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Lifestyles, the built environment and travel for leisure trips

Veronique Van Acker (UGent) , Jonas De Vos (UGent) and Frank Witlox (UGent)
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Abstract
This paper considers the complex relationships between different lifestyles, the built environment, stage in life, car availability and travel behaviour by means of structural equation modelling. The analyses are based on 1,800+ respondents to an Internet survey conducted in 2007 in Flanders, Belgium. Highly-educated respondents are overrepresented in the sample, but different travel patterns can still be found within this homogeneous group. This is (partly) due to lifestyles. While controlling for residential self-selection and mediating variables such as car availability, the results indicate that lifestyles significantly influence modal choice for shopping for fun, family visits and active leisure activities. The built environment also has the expected effect on modal choice: car use is lower among respondents living in neighbourhoods closely located to a local or regional centre, with high density and good local accessibility. The influence of lifestyle on modal choice is, however, not always that strong compared to the influence of other variables. Especially modal choice for shopping for fun is more influenced by the built environment than by lifestyles.
Keywords
travel behaviour, Flanders, structural equation modelling, lifestyle, built environment

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Chicago
Van Acker, Veronique, Jonas De Vos, and Frank Witlox. 2011. “Lifestyles, the Built Environment and Travel for Leisure Trips.” In Spatial Planning in Flanders/Belgium : Challenges for Policy, Opportunities for Society : Book of Abstracts, 18–18. Brussels, Belgium: Vlaanderen. Ruimte en Wonen. Steunpunt beleidsrelevant onderzoek 2007-2011.
APA
Van Acker, Veronique, De Vos, J., & Witlox, F. (2011). Lifestyles, the built environment and travel for leisure trips. Spatial planning in Flanders/Belgium : challenges for policy, opportunities for society : book of abstracts (pp. 18–18). Presented at the Spatial planning in Flanders/Belgium : challenges for policy, opportunities for society, Brussels, Belgium: Vlaanderen. Ruimte en Wonen. Steunpunt beleidsrelevant onderzoek 2007-2011.
Vancouver
1.
Van Acker V, De Vos J, Witlox F. Lifestyles, the built environment and travel for leisure trips. Spatial planning in Flanders/Belgium : challenges for policy, opportunities for society : book of abstracts. Brussels, Belgium: Vlaanderen. Ruimte en Wonen. Steunpunt beleidsrelevant onderzoek 2007-2011; 2011. p. 18–18.
MLA
Van Acker, Veronique, Jonas De Vos, and Frank Witlox. “Lifestyles, the Built Environment and Travel for Leisure Trips.” Spatial Planning in Flanders/Belgium : Challenges for Policy, Opportunities for Society : Book of Abstracts. Brussels, Belgium: Vlaanderen. Ruimte en Wonen. Steunpunt beleidsrelevant onderzoek 2007-2011, 2011. 18–18. Print.
@inproceedings{1968954,
  abstract     = {This paper considers the complex relationships between different lifestyles, the built environment, stage in life, car availability and travel behaviour by means of structural equation modelling. The analyses are based on 1,800+ respondents to an Internet survey conducted in 2007 in Flanders, Belgium. Highly-educated respondents are overrepresented in the sample, but different travel patterns can still be found within this homogeneous group. This is (partly) due to lifestyles. While controlling for residential self-selection and mediating variables such as car availability, the results indicate that lifestyles significantly influence modal choice for shopping for fun, family visits and active leisure activities. The built environment also has the expected effect on modal choice: car use is lower among respondents living in neighbourhoods closely located to a local or regional centre, with high density and good local accessibility. The influence of lifestyle on modal choice is, however, not always that strong compared to the influence of other variables. Especially modal choice for shopping for fun is more influenced by the built environment than by lifestyles.},
  articleno    = {abstract 12},
  author       = {Van Acker, Veronique and De Vos, Jonas and Witlox, Frank},
  booktitle    = {Spatial planning in Flanders/Belgium : challenges for policy, opportunities for society : book of abstracts},
  keyword      = {travel behaviour,Flanders,structural equation modelling,lifestyle,built environment},
  language     = {eng},
  location     = {Leuven, Belgium},
  pages        = {abstract 12:18--abstract 12:18},
  publisher    = {Vlaanderen. Ruimte en Wonen. Steunpunt beleidsrelevant onderzoek 2007-2011},
  title        = {Lifestyles, the built environment and travel for leisure trips},
  year         = {2011},
}