL OF CONTEMPORARY HISTORY},
  keyword      = {CULT,Catholicism,ROMANITA,REVOLUTION,MYTH,fascism,Italy,Jesuits,political religion,totalitarianism},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {245--270},
  title        = {The clerical response to a totalitarian political religion: la civilt{\`a} Cattolica and Italian Fascism},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0022009410392406},
  volume       = {46},
  year         = {2011},
}

Chicago
Nelis, Jan. 2011. “The Clerical Response to a Totalitarian Political Religion: La Civiltà Cattolica and Italian Fascism.” Journal of Contemporary History 46 (2): 245–270.
APA
Nelis, Jan. (2011). The clerical response to a totalitarian political religion: la civiltà Cattolica and Italian Fascism. JOURNAL OF CONTEMPORARY HISTORY, 46(2), 245–270.
Vancouver
1.
Nelis J. The clerical response to a totalitarian political religion: la civiltà Cattolica and Italian Fascism. JOURNAL OF CONTEMPORARY HISTORY. 2011;46(2):245–70.
MLA
Nelis, Jan. “The Clerical Response to a Totalitarian Political Religion: La Civiltà Cattolica and Italian Fascism.” JOURNAL OF CONTEMPORARY HISTORY 46.2 (2011): 245–270. Print.