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The extraordinary journey of Peperomia subgenus Tildenia (Piperaceae): insights into diversification and colonization patterns from its cradle in Peru to the Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt

(2011) JOURNAL OF BIOGEOGRAPHY. 38(12). p.2337-2349
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Organization
Abstract
Aim : Peperomia subgenus Tildenia consists of c. 60 species growing in seasonal habitats of Neotropical mountain areas from Mexico to Argentina. The subgenus can be split geographically, with almost equal diversity in the Northern Hemisphere (centred in Mexico and Guatemala) and in the Southern Hemisphere (centred in Peru and Bolivia). Only a few species are known from a limited number of localities between these two hotspots. As such, Tildenia is an ideal candidate with which to test time, direction and mode of migration of high mountain taxa against the background of the Great American Biotic Interchange. Location : The Andes with focus on the Central Andes, and the Mexican mountain chains, especially the Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt. Methods : To elucidate the spatio-temporal origin, subsequent colonization and radiation of Tildenia, we combine Bayesian phylogenetics based on the chloroplast trnK-matK-psbA region, georeferenced distribution data, and fossil calibrated molecular dating approaches using both penalized likelihood and relaxed phylogenetics. Reconstruction of the ancestral distribution area was performed using dispersal-vicariance analysis and dispersal-extinction-cladogenesis. Results : Peperomia subgenus Tildenia is subdivided into six Andean clades and one Mexican and Central American clade originating from a north/central Peruvian ancestor. Molecular dating approaches converge on a stem age of c. 38 Ma for Tildenia and a mostly Miocene diversification and colonization. Main conclusions : We detect a strong correlation between diversification of Tildenia and orogenetic events in the respective distribution centres. In the Andes, distribution was influenced by the Altiplano-Eastern Cordillera System as well as the Amotape-Huancabamba Zone, where the latter serves as both migration barrier and migration bridge for different clades. In contrast to most studies of high-elevation taxa, we provide support for a south-north colonization towards Central America and Mexico, and provide additional, independent evidence for the latest view on the timing of the Great American Biotic Interchange. In Mexico, the Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt has played a major role in more recent radiations together with climatic oscillation and the formation of refugia.
Keywords
Central Andes, Amotape-Huancabamba Zone, Great American Interchange, Isthmus of Panama, Mexican Transition Zone, Neotropics, refuge theory, Sierra Madre, ANGIOSPERM FAMILY LACTORIDACEAE, VASCULAR PLANT DIVERSITY, AMOTAPE-HUANCABAMBA ZONE, SOUTH-AMERICA, DIVERGENCE TIMES, PHYLOGENETIC TREES, NEOGENE STRATIGRAPHY, GEOGRAPHIC RANGE, CLIMATE-CHANGE, NORTHERN PERU

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Citation

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Chicago
Symmank, Lars, Marie-Stéphanie Samain, James F Smith, Guillermo Pino, Alexandra Stoll, Paul Goetghebeur, Christoph Neinhuis, and Stefan Wanke. 2011. “The Extraordinary Journey of Peperomia Subgenus Tildenia (Piperaceae): Insights into Diversification and Colonization Patterns from Its Cradle in Peru to the Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt.” Journal of Biogeography 38 (12): 2337–2349.
APA
Symmank, L., Samain, M.-S., Smith, J. F., Pino, G., Stoll, A., Goetghebeur, P., Neinhuis, C., et al. (2011). The extraordinary journey of Peperomia subgenus Tildenia (Piperaceae): insights into diversification and colonization patterns from its cradle in Peru to the Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt. JOURNAL OF BIOGEOGRAPHY, 38(12), 2337–2349.
Vancouver
1.
Symmank L, Samain M-S, Smith JF, Pino G, Stoll A, Goetghebeur P, et al. The extraordinary journey of Peperomia subgenus Tildenia (Piperaceae): insights into diversification and colonization patterns from its cradle in Peru to the Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt. JOURNAL OF BIOGEOGRAPHY. 2011;38(12):2337–49.
MLA
Symmank, Lars, Marie-Stéphanie Samain, James F Smith, et al. “The Extraordinary Journey of Peperomia Subgenus Tildenia (Piperaceae): Insights into Diversification and Colonization Patterns from Its Cradle in Peru to the Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt.” JOURNAL OF BIOGEOGRAPHY 38.12 (2011): 2337–2349. Print.
@article{1970270,
  abstract     = {Aim : Peperomia subgenus Tildenia consists of c. 60 species growing in seasonal habitats of Neotropical mountain areas from Mexico to Argentina. The subgenus can be split geographically, with almost equal diversity in the Northern Hemisphere (centred in Mexico and Guatemala) and in the Southern Hemisphere (centred in Peru and Bolivia). Only a few species are known from a limited number of localities between these two hotspots. As such, Tildenia is an ideal candidate with which to test time, direction and mode of migration of high mountain taxa against the background of the Great American Biotic Interchange. 
Location : The Andes with focus on the Central Andes, and the Mexican mountain chains, especially the Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt. 
Methods : To elucidate the spatio-temporal origin, subsequent colonization and radiation of Tildenia, we combine Bayesian phylogenetics based on the chloroplast trnK-matK-psbA region, georeferenced distribution data, and fossil calibrated molecular dating approaches using both penalized likelihood and relaxed phylogenetics. Reconstruction of the ancestral distribution area was performed using dispersal-vicariance analysis and dispersal-extinction-cladogenesis. 
Results : Peperomia subgenus Tildenia is subdivided into six Andean clades and one Mexican and Central American clade originating from a north/central Peruvian ancestor. Molecular dating approaches converge on a stem age of c. 38 Ma for Tildenia and a mostly Miocene diversification and colonization. 
Main conclusions : We detect a strong correlation between diversification of Tildenia and orogenetic events in the respective distribution centres. In the Andes, distribution was influenced by the Altiplano-Eastern Cordillera System as well as the Amotape-Huancabamba Zone, where the latter serves as both migration barrier and migration bridge for different clades. In contrast to most studies of high-elevation taxa, we provide support for a south-north colonization towards Central America and Mexico, and provide additional, independent evidence for the latest view on the timing of the Great American Biotic Interchange. In Mexico, the Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt has played a major role in more recent radiations together with climatic oscillation and the formation of refugia.},
  author       = {Symmank, Lars and Samain, Marie-St{\'e}phanie and Smith, James F and Pino, Guillermo and Stoll, Alexandra and Goetghebeur, Paul and Neinhuis, Christoph and Wanke, Stefan},
  issn         = {0305-0270},
  journal      = {JOURNAL OF BIOGEOGRAPHY},
  keyword      = {Central Andes,Amotape-Huancabamba Zone,Great American Interchange,Isthmus of Panama,Mexican Transition Zone,Neotropics,refuge theory,Sierra Madre,ANGIOSPERM FAMILY LACTORIDACEAE,VASCULAR PLANT DIVERSITY,AMOTAPE-HUANCABAMBA ZONE,SOUTH-AMERICA,DIVERGENCE TIMES,PHYLOGENETIC TREES,NEOGENE STRATIGRAPHY,GEOGRAPHIC RANGE,CLIMATE-CHANGE,NORTHERN PERU},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {12},
  pages        = {2337--2349},
  title        = {The extraordinary journey of Peperomia subgenus Tildenia (Piperaceae): insights into diversification and colonization patterns from its cradle in Peru to the Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2699.2011.02586.x},
  volume       = {38},
  year         = {2011},
}

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