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Euphorbia tirucalli L. (Euphorbiaceae): the miracle tree: current status of available knowledge

Tedson Julius Mwine UGent and Patrick Van Damme UGent (2011) SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH AND ESSAYS. 6(23). p.4905-4914
abstract
Euphorbia tirucalli is one of the most important tree Euphorbias known worldwide for its many uses. Endemic to tropical Africa where it often grows wild, it is usually planted for boundary demarcation but also as a live fence around compounds, shrines and kraals due to its ability to withstand extreme aridity and possession of low herbivore pressure. E. tirucalli has white latex which is vesicant and rubifacient but also known to be a remedy against many ailments. However, most of its medicinal features are reported in folk medicine and there appears to be little medical/laboratory analysis to validate them. In this review, we attempt to explore the current knowledge status about E. tirucalli in relation to its classification, chemical content and functions, and the extent to which modern research has gone to validate them. It was found that although a great deal has been done to analyze its chemical composition (bark, roots and latex), and potential for biodiesel production, little is available on validation of its application for medicinal purposes, yet it continues to be used in traditional and alternative medicine on a daily basis. Empirical research is called for to achieve this.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
journalArticle (original)
publication status
published
subject
keyword
ethnopharmacology, folklore, uses, Ethnobotany
journal title
SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH AND ESSAYS
Sci. Res. Essays
volume
6
issue
23
pages
4905 - 4914
ISSN
1992-2248
language
English
UGent publication?
yes
classification
A2
copyright statement
I have transferred the copyright for this publication to the publisher
id
1966621
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-1966621
alternative location
http://www.academicjournals.org/sre/abstracts/abstracts/abstracts2011/16Oct/Mwine%20and%20Damme.htm
date created
2011-12-14 08:10:49
date last changed
2012-02-13 09:13:13
@article{1966621,
  abstract     = {Euphorbia tirucalli is one of the most important tree Euphorbias known worldwide for its many uses. Endemic to tropical Africa where it often grows wild, it is usually planted for boundary demarcation but also as a live fence around compounds, shrines and kraals due to its ability to withstand extreme aridity and possession of low herbivore pressure. E. tirucalli has white latex which is vesicant and rubifacient but also known to be a remedy against many ailments. However, most of its medicinal features are reported in folk medicine and there appears to be little medical/laboratory analysis to validate them. In this review, we attempt to explore the current knowledge status about E. tirucalli in relation to its classification, chemical content and functions, and the extent to which modern research has gone to validate them. It was found that although a great deal has been done to analyze its chemical composition (bark, roots and latex), and potential for biodiesel production, little is available on validation of its application for medicinal purposes, yet it continues to be used in traditional and alternative medicine on a daily basis. Empirical research is called for to achieve this.},
  author       = {Mwine, Tedson Julius and Van Damme, Patrick},
  issn         = {1992-2248},
  journal      = {SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH AND ESSAYS},
  keyword      = {ethnopharmacology,folklore,uses,Ethnobotany},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {23},
  pages        = {4905--4914},
  title        = {Euphorbia tirucalli L. (Euphorbiaceae): the miracle tree: current status of available knowledge},
  url          = {http://www.academicjournals.org/sre/abstracts/abstracts/abstracts2011/16Oct/Mwine\%20and\%20Damme.htm},
  volume       = {6},
  year         = {2011},
}

Chicago
Mwine, Tedson Julius, and Patrick Van Damme. 2011. “Euphorbia Tirucalli L. (Euphorbiaceae): The Miracle Tree: Current Status of Available Knowledge.” Scientific Research and Essays 6 (23): 4905–4914.
APA
Mwine, T. J., & Van Damme, P. (2011). Euphorbia tirucalli L. (Euphorbiaceae): the miracle tree: current status of available knowledge. SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH AND ESSAYS, 6(23), 4905–4914.
Vancouver
1.
Mwine TJ, Van Damme P. Euphorbia tirucalli L. (Euphorbiaceae): the miracle tree: current status of available knowledge. SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH AND ESSAYS. 2011;6(23):4905–14.
MLA
Mwine, Tedson Julius, and Patrick Van Damme. “Euphorbia Tirucalli L. (Euphorbiaceae): The Miracle Tree: Current Status of Available Knowledge.” SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH AND ESSAYS 6.23 (2011): 4905–4914. Print.