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Effect of combined exercise training on physical and metabolic fitness in adults with intellectual disability: a controlled trial

(2011) CLINICAL REHABILITATION. 25(12). p.1097-1108
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Abstract
Objective: Investigating the effect of combined aerobic and strength training on metabolic and physical fitness in adults with intellectual disabilities compared to endurance training and no training. Design: A controlled trial with patients receiving either combined (COM), endurance (END) or no training (C). Setting: Two centres for intellectual disabilities (Sterrenhuis, Brasschaat and Emiliani, Lokeren, Belgium). Subjects: Forty-five adults with intellectual disabilities (mean age: 42 (9,2), mean body mass index (BMI): 24 (3,9), mean IQ: 56 (5,6)). Intervention: Combined exercise training (n = 15) and endurance training (n = 15) twice a week for 70 minutes per session for 20 weeks and no training (n = 15). Groups were matched for age, sex and intellectual disability. Main measures: Lipid profile, physical fitness (primary); blood pressure and body composition. Results: Compared to no training, combined exercise training has significant positive effects on total cholesterol levels, aerobic capacity, muscle strength and resting systolic blood pressure, while endurance exercise training has significant effects on aerobic capacity and resting systolic blood pressure. Compared to endurance training, combined exercise training resulted in a significant better evolution of total cholesterol (mean differences: -18 versus -3 mg/dl), 1RM upper (+6 versus +1 kg) and lower limb (+25 versus +8 kg) and abdominal muscles (+15 versus +1 kg), hand grip strength (+9 versus +2 kg), muscle fatigue resistance (+11 versus +5 sec), sit-to-stand (+5 versus +2/30 sec) and systolic blood pressure (-15 versus -10 mmHg). Conclusion: This study revealed a tendency towards more beneficial effects of combined exercise training in adults with intellectual disability.
Keywords
RESISTANCE, INDIVIDUALS, OBESITY, OLDER-ADULTS, AEROBIC CAPACITY, CARDIOVASCULAR RISK, LEG STRENGTH, MENTAL-RETARDATION, DOWN-SYNDROME, RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED-TRIAL, physical fitness, metabolic fitness, intellectual disability, Physical Training

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Chicago
Calders, Patrick, Sami Elmahgoub, Tine Roman de Mettelinge, Christine Van den Broeck, Inge De Wandele, Lies Rombaut, Annemie Van De Velde, and Dirk Cambier. 2011. “Effect of Combined Exercise Training on Physical and Metabolic Fitness in Adults with Intellectual Disability: a Controlled Trial.” Clinical Rehabilitation 25 (12): 1097–1108.
APA
Calders, P., Elmahgoub, S., Roman de Mettelinge, T., Van den Broeck, C., De Wandele, I., Rombaut, L., Van De Velde, A., et al. (2011). Effect of combined exercise training on physical and metabolic fitness in adults with intellectual disability: a controlled trial. CLINICAL REHABILITATION, 25(12), 1097–1108.
Vancouver
1.
Calders P, Elmahgoub S, Roman de Mettelinge T, Van den Broeck C, De Wandele I, Rombaut L, et al. Effect of combined exercise training on physical and metabolic fitness in adults with intellectual disability: a controlled trial. CLINICAL REHABILITATION. 2011;25(12):1097–108.
MLA
Calders, Patrick, Sami Elmahgoub, Tine Roman de Mettelinge, et al. “Effect of Combined Exercise Training on Physical and Metabolic Fitness in Adults with Intellectual Disability: a Controlled Trial.” CLINICAL REHABILITATION 25.12 (2011): 1097–1108. Print.
@article{1978249,
  abstract     = {Objective: Investigating the effect of combined aerobic and strength training on metabolic and physical fitness in adults with intellectual disabilities compared to endurance training and no training. 
Design: A controlled trial with patients receiving either combined (COM), endurance (END) or no training (C). 
Setting: Two centres for intellectual disabilities (Sterrenhuis, Brasschaat and Emiliani, Lokeren, Belgium). 
Subjects: Forty-five adults with intellectual disabilities (mean age: 42 (9,2), mean body mass index (BMI): 24 (3,9), mean IQ: 56 (5,6)). 
Intervention: Combined exercise training (n = 15) and endurance training (n = 15) twice a week for 70 minutes per session for 20 weeks and no training (n = 15). Groups were matched for age, sex and intellectual disability. 
Main measures: Lipid profile, physical fitness (primary); blood pressure and body composition. 
Results: Compared to no training, combined exercise training has significant positive effects on total cholesterol levels, aerobic capacity, muscle strength and resting systolic blood pressure, while endurance exercise training has significant effects on aerobic capacity and resting systolic blood pressure. Compared to endurance training, combined exercise training resulted in a significant better evolution of total cholesterol (mean differences: -18 versus -3 mg/dl), 1RM upper (+6 versus +1 kg) and lower limb (+25 versus +8 kg) and abdominal muscles (+15 versus +1 kg), hand grip strength (+9 versus +2 kg), muscle fatigue resistance (+11 versus +5 sec), sit-to-stand (+5 versus +2/30 sec) and systolic blood pressure (-15 versus -10 mmHg). 
Conclusion: This study revealed a tendency towards more beneficial effects of combined exercise training in adults with intellectual disability.},
  author       = {Calders, Patrick and Elmahgoub, Sami and Roman de Mettelinge, Tine and Van den Broeck, Christine and De Wandele, Inge and Rombaut, Lies and Van De Velde, Annemie and Cambier, Dirk},
  issn         = {0269-2155},
  journal      = {CLINICAL REHABILITATION},
  keyword      = {RESISTANCE,INDIVIDUALS,OBESITY,OLDER-ADULTS,AEROBIC CAPACITY,CARDIOVASCULAR RISK,LEG STRENGTH,MENTAL-RETARDATION,DOWN-SYNDROME,RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED-TRIAL,physical fitness,metabolic fitness,intellectual disability,Physical Training},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {12},
  pages        = {1097--1108},
  title        = {Effect of combined exercise training on physical and metabolic fitness in adults with intellectual disability: a controlled trial},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0269215511407221},
  volume       = {25},
  year         = {2011},
}

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