Ghent University Academic Bibliography

Advanced

How to make overweight children exercise and follow the recommendations

Benedicte Deforche UGent, Leen Haerens UGent and Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij UGent (2011) INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PEDIATRIC OBESITY. 6(suppl. 1). p.35-41
abstract
As regular physical activity of high enough intensity is essential in the management of overweight, efforts should be made to increase physical activity adherence in overweight children. To make overweight children exercise and follow the recommendations, it is essential to have insight into determinants of exercise initiation and adherence. According to the Self-determination Theory, creating opportunities to satisfy the need for autonomy (i.e., having choices), competence (i.e., feeling effective) and relatedness (i.e., being socially connected) might increase autonomous motivation for physical activity in overweight children and promote a long-lasting active lifestyle. To increase feelings of autonomy in overweight children, exercise programs could be delivered in an autonomy-supportive manner by providing choices, supporting the child's initiatives, avoiding use of external rewards, offering relevant information and rationale for changing behaviour, making a decisional balance and using autonomy supportive language, while minimizing pressure and control. Perceived competence in physical activities could be increased by offering activities tailored to the capabilities of the overweight child, helping the children set realistic goals, learning the children self-management skills, providing the children with appropriate feedback and organizing separate exercise sessions for overweight children. Feelings of relatedness in overweight children might increase by adopting an empathic approach, showing interest in the child's well-being and problems, showing enjoyment and enthusiasm, knowing the names of the children, talking to the children as equals, offering group sessions and talks, encouraging club participation and having a sports partner and encouraging parental support.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
journalArticle (original)
publication status
published
subject
keyword
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED-TRIAL, NORMAL-WEIGHT, PREADOLESCENT OBESE CHILDREN, TIME PHYSICAL-ACTIVITY, SELF-DETERMINATION THEORY, social-contextual environment, relatedness, self-determination theory, physical activity, obese, need satisfaction, competence, children, autonomy, Autonomous motivation, ADOLESCENT OVERWEIGHT, SUPPORTING AUTONOMY, CHILDHOOD OBESITY, ACTIVITY PATTERNS, PROCESS MODE
journal title
INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PEDIATRIC OBESITY
Int. J. Pediatr. Obes.
volume
6
issue
suppl. 1
pages
35 - 41
Web of Science type
Review
Web of Science id
000294867700006
JCR category
PEDIATRICS
JCR impact factor
2.986 (2011)
JCR rank
12/113 (2011)
JCR quartile
1 (2011)
ISSN
1747-7166
DOI
10.3109/17477166.2011.583660
language
English
UGent publication?
yes
classification
A1
copyright statement
I have transferred the copyright for this publication to the publisher
id
1954313
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-1954313
date created
2011-11-25 16:22:09
date last changed
2016-12-19 15:42:20
@article{1954313,
  abstract     = {As regular physical activity of high enough intensity is essential in the management of overweight, efforts should be made to increase physical activity adherence in overweight children. To make overweight children exercise and follow the recommendations, it is essential to have insight into determinants of exercise initiation and adherence. According to the Self-determination Theory, creating opportunities to satisfy the need for autonomy (i.e., having choices), competence (i.e., feeling effective) and relatedness (i.e., being socially connected) might increase autonomous motivation for physical activity in overweight children and promote a long-lasting active lifestyle. To increase feelings of autonomy in overweight children, exercise programs could be delivered in an autonomy-supportive manner by providing choices, supporting the child's initiatives, avoiding use of external rewards, offering relevant information and rationale for changing behaviour, making a decisional balance and using autonomy supportive language, while minimizing pressure and control. Perceived competence in physical activities could be increased by offering activities tailored to the capabilities of the overweight child, helping the children set realistic goals, learning the children self-management skills, providing the children with appropriate feedback and organizing separate exercise sessions for overweight children. Feelings of relatedness in overweight children might increase by adopting an empathic approach, showing interest in the child's well-being and problems, showing enjoyment and enthusiasm, knowing the names of the children, talking to the children as equals, offering group sessions and talks, encouraging club participation and having a sports partner and encouraging parental support.},
  author       = {Deforche, Benedicte and Haerens, Leen and De Bourdeaudhuij, Ilse},
  issn         = {1747-7166},
  journal      = {INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PEDIATRIC OBESITY},
  keyword      = {RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED-TRIAL,NORMAL-WEIGHT,PREADOLESCENT OBESE CHILDREN,TIME PHYSICAL-ACTIVITY,SELF-DETERMINATION THEORY,social-contextual environment,relatedness,self-determination theory,physical activity,obese,need satisfaction,competence,children,autonomy,Autonomous motivation,ADOLESCENT OVERWEIGHT,SUPPORTING AUTONOMY,CHILDHOOD OBESITY,ACTIVITY PATTERNS,PROCESS MODE},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {suppl. 1},
  pages        = {35--41},
  title        = {How to make overweight children exercise and follow the recommendations},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/17477166.2011.583660},
  volume       = {6},
  year         = {2011},
}

Chicago
Deforche, Benedicte, Leen Haerens, and Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij. 2011. “How to Make Overweight Children Exercise and Follow the Recommendations.” International Journal of Pediatric Obesity 6 (suppl. 1): 35–41.
APA
Deforche, B., Haerens, L., & De Bourdeaudhuij, I. (2011). How to make overweight children exercise and follow the recommendations. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PEDIATRIC OBESITY, 6(suppl. 1), 35–41.
Vancouver
1.
Deforche B, Haerens L, De Bourdeaudhuij I. How to make overweight children exercise and follow the recommendations. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PEDIATRIC OBESITY. 2011;6(suppl. 1):35–41.
MLA
Deforche, Benedicte, Leen Haerens, and Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij. “How to Make Overweight Children Exercise and Follow the Recommendations.” INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PEDIATRIC OBESITY 6.suppl. 1 (2011): 35–41. Print.