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Franz Cumont, the oriental religions, and christianity in the roman empire: a hegelian view on the evolution of religion, politics, and science

Danny Praet UGent (2011) AAR American Academy of Religion : fostering excellence in the study of religion : 2011 annual meetings abstracts. 42. p.133-158
abstract
Cumont (1868-1947) was influenced by Hegel’s view on the religious evolution of mankind. He discussed the role the Oriental Religions (Attis and Cybele, Isis and Serapis, the Syrian Baals, Mithras) played in the transition from paganism to Christianity as an interaction between politics and religion: as an evolution from the particular to the universal, from state-controlled to free individual choice. They evolved from primitive ritualism to austere morality, and represented a synthesis between East and West. His book on their spread in Roman paganism is not entirely chronological but corresponds to a symbolic sequence: Firmicus Maternus already linked them with the four elements (from Cybele-earth to Mithras-fire) so these Religions formed an ascension from the heaviest to the least material element. Cumont presented astral religion as the final stage of paganism, including aether, and establishing an “objective” (pseudoscientific) link between man and the cosmos, pointing to Christianity as the next step in this spiritual journey.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
conference
publication status
published
subject
keyword
History of Philosophy, Franz Cumont, Oriental Religions, Ancient Religion, History of Religion, Philosophy of Religion, Hegel
in
AAR American Academy of Religion : fostering excellence in the study of religion : 2011 annual meetings abstracts
editor
Todd Gooch, Dawn De Vries and Arie Molendijk
volume
42
pages
133 - 158
publisher
Wipf and Stock Publishers
place of publication
Eugene, Oregon
conference name
American Academy of Religion (AAR - 2011) and the Society of Biblical Literature
conference location
San Francisco, CA, USA
conference start
2011-11-19
conference end
2011-11-22
language
English
UGent publication?
yes
classification
C1
copyright statement
I have retained and own the full copyright for this publication
id
1974591
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-1974591
date created
2011-12-27 09:21:11
date last changed
2012-05-14 12:42:20
@inproceedings{1974591,
  abstract     = {Cumont (1868-1947) was influenced by Hegel{\textquoteright}s view on the religious evolution of mankind. He discussed the role the Oriental Religions (Attis and Cybele, Isis and Serapis, the Syrian Baals, Mithras) played in the transition from paganism to Christianity as an interaction between politics and religion: as an evolution from the particular to the universal, from state-controlled to free individual choice. They evolved from primitive ritualism to austere morality, and represented a synthesis between East and West. His book on their spread in Roman paganism is not entirely chronological but corresponds to a symbolic sequence: Firmicus Maternus already linked them with the four elements (from Cybele-earth to Mithras-fire) so these Religions formed an ascension from the heaviest to the least material element. Cumont presented astral religion as the final stage of paganism, including aether, and establishing an {\textquotedblleft}objective{\textquotedblright} (pseudoscientific) link between man and the cosmos, pointing to Christianity as the next step in this spiritual journey.},
  author       = {Praet, Danny},
  booktitle    = {AAR American Academy of Religion : fostering excellence in the study of religion : 2011 annual meetings abstracts},
  editor       = {Gooch, Todd and De Vries, Dawn and Molendijk, Arie},
  keyword      = {History of Philosophy,Franz Cumont,Oriental Religions,Ancient Religion,History of Religion,Philosophy of Religion,Hegel},
  language     = {eng},
  location     = {San Francisco, CA, USA},
  pages        = {133--158},
  publisher    = {Wipf and Stock Publishers},
  title        = {Franz Cumont, the oriental religions, and christianity in the roman empire: a hegelian view on the evolution of religion, politics, and science},
  volume       = {42},
  year         = {2011},
}

Chicago
Praet, Danny. 2011. “Franz Cumont, the Oriental Religions, and Christianity in the Roman Empire: a Hegelian View on the Evolution of Religion, Politics, and Science.” In AAR American Academy of Religion : Fostering Excellence in the Study of Religion : 2011 Annual Meetings Abstracts, ed. Todd Gooch, Dawn De Vries, and Arie Molendijk, 42:133–158. Eugene, Oregon: Wipf and Stock Publishers.
APA
Praet, D. (2011). Franz Cumont, the oriental religions, and christianity in the roman empire: a hegelian view on the evolution of religion, politics, and science. In T. Gooch, D. De Vries, & A. Molendijk (Eds.), AAR American Academy of Religion : fostering excellence in the study of religion : 2011 annual meetings abstracts (Vol. 42, pp. 133–158). Presented at the American Academy of Religion (AAR - 2011) and the Society of Biblical Literature, Eugene, Oregon: Wipf and Stock Publishers.
Vancouver
1.
Praet D. Franz Cumont, the oriental religions, and christianity in the roman empire: a hegelian view on the evolution of religion, politics, and science. In: Gooch T, De Vries D, Molendijk A, editors. AAR American Academy of Religion : fostering excellence in the study of religion : 2011 annual meetings abstracts. Eugene, Oregon: Wipf and Stock Publishers; 2011. p. 133–58.
MLA
Praet, Danny. “Franz Cumont, the Oriental Religions, and Christianity in the Roman Empire: a Hegelian View on the Evolution of Religion, Politics, and Science.” AAR American Academy of Religion : Fostering Excellence in the Study of Religion : 2011 Annual Meetings Abstracts. Ed. Todd Gooch, Dawn De Vries, & Arie Molendijk. Vol. 42. Eugene, Oregon: Wipf and Stock Publishers, 2011. 133–158. Print.