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The influence of general beliefs on the formation of justice expectations: the moderating role of direct experiences

Brigitte Geenen, Karin Proost, Bert Schreurs, Marius van Dijke, Eva Derous UGent, Karel De Witte and Jasper von Grumbkow (2012) CAREER DEVELOPMENT INTERNATIONAL. 17(1). p.67-82
abstract
Purpose – The purpose of this paper was to investigate the influence of applicants’ justice beliefs (i.e., belief in a just world and belief in tests) on justice expectations with respect to a forthcoming application for the job of prison guard. Further, the moderating role of direct experiences on the relationship between beliefs and justice expectations was studied. Design/methodology/approach – A written survey was administered to 803 applicants, just before the start of the selection procedure. Data were self-reported and collected at one point in time. Findings – Significant positive relationships were found between both beliefs (i.e., belief in a just world and belief in tests) on procedural and distributive justice expectations. Moreover, the relationship between belief in tests and both types of justice expectations was stronger among experienced applicants. Conversely, the relationship between belief in a just world and distributive justice expectations was stronger among inexperienced applicants. This moderation was not found with respect to procedural justice expectations. Originality/value – Insight into how justice expectations are formed in selection contexts, and consequently, how organizations can influence these expectations, is largely missing. Bell, Ryan, and Wiechmann (2004) provided a conceptual model on antecedents of justice expectations but its theoretical underpinning is rather weak and not well-understood. Construal level theory was used in this study as a theoretical basis to predict how applicants might form justice expectations with respect to future selection procedures.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
journalArticle (original)
publication status
published
subject
keyword
DISTANT FUTURE, WORLD, SELECTION PROCEDURES, PERSONNEL-SELECTION, APPLICANT REACTIONS, ORGANIZATIONAL JUSTICE, PERCEPTIONS, FAIRNESS, ATTRACTIVENESS, INFORMATION, Justice, Justice expectations, Direct experiences, Belief in tests, Belief in a just world, Construal level theory, Perception, Personnel selection
journal title
CAREER DEVELOPMENT INTERNATIONAL
Career Dev. Int.
volume
17
issue
1
pages
67 - 82
Web of Science type
Article
Web of Science id
000301992300005
JCR category
MANAGEMENT
JCR impact factor
1.043 (2012)
JCR rank
101/172 (2012)
JCR quartile
3 (2012)
ISSN
1362-0436
DOI
10.1108/13620431211201337
language
English
UGent publication?
yes
classification
A1
copyright statement
I have transferred the copyright for this publication to the publisher
id
1969649
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-1969649
date created
2011-12-19 11:14:48
date last changed
2015-06-17 09:53:10
@article{1969649,
  abstract     = {Purpose -- The purpose of this paper was to investigate the influence of applicants{\textquoteright} justice beliefs (i.e., belief in a just world and belief in tests) on justice expectations with respect to a forthcoming application for the job of prison guard. Further, the moderating role of direct experiences on the relationship between beliefs and justice expectations was studied. Design/methodology/approach -- A written survey was administered to 803 applicants, just before the start of the selection procedure. Data were self-reported and collected at one point in time. Findings -- Significant positive relationships were found between both beliefs (i.e., belief in a just world and belief in tests) on procedural and distributive justice expectations. Moreover, the relationship between belief in tests and both types of justice expectations was stronger among experienced applicants. Conversely, the relationship between belief in a just world and distributive justice expectations was stronger among inexperienced applicants. This moderation was not found with respect to procedural justice expectations. Originality/value -- Insight into how justice expectations are formed in selection contexts, and consequently, how organizations can influence these expectations, is largely missing. Bell, Ryan, and Wiechmann (2004) provided a conceptual model on antecedents of justice expectations but its theoretical underpinning is rather weak and not well-understood. Construal level theory was used in this study as a theoretical basis to predict how applicants might form justice expectations with respect to future selection procedures.},
  author       = {Geenen, Brigitte and Proost, Karin and Schreurs, Bert and van Dijke, Marius and Derous, Eva and De Witte, Karel and von Grumbkow, Jasper},
  issn         = {1362-0436},
  journal      = {CAREER DEVELOPMENT INTERNATIONAL},
  keyword      = {DISTANT FUTURE,WORLD,SELECTION PROCEDURES,PERSONNEL-SELECTION,APPLICANT REACTIONS,ORGANIZATIONAL JUSTICE,PERCEPTIONS,FAIRNESS,ATTRACTIVENESS,INFORMATION,Justice,Justice expectations,Direct experiences,Belief in tests,Belief in a just world,Construal level theory,Perception,Personnel selection},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {67--82},
  title        = {The influence of general beliefs on the formation of justice expectations: the moderating role of direct experiences},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/13620431211201337},
  volume       = {17},
  year         = {2012},
}

Chicago
Geenen, Brigitte, Karin Proost, Bert Schreurs, Marius van Dijke, Eva Derous, Karel De Witte, and Jasper von Grumbkow. 2012. “The Influence of General Beliefs on the Formation of Justice Expectations: The Moderating Role of Direct Experiences.” Career Development International 17 (1): 67–82.
APA
Geenen, B., Proost, K., Schreurs, B., van Dijke, M., Derous, E., De Witte, K., & von Grumbkow, J. (2012). The influence of general beliefs on the formation of justice expectations: the moderating role of direct experiences. CAREER DEVELOPMENT INTERNATIONAL, 17(1), 67–82.
Vancouver
1.
Geenen B, Proost K, Schreurs B, van Dijke M, Derous E, De Witte K, et al. The influence of general beliefs on the formation of justice expectations: the moderating role of direct experiences. CAREER DEVELOPMENT INTERNATIONAL. 2012;17(1):67–82.
MLA
Geenen, Brigitte, Karin Proost, Bert Schreurs, et al. “The Influence of General Beliefs on the Formation of Justice Expectations: The Moderating Role of Direct Experiences.” CAREER DEVELOPMENT INTERNATIONAL 17.1 (2012): 67–82. Print.