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The neural basis of implicit perceptual sequence learning

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The integrative neuroscience of behavioral control (Neuroscience)
Abstract
The present fMRI study investigated the neural areas involved in implicit perceptual sequence learning. To obtain more insight in the functional contributions of the brain areas, we tracked both the behavioral and neural time course of the learning process, using a perceptual serial color matching task. Next, to investigate whether the neural time course was specific for perceptual informatin, imaging results were compared to the results of implicit motor sequence learning, previously investigated using an identical serial color matching task (Gheysen et al., 2010). Results indicated that implicit sequences can be acquired by at least two neural systems: the caudate nucleus and the hippocampus, having different operating principles. The caudate nucleus contributed to the implicit sequence learning process for perceptual as well as motor information in a similar and gradual way. The hippocampus, on the other hand, was engaged in a much faster learning process which was more pronounced for the motor compared to the perceptual task. Interestingly, the perceptual and motor learning process occurred on a comparable implicit level, suggesting that consciousness is not the main determinant factor dissociating the hippocampal from the caudate learning system. This study is not only the first to successfully and unambiguoulsy compare brain activation between perceptual and motor levels of implicit sequence learning, it also provides new insights into the specific hippocampal and caudate learning function.
Keywords
PROCESS DISSOCIATION PROCEDURE, MEDIAL TEMPORAL-LOBE, BASAL GANGLIA, MEMORY SYSTEM, HIPPOCAMPAL, FMRI, INFORMATION, EXPLICIT, BRAIN, REPRESENTATIONS, implicit sequence learning, perceptual sequence learning, motor sequence learning, fMRI, caudate nucleus, hippocampus

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Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

Chicago
Gheysen, Freja, Filip Van Opstal, Chantal Roggeman, Hilde Van Waelvelde, and Wim Fias. 2011. “The Neural Basis of Implicit Perceptual Sequence Learning.” Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 5.
APA
Gheysen, F., Van Opstal, F., Roggeman, C., Van Waelvelde, H., & Fias, W. (2011). The neural basis of implicit perceptual sequence learning. FRONTIERS IN HUMAN NEUROSCIENCE, 5.
Vancouver
1.
Gheysen F, Van Opstal F, Roggeman C, Van Waelvelde H, Fias W. The neural basis of implicit perceptual sequence learning. FRONTIERS IN HUMAN NEUROSCIENCE. 2011;5.
MLA
Gheysen, Freja, Filip Van Opstal, Chantal Roggeman, et al. “The Neural Basis of Implicit Perceptual Sequence Learning.” FRONTIERS IN HUMAN NEUROSCIENCE 5 (2011): n. pag. Print.
@article{1964627,
  abstract     = {The present fMRI study investigated the neural areas involved in implicit perceptual sequence learning. To obtain more insight in the functional contributions of the brain areas, we tracked both the behavioral and neural time course of the learning process, using a perceptual serial color matching task. Next, to investigate whether the neural time course was specific for perceptual informatin, imaging results were compared to the results of implicit motor sequence learning, previously investigated using an identical serial color matching task (Gheysen et al., 2010). Results indicated that implicit sequences can be acquired by at least two neural systems: the caudate nucleus and the hippocampus, having different operating principles. The caudate nucleus contributed to the implicit sequence learning process for perceptual as well as motor information in a similar and gradual way. The hippocampus, on the other hand, was engaged in a much faster learning process which was more pronounced for the motor compared to the perceptual task. Interestingly, the perceptual and motor learning process occurred on a comparable implicit level, suggesting that consciousness is not the main determinant factor dissociating the hippocampal from the caudate learning system. This study is not only the first to successfully and unambiguoulsy compare brain activation between perceptual and motor levels of implicit sequence learning, it also provides new insights into the specific hippocampal and caudate learning function.},
  articleno    = {137},
  author       = {Gheysen, Freja and Van Opstal, Filip and Roggeman, Chantal and Van Waelvelde, Hilde and Fias, Wim},
  issn         = {1662-5161},
  journal      = {FRONTIERS IN HUMAN NEUROSCIENCE},
  keyword      = {PROCESS DISSOCIATION PROCEDURE,MEDIAL TEMPORAL-LOBE,BASAL GANGLIA,MEMORY SYSTEM,HIPPOCAMPAL,FMRI,INFORMATION,EXPLICIT,BRAIN,REPRESENTATIONS,implicit sequence learning,perceptual sequence learning,motor sequence learning,fMRI,caudate nucleus,hippocampus},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {12},
  title        = {The neural basis of implicit perceptual sequence learning},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fnhum.2011.00137},
  volume       = {5},
  year         = {2011},
}

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